How to format your references using the Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simpson RW. SEISMOLOGY: Watching the Hayward Fault. Science. 2000;289(5482):1147-1148.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hwang I, Sheen J. Two-component circuitry in Arabidopsis cytokinin signal transduction. Nature. 2001;413(6854):383-389.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunn FA, Lankheet MJ, Rieke F. Light adaptation in cone vision involves switching between receptor and post-receptor sites. Nature. 2007;449(7162):603-606.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hole JA, Catchings RD, St Clair KC, Rymer MJ, Okaya DA, Carney BJ. Steep-dip seismic imaging of the shallow San Andreas fault near Parkfield. Science. 2001;294(5546):1513-1515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuzmeski M. The Connectors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Basu A. Metagraphs and Their Applications. Vol 15. (Blanning RW, ed.). Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Muggleton SH, Lodhi H, Amini A, Sternberg MJE. Support Vector Inductive Logic Programming. In: Holmes DE, Jain LC, eds. Innovations in Machine Learning: Theory and Applications. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer; 2006:113-135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation.

Blog post
Fang J. Parasites Prefer Gigantic, Castrated Water Fleas. IFLScience. Published August 21, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. A-10 Close Air Support Aircraft. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haws SW. A Multilevel Study of Schools’ Influences on Adolescent Substance Use. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Critics See Kremlin’s Hand in Charges Against Ex-K.G.B. Agent. New York Times. December 12, 2004:127.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation
AbbreviationHealthc. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2213-0764
ScopeHealth Policy

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