How to format your references using the Feminist Legal Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Feminist Legal Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spiegel, Allen. 2003. Cell signaling. beta-arrestin--not just for G protein-coupled receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 1338–1339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yan, Y., and S. J. Pennycook. 2000. Atomic structure of the quasicrystal Al72Ni20Co8. Nature 403: 266–267.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmittner, Andreas, Masakazu Yoshimori, and Andrew J. Weaver. 2002. Instability of glacial climate in a model of the ocean- atmosphere-cryosphere system. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 1489–1493.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cohen, Ivan, Vincent Navarro, Stéphane Clemenceau, Michel Baulac, and Richard Miles. 2002. On the origin of interictal activity in human temporal lobe epilepsy in vitro. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 1418–1421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, Dave J., Paul J. Dyson, and Stewart J. Tavener. 2005. Chemistry in Alternative Reaction Media. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Prakash, Hastagiri. 2009. Game Theoretic Problems in Network Economics and Mechanism Design Solutions. Edited by Ramasuri Narayanam, Dinesh Garg, and Y. Narahari. Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Macé, Sébastien, and Éric Anquetil. 2007. A Generic Approach for Pen-Based User Interface Development. In Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces V, ed. Gaëlle Calvary, Costin Pribeanu, Giuseppe Santucci, and Jean Vanderdonckt, 57–70. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Feminist Legal Studies.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. Chernobyl May Be Turned Into A Solar Farm. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 1.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1970. Utilization of Consultants and Experts. B-168033. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, Jeannette Carole. 2015. Theoretically tested remediation in response to insect resistance to Bt corn and Bt cotton: A new paradigm. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2015. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, March 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spiegel 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Yan and Pennycook 2000; Spiegel 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yan and Pennycook 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Cohen et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFeminist Legal Studies
AbbreviationFem. Leg. Stud.
ISSN (print)0966-3622
ISSN (online)1572-8455
ScopeGender Studies

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