How to format your references using the Future Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Virology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Motavalli J. Technology: A solid future. Nature. 526(7575), S96-7 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Sattelberger AP, Johnson MJA. Chemistry. Uncovering the uranium-nitrogen triple bond. Science. 337(6095), 652–653 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh D, Segal A, Voets T. Distinct modes of perimembrane TRP channel turnover revealed by TIR-FRAP. Sci. Rep. 4, 7111 (2014).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang Q, Li G, Rhodes D, et al. Superconductivity with extremely large upper critical fields in Nb2Pd0.81S5. Sci. Rep. 3, 1446 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov VO. Using Aspect-Oriented Programming for Trustworthy Software Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chatterjee DK, editor. Encyclopedia of Global Justice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Sarkar M, Theuwissen A. Material Classification Using CMOS Polarization Sensor. In: A Biologically Inspired CMOS Image Sensor. Theuwissen A (Ed.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 157–184 (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Virology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Earthquakes, Superstorms…And Other Little-Known Perils Of Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Preliminary Observations about Consumer Satisfaction and Problems with Wireless Phone Service and FCC’s Efforts to Assist Consumers with Complaints. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turney JJ. Police supervisory attributes that influence attitude towards Critical Incident Stress Management programs. (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. After ‘Awesome’ Break, Kelly Makes Her Debut As Pillar of NBC’s Plans. New York Times, B2 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Virology
AbbreviationFuture Virol.
ISSN (print)1746-0794
ISSN (online)1746-0808

Other styles