How to format your references using the Few-Body Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Few-Body Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Skotheim, J.M.: Cell signaling. To divide or not to divide. Science. 324, 476–477 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Morandi, B., Carreira, E.M.: Iron-catalyzed cyclopropanation in 6 M KOH with in situ generation of diazomethane. Science. 335, 1471–1474 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Walkden, G., Parker, J., Kelley, S.: A late Triassic impact ejecta layer in southwestern Britain. Science. 298, 2185–2188 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Plass, R., Last, J.A., Bartelt, N.C., Kellogg, G.L.: Nanostructures. Self-assembled domain patterns. Nature. 412, 875 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLean, D.: Understanding Aerodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2012)
An edited book
Feng, C.: China’s Changing Legal System: Lawyers & Judges on Civil & Criminal Law. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Jensen, K., Kühl, O.: Towards a Model of Musical Chunks. In: Ystad, S., Kronland-Martinet, R., and Jensen, K. (eds.) Computer Music Modeling and Retrieval. Genesis of Meaning in Sound and Music: 5th International Symposium, CMMR 2008 Copenhagen, Denmark, May 19-23, 2008 Revised Papers. pp. 81–92. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Few-Body Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Incredible Ultraviolet View Of The Martian Atmosphere,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Urban Transportation: Issues Related to the South Corridor Study. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dammann, N.M.: Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M.: Spacey Apologizes After Accusation of Misconduct, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFew-Body Systems
ISSN (print)0177-7963
ISSN (online)1432-5411
ScopeAtomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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