How to format your references using the Feminist Legal Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Feminist Legal Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, Da-Peng. 2007. Plant science. Signaling to the nucleus with a loaded GUN. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 700–701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prawer, Steven, and Andrew D. Greentree. 2008. Applied physics. Diamond for quantum computing. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320: 1601–1602.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roditi, H. A., N. S. Fisher, and S. A. Sañudo-Wilhelmy. 2000. Uptake of dissolved organic carbon and trace elements by zebra mussels. Nature 407: 78–80.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schutzius, Thomas M., Gustav Graeber, Mohamed Elsharkawy, James Oreluk, and Constantine M. Megaridis. 2014. Morphing and vectoring impacting droplets by means of wettability-engineered surfaces. Scientific reports 4: 7029.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gup, Benton E. 2011. Banking and Financial Institutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Foxwell, Harry J. 2009. Pro OpenSolaris: A New Open Source OS for Linux Developers and Administrators. Edited by Christine Tran. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Chabaud, Didier, Arnaud Lavit d’Hautefort, and Stéphane Saussier. 2011. Incentives and Control in Company-Owned Versus Franchised Outlets: An Empirical Study at the Chain Level. In New Developments in the Theory of Networks: Franchising, Alliances and Cooperatives, ed. Mika Tuunanen, Josef Windsperger, Gérard Cliquet, and George Hendrikse, 59–74. Contributions to Management Science. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Feminist Legal Studies.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2017. Health Check: Does My Brain Really Freeze When I Eat Ice Cream? IFLScience. IFLScience. January 4.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Telecommunications: History and Current Issues Related to Radio Spectrum Management. GAO-02-814T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prophete, Karline S. 2013. How race, gender, and Pell status affect the persistence and degree attainment rates of dual enrollment students. Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nordland, Rod. 2017. Russia Signs Agreement Expanding Syrian Bases. New York Times, January 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang 2007; Prawer and Greentree 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prawer and Greentree 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Schutzius et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFeminist Legal Studies
AbbreviationFem. Leg. Stud.
ISSN (print)0966-3622
ISSN (online)1572-8455
ScopeGender Studies

Other styles