How to format your references using the Evolution and Human Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolution and Human Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman, M. (2009). Paleontology. Emerging onto a tangled bank. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 341–342.
A journal article with 2 authors
Merad, M., & Salmon, H. (2015). Cancer: A dendritic-cell brake on antitumour immunity. Nature, 523(7560), 294–295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kelber, A., Balkenius, A., & Warrant, E. J. (2002). Scotopic colour vision in nocturnal hawkmoths. Nature, 419(6910), 922–925.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Blakemore, C., Dawkins, R., Noble, D., & Yudkin, M. (2003). Is a scientific boycott ever justified? Nature, 421(6921), 314.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaseghi, S. V. (2001). Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pattaro, E., & Roversi, C. (Eds.). (2016). A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence: Volume 12: Legal Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: The Civil Law World, Tome 1: Language Areas, Tome 2: Main Orientations and Topics. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
McCormick, K., Anderberg, S., & Neij, L. (2013). Sustainable Urban Transformation and the Green Urban Economy. In R. Simpson & M. Zimmermann (Eds.), The Economy of Green Cities: A World Compendium on the Green Urban Economy (pp. 33–43). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolution and Human Behavior.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, May 26). Droppings Reveal That Not All Tasmanian Devils Are Clones. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Commercial Space Launches: FAA’s Risk Assessment Process Is Not Yet Updated (GAO-14-328T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Copeland, E. J. (2010). A grant proposal for individuals with severe mental illness [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (1999, December 31). Rutgers Women Find Rhythm For 4th Straight Victory. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman, 2009; Merad & Salmon, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Merad & Salmon, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Kelber et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Blakemore et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolution and Human Behavior
AbbreviationEvol. Hum. Behav.
ISSN (print)1090-5138
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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