How to format your references using the FEMS Yeast Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FEMS Yeast Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wofsy SC. Climate change. Where has all the carbon gone? Science 2001;292:2261–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nielsen R, Hubisz MJ. Evolutionary genomics: detecting selection needs comparative data. Nature 2005;433:E6; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Freitas R, Zhang G, Cohn MJ. Evidence that mechanisms of fin development evolved in the midline of early vertebrates. Nature 2006;442:1033–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Klein T, Joumard I, Blanchard S et al. A Bragg glass phase in the vortex lattice of a type II superconductor. Nature 2001;413:404–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vitale J, Len IH. Zero Limits. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
Karner C, Weicht B eds. The Commonalities of Global Crises: Markets, Communities and Nostalgia. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Joardder MUH, Karim A, Kumar C et al. Factors Affecting Porosity. In: Karim A, Kumar C, Brown RJ (eds.). Porosity: Establishing the Relationship between Drying Parameters and Dried Food Quality. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, 25–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FEMS Yeast Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Aircrafts That Can Be Controlled By Thought. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comments on Energy Research and Development Administration’s Proposed Arrangement for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Demonstration Plant Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sundell M. From fine art to fashion: Man Ray’s ambivalent avant-garde. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D. Starting Out in the ’70s. New York Times. November 6, 2011:BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wofsy 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Wofsy 2001; Nielsen and Hubisz 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nielsen and Hubisz 2005)
  • Three authors: (Freitas, Zhang and Cohn 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Klein et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFEMS Yeast Research
AbbreviationFEMS Yeast Res.
ISSN (print)1567-1356
ISSN (online)1567-1364
ScopeApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

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