How to format your references using the Feminist Media Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Feminist Media Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Azoulay, Pierre. 2012. “Research Efficiency: Turn the Scientific Method on Ourselves.” Nature 484 (7392): 31–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benedito, Rui, and Ralf H. Adams. 2009. “Development. Aorta’s Cardinal Secret.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5950): 242–243.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dhara, Sajal, Eugene J. Mele, and Ritesh Agarwal. 2015. “APPLIED OPTICS. Voltage-Tunable Circular Photogalvanic Effect in Silicon Nanowires.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6249): 726–729.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Raman, V., S. A. Martensen, D. Reisman, E. Evron, W. F. Odenwald, E. Jaffee, J. Marks, and S. Sukumar. 2000. “Compromised HOXA5 Function Can Limit P53 Expression in Human Breast Tumours.” Nature 405 (6789): 974–978.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandra, Sanjeev. 2016. Energy, Entropy and Engines. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bertolotto, Michele, and Carlo Trombetta, eds. 2012. Scrotal Pathology. Medical Radiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Denarié, E., J. Silfwerbrand, and H. Beushausen. 2011. “Structural Behaviour.” In Bonded Cement-Based Material Overlays for the Repair, the Lining or the Strengthening of Slabs or Pavements: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 193-RLS, edited by Benoît Bissonnette, Luc Courard, David W. Fowler, and Jean-Louis Granju, 81–106. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Feminist Media Studies.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Hyperloop Could Be Coming To The UK.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Greater Coordination and a More Effective Policy Needed for International Telecommunications Facilities. CED-78-87. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowell, Michael L. 2016. “A Case Study into the Perception of World Language Study of All Stakeholders in a Suburban Midwest School District.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Victor, Daniel. 2017. “Dismissed Breitbart Editor Blames Anti-Muslim Tweets.” New York Times, June 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Azoulay 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Azoulay 2012; Benedito and Adams 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benedito and Adams 2009)
  • Three authors: (Dhara, Mele, and Agarwal 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Raman et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFeminist Media Studies
AbbreviationFem. Media Stud.
ISSN (print)1468-0777
ISSN (online)1471-5902
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Gender Studies

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