How to format your references using the Feminist Media Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Feminist Media Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crutzen, Paul J. 2004. “A Late Change to the Programme.” Nature 429 (6990): 349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kemp, Charles, and Terry Regier. 2012. “Kinship Categories across Languages Reflect General Communicative Principles.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6084): 1049–1054.
A journal article with 3 authors
David, C., N. A. Mortensen, and J. Christensen. 2013. “Perfect Imaging, Epsilon-near Zero Phenomena and Waveguiding in the Scope of Nonlocal Effects.” Scientific Reports 3: 2526.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Richter, Andreas, John P. Burrows, Hendrik Nüss, Claire Granier, and Ulrike Niemeier. 2005. “Increase in Tropospheric Nitrogen Dioxide over China Observed from Space.” Nature 437 (7055): 129–132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carver, Richard H., and Kuo-Chung Tai. 2005. Modern Multithreading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tamil Selvan, Subramanian. 2016. Introduction to Nanotheranostics. Edited by Karthikeyan Narayanan. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chou, Bin-Hui, and Einoshin Suzuki. 2010. “Discovering Community-Oriented Roles of Nodes in a Social Network.” In Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 12th International Conference, DAWAK 2010, Bilbao, Spain, August/September 2010. Proceedings, edited by Torben Bach Pedersen, Mukesh K. Mohania, and A. Min Tjoa, 52–64. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Feminist Media Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2017. “Arctic Methane Seeps Might Cool, Not Warm, The Planet.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Airport Improvement Program: Analysis of Discretionary Spending for Fiscal Years 1996-98. RCED-99-160R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mantilla, Alicia N. 2012. “The Differences in the Educational Experiences and Caregiver Involvement in Education between Youth in Foster Care and Those in Care of Their Biological Parents.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2014. “Staying on the Island, but Moving a World Away.” New York Times, October 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crutzen 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Crutzen 2004; Kemp and Regier 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kemp and Regier 2012)
  • Three authors: (David, Mortensen, and Christensen 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Richter et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFeminist Media Studies
AbbreviationFem. Media Stud.
ISSN (print)1468-0777
ISSN (online)1471-5902
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Gender Studies

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