How to format your references using the FEMS Yeast Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FEMS Yeast Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickware P. Next-generation biologists must straddle computation and biology. Nature 2000;404:683–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sandoval DA, Seeley RJ. Medicine. The microbes made me eat it. Science 2010;328:179–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carlson ME, Hsu M, Conboy IM. Imbalance between pSmad3 and Notch induces CDK inhibitors in old muscle stem cells. Nature 2008;454:528–32.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rebeiz M, Pool JE, Kassner VA et al. Stepwise modification of a modular enhancer underlies adaptation in a Drosophila population. Science 2009;326:1663–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Turner JR, Durham TA. Integrated Cardiac Safety: Assessment Methodologies for Noncardiac Drugs in Discovery, Development, and Postmarketing Surveillance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
Yu M-H. Computational Plasticity: With Emphasis on the Application of the Unified Strength Theory. Li J-C (ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Kunze J, Paschos O, Stimming U. Fuel Cell Comparison to Alternate Technologies. In: Kreuer K-D (ed.). Fuel Cells: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, 77–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FEMS Yeast Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Does Chilli Burn, And Why Does Milk Help Soothe The Pain? IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Research: Opportunities for Improving the Oversight of DOT’s Research Programs and User Satisfaction with Transportation Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer CD. School Referenda and Ohio Department of Education Typologies: An Investigation of the Outcomes of First Attempt School Operating Levies from 2002–2010. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Creative Answers for the Gift List. New York Times. December 15, 2013:WE11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wickware 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Wickware 2000; Sandoval and Seeley 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sandoval and Seeley 2010)
  • Three authors: (Carlson, Hsu and Conboy 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rebeiz et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFEMS Yeast Research
AbbreviationFEMS Yeast Res.
ISSN (print)1567-1356
ISSN (online)1567-1364
ScopeApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microbiology
General Medicine

Other styles