How to format your references using the Few-Body Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Few-Body Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern, P.: The heavily connected brain. Connection, connection, connection... Introduction. Science. 342, 577 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Bastow, R., Dean, C.: Plant sciences. Deciding when to flower. Science. 302, 1695–1696 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, D.R., Pendry, J.B., Wiltshire, M.C.K.: Metamaterials and negative refractive index. Science. 305, 788–792 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brouwer, A.M., Frochot, C., Gatti, F.G., Leigh, D.A., Mottier, L., Paolucci, F., Roffia, S., Wurpel, G.W.: Photoinduction of fast, reversible translational motion in a hydrogen-bonded molecular shuttle. Science. 291, 2124–2128 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brandimarte, P.: Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Gelbukh, A. ed: Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 7th International Conference, CICLing 2006, Mexico City, Mexico, February 19-25, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Feng, L., Liu, S., Xiao, Y., Wang, J.: Subspace Detection on Concept Drifting Data Stream. In: Cao, J., Mao, K., Cambria, E., Man, Z., and Toh, K.-A. (eds.) Proceedings of ELM-2014 Volume 1: Algorithms and Theories. pp. 51–59. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Few-Body Systems.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Remarkable New CRISPR System Targets RNA, Rather Than DNA,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Mass Transit: Effects of Tax Changes on Commuter Behavior. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gelbart, O.: Integrated hardware/software approaches to software security for embedded systems, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Tatiana Samoilova, 80, Soviet Movie Star, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFew-Body Systems
ISSN (print)0177-7963
ISSN (online)1432-5411
ScopeAtomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles