How to format your references using the FEMS Yeast Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FEMS Yeast Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Errico A. Judge by actions, not words. Nature 2015;522:393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyde PS, Knudsen EI. The optic tectum controls visually guided adaptive plasticity in the owl’s auditory space map. Nature 2002;415:73–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle NJ, Russell AF, Wilson AJ. The evolution of flexible parenting. Science 2014;345:776–81.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gu Z, Steinmetz LM, Gu X et al. Role of duplicate genes in genetic robustness against null mutations. Nature 2003;421:63–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Girling P. Operational Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Russo J ed. Environment and Breast Cancer. New York, NY: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Gunawardena M, Petraki E. Critical Thinking Skills in the EAP Classroom. In: Liyanage I, Walker T (eds.). English for Academic Purposes (EAP) in Asia: Negotiating Appropriate Practices in a Global Context. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2014, 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FEMS Yeast Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. Snakes Probably Lost Their Legs Swimming, Not Burrowing. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: IRS Needs to Improve the Reliability and Transparency of Reported Investment Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoch VA. The Effects of Systematic Reinforcement on Academic Performance in Precision Teaching: An Investigation of Acquisition, Retention, and Endurance. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen J. An Ex-Detainee, but Still a Captive of ‘The Darkness.’ New York Times. October 12, 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Errico 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hyde and Knudsen 2002; Errico 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyde and Knudsen 2002)
  • Three authors: (Royle, Russell and Wilson 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gu et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFEMS Yeast Research
AbbreviationFEMS Yeast Res.
ISSN (print)1567-1356
ISSN (online)1567-1364
ScopeApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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