How to format your references using the Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America (FSC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wirth BD. Materials science. How does radiation damage materials? Science 2007;318(5852):923–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Koch C., Crick F. The zombie within. Nature 2001;411(6840):893.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Salvadori MR., Nascimento CAO., Corrêa B. Nickel oxide nanoparticles film produced by dead biomass of filamentous fungus. Sci Rep 2014;4:6404.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Garzione CN., Hoke GD., Libarkin JC., et al. Rise of the Andes. Science 2008;320(5881):1304–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Goldberger AL., Goldberger ZD. Becoming a Consummate Clinician. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Ganascia J-G., Lenca P., Petit J-M. Discovery Science: 15th International Conference, DS 2012, Lyon, France, October 29-31, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7569. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hoffmann D., Weggenmann D. Climate Change Induced Glacier Retreat and Risk Management: Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) in the Apolobamba Mountain Range, Bolivia. In: Leal Filho W, editor. Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Climate Change Could Wipe Out 60 Percent Of Adélie Penguins This Century, Study Finds. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/climate-change-could-wipe-out-60-percent-of-adlie-penguins-this-century-study-finds/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Spectrum Management: NTIA Planning and Processes Need Strengthening to Promote the Efficient Use of Spectrum by Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Engel SM. Proform-antecedent linking in listeners with language impairments and unimpaired listeners. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Justices, in Bias Case, Rule for Older Workers. New York Times 2008:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFacial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
AbbreviationFacial Plast. Surg. Clin. North Am.
ISSN (print)1064-7406
ISSN (online)1558-1926
ScopeSurgery

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