How to format your references using the Evolution and Human Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolution and Human Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schrag, D. P. (2009). Storage of carbon dioxide in offshore sediments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5948), 1658–1659.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luk, Y.-Y., & Abbott, N. L. (2003). Surface-driven switching of liquid crystals using redox-active groups on electrodes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5633), 623–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohtsuki, H., Iwasa, Y., & Nowak, M. A. (2009). Indirect reciprocity provides only a narrow margin of efficiency for costly punishment. Nature, 457(7225), 79–82.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jo, J., Hong, S., Choi, W. Y., & Lee, D. R. (2014). Cell-penetrating peptide (CPP)-conjugated proteins is an efficient tool for manipulation of human mesenchymal stromal cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 4378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henry-Labordère, A. (2009). Virtual Roaming Systems for GSM, GPRS and UMTS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wu, A. H., & Stram, D. O. (Eds.). (2016). Cancer Epidemiology Among Asian Americans. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Coelho, J., Guerreiro, T., & Duarte, C. (2015). Designing TV Interaction for the Elderly – A Case Study of the Design for All Approach. In P. Biswas, C. Duarte, P. Langdon, & L. Almeida (Eds.), A Multimodal End-2-End Approach to Accessible Computing (pp. 69–89). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolution and Human Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 26). Plans For A Futuristic, Atlantis-Style Underwater City Unveiled. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Passenger Rail Security: Consistent Incident Reporting and Analysis Needed to Achieve Program Objectives (GAO-13-20). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zarate Ramirez, F. (2012). Pedagogical and performance approach to selected bel canto songs and arias of Bellini and Donizetti [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E. (2016, February 17). Denise Matthews, 57, Singer Known as Vanity. New York Times, B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schrag, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Luk & Abbott, 2003; Schrag, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luk & Abbott, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Ohtsuki et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolution and Human Behavior
AbbreviationEvol. Hum. Behav.
ISSN (print)1090-5138
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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