How to format your references using the Feminist Media Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Feminist Media Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wu, Ray. 2004. “Making an Impact.” Nature 428 (6979): 206–207.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lake, Jeffrey K., and Annette Ostling. 2009. “Comment on ‘Functional Traits and Niche-Based Tree Community Assembly in an Amazonian Forest.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5930): 1015; author reply 1015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barth, Johannes V., Giovanni Costantini, and Klaus Kern. 2005. “Engineering Atomic and Molecular Nanostructures at Surfaces.” Nature 437 (7059): 671–679.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nagahara, Noriyuki, Masatoshi Nagano, Takaaki Ito, Kenji Shimamura, Toshio Akimoto, and Hidenori Suzuki. 2013. “Antioxidant Enzyme, 3-Mercaptopyruvate Sulfurtransferase-Knockout Mice Exhibit Increased Anxiety-like Behaviors: A Model for Human Mercaptolactate-Cysteine Disulfiduria.” Scientific Reports 3: 1986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kovalenko, N. P., Yu P. Krasny, and U. Krey. 2005. Physics of Amorphous Metals. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Emmer, Michele, ed. 2006. Matematica e Cultura 2006. Matematica e Cultura. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Perotti, Luigi, Manuela Lasagna, Paolo Clemente, Giovanna Antonella Dino, and Domenico Antonio De Luca. 2015. “Remote Sensing and Hydrogeological Methodologies for Irrigation Canal Water Losses Detection: The Naviglio Di Bra Test Site (NW-Italy).” In Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 3: River Basins, Reservoir Sedimentation and Water Resources, edited by Giorgio Lollino, Massimo Arattano, Massimo Rinaldi, Orazio Giustolisi, Jean-Christophe Marechal, and Gordon E. Grant, 19–22. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Feminist Media Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Want To Know Your Risk Of Dying In The Next Five Years? Take The Ubble Age Test.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Los Angeles Metro Rail System. OSI-94-6R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Campbell, Ashley B. 2015. “An Analysis of the Demography and Habitat Usage of Roatán’s Spiny-Tailed Iguana, Ctenosaura Oedirhina.” Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. “Arizona’s Strict Approach to Insanity Defenses Gets a Hearing Before the Supreme Court.” New York Times, April 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wu 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Wu 2004; Lake and Ostling 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lake and Ostling 2009)
  • Three authors: (Barth, Costantini, and Kern 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nagahara et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFeminist Media Studies
AbbreviationFem. Media Stud.
ISSN (print)1468-0777
ISSN (online)1471-5902
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Gender Studies

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