How to format your references using the FEMS Yeast Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FEMS Yeast Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bradshaw RA. Rita Levi-Montalcini (1909-2012). Nature 2013;493:306.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rape M, Kirschner MW. Autonomous regulation of the anaphase-promoting complex couples mitosis to S-phase entry. Nature 2004;432:588–95.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bandyopadhyay PR, Leinhos HA, Hellum AM. Handedness helps homing in swimming and flying animals. Sci Rep 2013;3:1128.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Treiner E, Duban L, Bahram S et al. Selection of evolutionarily conserved mucosal-associated invariant T cells by MR1. Nature 2003;422:164–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer H. Angewandte Baudynamik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013.
An edited book
Kutyniok G, Labate D eds. Shearlets: Multiscale Analysis for Multivariate Data. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Cumming JJ, Van der Kleij FM. Effective Enactment of Assessment for Learning and Student Diversity in Australia. In: Laveault D, Allal L (eds.). Assessment for Learning: Meeting the Challenge of Implementation. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FEMS Yeast Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Cosmic Growing Pains Are Making This Young Star Get Bigger In Bursts. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information on the Labor Department’s Skill Training Improvement Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gramajo GG. Guidance control of small UAV with energy and maneuverability limitations for a search and coverage mission. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. A Pushkin Celebration on His Family’s Estate. New York Times. May 23, 1999:53.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bradshaw 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Rape and Kirschner 2004; Bradshaw 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rape and Kirschner 2004)
  • Three authors: (Bandyopadhyay, Leinhos and Hellum 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Treiner et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFEMS Yeast Research
AbbreviationFEMS Yeast Res.
ISSN (print)1567-1356
ISSN (online)1567-1364
ScopeApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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