How to format your references using the Family Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Family Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, R. (2007). Chemistry in context. Nature, 446(7134), 464–465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lohmann, U., & Lesins, G. (2002). Stronger constraints on the anthropogenic indirect aerosol effect. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5595), 1012–1015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, Q.-P., Yang, C.-P., & Zheng, S.-B. (2014). Fast and simple scheme for generating NOON states of photons in circuit QED. Scientific Reports, 4, 3898.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Das, G., Chirumamilla, M., Toma, A., Gopalakrishnan, A., Zaccaria, R. P., Alabastri, A., Leoncini, M., & Di Fabrizio, E. (2013). Plasmon based biosensor for distinguishing different peptides mutation states. Scientific Reports, 3, 1792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kasper, S., & Montgomery, S. (2013). Treatment-resistant Depression. John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Prabhu, A. (2016). Introducing Materialize (A. Shenoy, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Ames, M., & Burcon, S. (2016). Selling Weddings and Producing Brides: Mediated Portrayals of That ‘Perfect Day.’ In S. Burcon (Ed.), How Pop Culture Shapes the Stages of a Woman’s Life: From Toddlers-in-Tiaras to Cougars-on-the-Prowl (pp. 85–104). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Family Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 5). Magnetic Fields Can Be As Strong As Black Holes’ Gravity. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Space Exploration: NASA’s Deep Space Missions Are Experiencing Long Delays (NSIAD-88-128BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vickovic, S. G. (2010). Medical marijuana and the media [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, J. F. (2016, September 22). The Next Hot Start-Up Benefit Could Be a 401(k). New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewis, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lewis, 2007; Lohmann & Lesins, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lohmann & Lesins, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Su et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Das et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFamily Science
AbbreviationFam. Sci.
ISSN (print)1942-4620
ISSN (online)1942-4639
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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