How to format your references using the FEMS Yeast Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FEMS Yeast Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A. Danish biotech centre faces axe. Nature 2003;422:105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldenberg C, Goldhirsch I. Friction enhances elasticity in granular solids. Nature 2005;435:188–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mullen KT, Kim YJ, Gheiratmand M. Contrast normalization in colour vision: the effect of luminance contrast on colour contrast detection. Sci Rep 2014;4:7350.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stayrook S, Jaru-Ampornpan P, Ni J et al. Crystal structure of the lambda repressor and a model for pairwise cooperative operator binding. Nature 2008;452:1022–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hey E. Neonatal Formulary 6. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
Hull E. Requirements Engineering. Second Edition. Jackson K, Dick J (eds.). London: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Kreutzer J. Cardiac Catheterization. In: Munoz R, Morell V, Cruz E, et al. (eds.). Critical Care of Children with Heart Disease: Basic Medical and Surgical Concepts. London: Springer, 2010, 37–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FEMS Yeast Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K. World’s First Three-Parent Baby Raises Questions About Long-Term Health Risks. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Automatic Data Processing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1967.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Staal J. The Relationships Among Sleep Quality, Frailty, and Falls in Older Adults Residing in the Community. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D. The Pink Sheep. New York Times. October 15, 1995:729.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003; Goldenberg and Goldhirsch 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldenberg and Goldhirsch 2005)
  • Three authors: (Mullen, Kim and Gheiratmand 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Stayrook et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFEMS Yeast Research
AbbreviationFEMS Yeast Res.
ISSN (print)1567-1356
ISSN (online)1567-1364
ScopeApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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