How to format your references using the Few-Body Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Few-Body Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Victor, P.: Questioning economic growth. Nature. 468, 370–371 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaufman, Y.J., Koren, I.: Smoke and pollution aerosol effect on cloud cover. Science. 313, 655–658 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
de la Mare, W., Gales, N., Mangel, M.: Science and Law. Applying scientific principles in international law on whaling. Science. 345, 1125–1126 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bibby, T.S., Nield, J., Partensky, F., Barber, J.: Oxyphotobacteria. Antenna ring around photosystem I. Nature. 413, 590 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Etheridge, D.: Excel® Data Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
O’Leary, B.L., Capelotti, P.J. eds: Archaeology and Heritage of the Human Movement into Space. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
de Smet, M.D., van Velthoven, M.E.J.: Combined Optical Coherence Tomography and Confocal Ophthalmoscopy (OCT/SLO). In: Coscas, F., Vismara, S., Zourdani, A., and Calzi, C.I.L. (eds.) Optical Coherence Tomography in Age-Related Macular Degeneration: OCT in AMD. pp. 49–65. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Few-Body Systems.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Scientists Have Reconstructed The Hearing Abilities Of Our Ancestors,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Weather Satellite Costs Have Increased: Problems Have Occurred in Their Manufacturing Quality Control. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1985)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tourijigian, L.: Fiscal Changes at Dunbar Elementary, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFew-Body Systems
ISSN (print)0177-7963
ISSN (online)1432-5411
ScopeAtomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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