How to format your references using the Family Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Family Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V. (2015). Tissue engineering: Organs from the lab. Nature, 522(7556), 373–377.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, R. M., & Kanamori, H. (2003). The potential for earthquake early warning in southern California. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5620), 786–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, S. A., Simoes-Costa, M., & Bronner, M. E. (2015). Evolution of vertebrates as viewed from the crest. Nature, 520(7548), 474–482.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Perez, F. F., Fontela, M., García-Ibáñez, M. I., Mercier, H., Velo, A., Lherminier, P., Zunino, P., de la Paz, M., Alonso-Pérez, F., Guallart, E. F., & Padin, X. A. (2018). Meridional overturning circulation conveys fast acidification to the deep Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 554(7693), 515–518.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenberger, W. R. (2005). Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kubátová, H., Hochberger, C., Daněk, M., & Sick, B. (Eds.). (2013). Architecture of Computing Systems – ARCS 2013: 26th International Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, February 19-22, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7767). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Girsang, I. P., & Dhupia, J. S. (2015). Machine Tools for Machining. In A. Y. C. Nee (Ed.), Handbook of Manufacturing Engineering and Technology (pp. 811–865). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Family Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 24). The Horrifying Reason That Your Eyes Go Red In The Pool. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). [Comments on NASA Agreement With Firm for Commercial Launch Services] (B-223684). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Niedringhaus, B. (2012). Best Practice in Early Reading Intervention: Implementing a Reading Intervention Program to Reach Below Level Readers [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, April 21). Rangers Fans Had Something to Prove. New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Allen & Kanamori, 2003; Marx, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allen & Kanamori, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Green et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Perez et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFamily Science
AbbreviationFam. Sci.
ISSN (print)1942-4620
ISSN (online)1942-4639
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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