How to format your references using the Clinical Research in Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Research in Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Baird BN (2006) Comment on “Post-wildfire logging hinders regeneration and increases fire risk.” Science 313:615; author reply 615
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Knauth LP, Kennedy MJ (2009) The late Precambrian greening of the Earth. Nature 460:728–732
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ochman H, Lawrence JG, Groisman EA (2000) Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation. Nature 405:299–304
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Meyers D, Mukherjee S, Cheng J-G, et al (2013) Zhang-Rice physics and anomalous copper states in A-site ordered perovskites. Sci Rep 3:1834

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Louis J-P (2011) Control of Synchronous Motors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Vassilopoulos AP (2011) Fatigue of Fiber-reinforced Composites. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Banshchikov AV (2015) Research on the Stability of Relative Equilibria of Oblate Axisymmetric Gyrostat by Means of Symbolic-Numerical Modelling. In: Gerdt VP, Koepf W, Seiler WM, Vorozhtsov EV (eds) Computer Algebra in Scientific Computing: 17th International Workshop, CASC 2015, Aachen, Germany, September 14-18, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Research in Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Glacial Meltwater on Martian Volcano May Have Harbored Life. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/glacial-meltwater-martian-volcano-may-have-harbored-life/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1993) Educational Achievement Standards: NAGB’s Approach Yields Misleading Interpretations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Packer-Kinlaw D (2012) Anxious journeys: Past, present, and construction of identity in American travel writing. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J, Maheshwari S (2017) CBS Woos Sponsors With Energetic Pitch By a Surging Colbert. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Research in Cardiology
AbbreviationClin. Res. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1861-0684
ISSN (online)1861-0692
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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