How to format your references using the Feminist Legal Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Feminist Legal Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, Cassandra. 2015. Screening: Early alert. Nature 521: S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smyth, Mark J., and Michael H. Kershaw. 2011. Immunology. The adjuvant effects of antibodies. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333: 944–945.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sánchez, Ivelisse, Christian Mahlke, and Junying Yuan. 2003. Pivotal role of oligomerization in expanded polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorders. Nature 421: 373–379.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nie, Longhui, Aiyun Meng, Jiaguo Yu, and Mietek Jaroniec. 2013. Hierarchically macro-mesoporous Pt/γ-Al2O3 composite microspheres for efficient formaldehyde oxidation at room temperature. Scientific reports 3: 3215.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olsen, Dan. 2015. The Lean Product Playbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Forte, B., ed. 2011. Functional Equations and Inequalities. Vol. 54. C.I.M.E. Summer Schools. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Șoproni, Luminița, and Ioan Horga. 2015. Economic Transition in Romania: A Completed Process? In Societies in Transition: Economic, Political and Security Transformations in Contemporary Europe, ed. Savvas Katsikides and Pavlos I. Koktsidis, 87–110. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Feminist Legal Studies.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. The Ice Bucket Challenge Directly Funded A Major Genetic Breakthrough In ALS Research. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 27.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Transportation Infrastructure: Implementation of Funding Flexibility Under ISTEA and Use of Transportation Control Measures. T-RCED-94-50. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weisko, Paul. 2017. Wading Tiger Swimming Dragon: A Study on Comparative Indo-Sino Naval Development. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. Indelible Name Added to a Roster of Regrets. New York Times, January 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Smyth and Kershaw 2011; Willyard 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smyth and Kershaw 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Nie et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFeminist Legal Studies
AbbreviationFem. Leg. Stud.
ISSN (print)0966-3622
ISSN (online)1572-8455
ScopeGender Studies

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