How to format your references using the Clinical Research in Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Research in Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rietbrock A (2007) Geophysics. Listening to the crackle of subducting oceanic plates. Science 316:1439–1440
A journal article with 2 authors
Gronke K, Diefenbach A (2015) Regenerative biology: Innate immunity repairs gut lining. Nature 528:488–489
A journal article with 3 authors
Santer BD, Wigley TML, Taylor KE (2011) The reproducibility of observational estimates of surface and atmospheric temperature change. Science 334:1232–1233
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cho J-Y, Tse MK, Holmes D, et al (2002) Remarkably selective iridium catalysts for the elaboration of aromatic C-H bonds. Science 295:305–308

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Loveland WD, Morrissey DJ, Seaborg GT (2005) Modern Nuclear Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Clair RP (2013) Zombie Seed and the Butterfly Blues: A Case of Social Justice. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Stanciulescu A, Vanderdonckt J (2007) Design Options for Multimodal Web Applications. In: Calvary G, Pribeanu C, Santucci G, Vanderdonckt J (eds) Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces V. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 41–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Research in Cardiology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) DARPA Wants “Vampire Drones” That Vanish In Sunlight. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) World Wide Web Sites: Reported by 42 Federal Organizations (Supplement to Internet and Electronic Dial-Up Bulletin Board System Activities: Information Reported by Federal Organizations). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson PM (2012) Persistent Genomic Consequences of Prenatal Nicotine Exposure Measured in Adolescent Rat Brain. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D (1990) STEAL THIS REVIEW. New York Times 719

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Research in Cardiology
AbbreviationClin. Res. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1861-0684
ISSN (online)1861-0692
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles