How to format your references using the Family Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Family Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sosnick, T. R. (2004). Comment on “Force-clamp spectroscopy monitors the folding trajectory of a single protein.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5695), 411; author reply 411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacak, B. V., & Müller, B. (2012). The exploration of hot nuclear matter. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6092), 310–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pasham, D. R., Strohmayer, T. E., & Mushotzky, R. F. (2014). A 400-solar-mass black hole in the galaxy M82. Nature, 513(7516), 74–76.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, B., Zhou, Y. T., Chen, D., & Ma, X. L. (2013). Local decomposition induced by dislocation motions inside precipitates in an Al-alloy. Scientific Reports, 3, 1039.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Omura, Y., Mallik, A., & Matsuo, N. (2016). MOS Devices for Low-Voltage and Low-Energy Applications. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Tsesis, I. (Ed.). (2014). Complications in Endodontic Surgery: Prevention, Identification and Management. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wong, K., Leung, K., Kwan, R., & Tsang, P. (2010). E-Learning: Developing a Simple Web-Based Intelligent Tutoring System Using Cognitive Diagnostic Assessment and Adaptive Testing Technology. In P. Tsang, S. K. S. Cheung, V. S. K. Lee, & R. Huang (Eds.), Hybrid Learning: Third International Conference, ICHL 2010, Beijing, China, August 16-18, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 23–34). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Family Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 14). Supernovae Might Help Supermassive Black Holes Grow. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Youth Job Training: Problems Measuring Attainment of Employment Competencies (HRD-87-33). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Underwood, V. L. (2010). The effect of guided reading instruction on reading achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012, August 24). Creditors of Stockton Fight City Over Pension Funding While in Bankruptcy. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sosnick, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jacak & Müller, 2012; Sosnick, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacak & Müller, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Pasham et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFamily Science
AbbreviationFam. Sci.
ISSN (print)1942-4620
ISSN (online)1942-4639
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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