How to format your references using the Bioorganic Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioorganic Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Wara, Is the global carbon market working?, Nature. 445 (2007) 595–596.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.P. Rauschecker, R.V. Shannon, Sending sound to the brain, Science. 295 (2002) 1025–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Kelbert, A. Schultz, G. Egbert, Global electromagnetic induction constraints on transition-zone water content variations, Nature. 460 (2009) 1003–1006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.W. Bird, D.Y. Yu, M.G. Pray-Grant, Q. Qiu, K.E. Harmon, P.C. Megee, P.A. Grant, M.M. Smith, M.F. Christman, Acetylation of histone H4 by Esa1 is required for DNA double-strand break repair, Nature. 419 (2002) 411–415.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P.W. Corrigan, D. Roe, H.W.H. Tsang, Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
C. Benson, Language Issues in Comparative Education: Inclusive Teaching and Learning in Non-Dominant Languages and Cultures, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Jones, J.F. Woglom, More on Nomos, in: J.F. Woglom (Ed.), On Mutant Pedagogies: Seeking Justice and Drawing Change in Teacher Education, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2016: pp. 71–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioorganic Chemistry.

Blog post
J. Fang, Prehistoric Kangaroos Were Hop-Less, Walking Giants, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Administration for Children, Youth, and Families: Need To Better Use Its Research Results and Clarify Its Role, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.H. Spencer, Exploring the impact of problem -focused case writing pedagogy on novice teachers’ beliefs and practices concerning effective instructional intervention for young children and families, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Jeter, J.E. Bromwich, N. Chokshi, Wildfires Force Thousands to Flee in East Tennessee, New York Times. (2016) A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioorganic Chemistry
AbbreviationBioorg. Chem.
ISSN (print)0045-2068
Molecular Biology
Organic Chemistry
Drug Discovery

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