How to format your references using the FEMS Yeast Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FEMS Yeast Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Champion PM. Chemistry. Following the flow of energy in biomolecules. Science 2005;310:980–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Takano Y, Ukezono M. An experimental task to examine the mirror system in rats. Sci Rep 2014;4:6652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Casanova-Sáez R, Candela H, Micol JL. Combined haploinsufficiency and purifying selection drive retention of RPL36a paralogs in Arabidopsis. Sci Rep 2014;4:4122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Abdool Karim Q, Abdool Karim SS, Frohlich JA et al. Effectiveness and safety of tenofovir gel, an antiretroviral microbicide, for the prevention of HIV infection in women. Science 2010;329:1168–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mix PE. Introduction to Nondestructive Testing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2004.
An edited book
Gallucci M. Radiographic Atlas of Skull and Brain Anatomy. Capoccia S, Catalucci A (eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Norton BG. Facts, Values, and Analogies: A Darwinian Approach to Environmental Choice. In: Bergandi D (ed.). The Structural Links between Ecology, Evolution and Ethics: The Virtuous Epistemic Circle. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013, 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FEMS Yeast Research.

Blog post
Fang J. Solar Cell Material Moonlights as Laser. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Freight Rail Security: Actions Have Been Taken to Enhance Security, but the Federal Strategy Can Be Strengthened and Security Efforts Better Monitored. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mihalcin D. A comparison of the Children’s Functional Assessment Rating Scale and the Child Behavior Checklist used in a wraparound program. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Collins Dwells Only on the Job, Not on Job Security. New York Times. August 22, 2016:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Champion 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Champion 2005; Takano and Ukezono 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Takano and Ukezono 2014)
  • Three authors: (Casanova-Sáez, Candela and Micol 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Abdool Karim et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFEMS Yeast Research
AbbreviationFEMS Yeast Res.
ISSN (print)1567-1356
ISSN (online)1567-1364
ScopeApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microbiology
General Medicine

Other styles