How to format your references using the Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
FitzGerald GA. BIOMEDICINE. Bringing PGE₂ in from the cold. Science. 2015;348(6240):1208-1209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maizels RM, Gause WC. Immunology. How helminths go viral. Science. 2014;345(6196):517-518.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ioannou CC, Guttal V, Couzin ID. Predatory fish select for coordinated collective motion in virtual prey. Science. 2012;337(6099):1212-1215.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kufer SK, Puchner EM, Gumpp H, Liedl T, Gaub HE. Single-molecule cut-and-paste surface assembly. Science. 2008;319(5863):594-596.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hossler FE. Ultrastructure Atlas of Human Tissues. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Balali-Mood M, Abdollahi M, eds. Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Mustard Compounds. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Tarantino U, Resmini G. Diagnosi. In: Resmini G, ed. La Gestione Delle Fratture Da Fragilità Ossea: Raccomandazioni per Chirurghi Ortopedici. Springer; 2011:9-17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Method For Attaching Prostheses Improves Quality Of Life For Amputees. IFLScience. Published September 8, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improving Federal Performance in the Information Age Issue Area Plan: Fiscal Years 1996-98. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vickovic SG. Medical Marijuana and the Media. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall A. 2 Charged With Murder After a Buried Body Is Found in New Jersey. New York Times. November 18, 2016:A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation
AbbreviationHealthc. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2213-0764
ScopeHealth Policy

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