How to format your references using the Clinical Research in Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Research in Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stankiewicz BA (2003) Integration of geoscience and engineering in the oil industry - just a dream? Nature 426:360–363
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Martin SG, Berthelot-Grosjean M (2009) Polar gradients of the DYRK-family kinase Pom1 couple cell length with the cell cycle. Nature 459:852–856
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Humanes-Valera D, Foffani G, Aguilar J (2014) Increased cortical responses to forepaw stimuli immediately after peripheral deafferentation of hindpaw inputs. Sci Rep 4:7278
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Al-Amoudi A, Díez DC, Betts MJ, Frangakis AS (2007) The molecular architecture of cadherins in native epidermal desmosomes. Nature 450:832–837

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sestina JE (2016) Planning a Successful Future. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Noor TH (2014) Trust Management in Cloud Services. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gieskes WWC, Leterme SC, Peletier H, et al (2007) Phaeocystis colony distribution in the North Atlantic Ocean since 1948, and interpretation of long-term changes in the Phaeocystis hotspot in the North Sea. In: Leeuwe MA van, Stefels J, Belviso S, et al (eds) Phaeocystis, major link in the biogeochemical cycling of climate-relevant elements. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 49–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Research in Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Taub B (2015) Gene Editing Saves The Life Of Baby Girl With Terminal Cancer. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/baby-girl-has-terminal-cancer-reversed-using-gene-edited-immune-cells/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1983) [Perspectives on Evaluating Federally Sponsored Research and Development in the United States]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Yudell M (2008) Making race: Biology and the evolution of the race concept in 20th century American thought. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J (2017) Fittingly, a Frank Finale for ‘Girls.’ New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Research in Cardiology
AbbreviationClin. Res. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1861-0684
ISSN (online)1861-0692
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles