How to format your references using the Family Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Family Business Review (FBR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2007). Brain storm. Nature, 450(7166), 130–131.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duret, L., & Galtier, N. (2009). Comment on “Human-specific gain of function in a developmental enhancer.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5915), 714; author reply 714.
A journal article with 3 authors
Terry, L. J., Shows, E. B., & Wente, S. R. (2007). Crossing the nuclear envelope: hierarchical regulation of nucleocytoplasmic transport. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5855), 1412–1416.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Scantlebury, M., Speakman, J. R., Oosthuizen, M. K., Roper, T. J., & Bennett, N. C. (2006). Energetics reveals physiologically distinct castes in a eusocial mammal. Nature, 440(7085), 795–797.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carne, E. B. (2011). Connections for the Digital Age. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Panosso Netto, A., & Trigo, L. G. G. (Eds.). (2015). Tourism in Latin America: Cases of Success. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ardabili, P. N., & Liu, M. (2012). Establishing Network Reputation via Mechanism Design. In V. Krishnamurthy, Q. Zhao, M. Huang, & Y. Wen (Eds.), Game Theory for Networks: Third International ICST Conference, GameNets 2012, Vancouver, BC, Canada, May 24-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 47–62). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Family Business Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, May 25). New NASA Budget Would Cut Manned Asteroid Mission But Fund Journey To Alpha Centauri. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Amtrak: Improved Management and Controls over Food and Beverage Service Needed (No. GAO-05-867). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villagomez, G. C. (2017). Helping Foster Parents and Kinship Caregivers Support High School Graduation for Children in Their Care: A Self-Instructional Workbook (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2016, December 15). Trump Puts Barometers of Wall St. to the Test. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Duret & Galtier, 2009; Smaglik, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duret & Galtier, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Terry, Shows, & Wente, 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Scantlebury et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFamily Business Review
AbbreviationFam. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)0894-4865
ISSN (online)1741-6248
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

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