How to format your references using the Bioorganic Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioorganic Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.D. Jiggins, Evolutionary biology: Radiating genomes, Nature. 513 (2014) 318–319.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Kaasik, C.C. Lee, Reciprocal regulation of haem biosynthesis and the circadian clock in mammals, Nature. 430 (2004) 467–471.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.S. Yi, M. Du, A.J. Zajac, A vital role for interleukin-21 in the control of a chronic viral infection, Science. 324 (2009) 1572–1576.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Bao, I.J. Fairchild, P.M. Wynn, C. Spötl, Stretching the envelope of past surface environments: Neoproterozoic glacial lakes from Svalbard, Science. 323 (2009) 119–122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Brown, G.J. Andrews, S. Cummins, B. Greenhough, D. Lewis, A. Power, Health Geographies, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
S. Klingebiel, T. Mahn, M. Negre, eds., The Fragmentation of Aid: Concepts, Measurements and Implications for Development Cooperation, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Reiter, Spreading of Liquids on Substrates, in: L.F.M. da Silva, A. Öchsner, R.D. Adams (Eds.), Handbook of Adhesion Technology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 93–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioorganic Chemistry.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Antimicrobial Material Could Help 3D-Printed Body Parts Resist Infection, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Use of Fixed-Price Contracts for the Procurement of Studies and Investigations of Research and Development Matters, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.J. Ballard, Frequent factors for psychiatric hospital readmission, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, What Did Chekhov Know? Quite a Lot, New York Times. (2016) AR24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioorganic Chemistry
AbbreviationBioorg. Chem.
ISSN (print)0045-2068
Molecular Biology
Organic Chemistry
Drug Discovery

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