How to format your references using the Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America (FSC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Perrin S. Preclinical research: Make mouse studies work. Nature 2014;507(7493):423–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Clardy J., Walsh C. Lessons from natural molecules. Nature 2004;432(7019):829–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Niemeier D., Gombachika H., Richards-Kortum R. How to transform the practice of engineering to meet global health needs. Science 2014;345(6202):1287–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Myatt CJ., King BE., Turchette QA., et al. Decoherence of quantum superpositions through coupling to engineered reservoirs. Nature 2000;403(6767):269–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pachamanova DA., Fabozzi FJ. Portfolio Construction and Analytics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Liwo A. Computational Methods to Study the Structure and Dynamics of Biomolecules and Biomolecular Processes: From Bioinformatics to Molecular Quantum Mechanics. vol. 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Greisen P., Schaffner M., Luu D., et al. Spatially-Varying Image Warping: Evaluations and VLSI Implementations. In: Burg A, Coṣkun A, Guthaus M, Katkoori S, and Reis R, editors. VLSI-SoC: From Algorithms to Circuits and System-on-Chip Design: 20th IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2012, Santa Cruz, CA, USA, October 7-10, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 64–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How To Run A Marathon (Hint: It’s All In The Mind). IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/how-run-marathon-hint-it-s-all-mind/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Agencies Must Act Quickly to Address Risks That Jeopardize the Continuity of Weather and Climate Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Evans AM. Long-Term Sustainability of Surgical Operational Improvements Post Consultancy: A Multiple Case Study Analysis. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. A.I.G. Seeks Approval To File More Bank Suits. New York Times 2013:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFacial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
AbbreviationFacial Plast. Surg. Clin. North Am.
ISSN (print)1064-7406
ISSN (online)1558-1926
ScopeSurgery

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