How to format your references using the Sexually Transmitted Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexually Transmitted Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Postle K. Close before opening. Science. 2002 Mar 1;295(5560):1658–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gomes CP, Selman B. Computer science. Satisfied with physics. Science. 2002 Aug 2;297(5582):784–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Losos JB, Schoener TW, Spiller DA. Predator-induced behaviour shifts and natural selection in field-experimental lizard populations. Nature. 2004 Nov 25;432(7016):505–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Guo Z, Maki M, Ding R, Yang Y, Zhang B, Xiong L. Genome-wide survey of tissue-specific microRNA and transcription factor regulatory networks in 12 tissues. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 3;4:5150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Benchaib A. Advanced Control of AC/DC Power Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Knapp C, Madden V, Fowler-Kerry S, editors. Pediatric Palliative Care: Global Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. XXVI, 458 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rosencrantz H. Policy Objectives and the Functions of Transport Systems. In: Vries MJ de, Hansson SO, Meijers AWM, editors. Norms in Technology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 67–82. (Philosophy of Engineering and Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. 98 Never-Before-Seen Beetle Species Discovered in Indonesia [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/98-never-seen-beetle-species-discovered-indonesia/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Public Works Consolidation: Jacksonville Naval Public Works Consolidation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Dec. Report No.: NSIAD-93-76FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Johnson DM. Prison nursery programs: Measuring society’s perceptions and support [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. At This Park, There’s No Such Thing as a Free Bench. New York Times. 2000 Jul 23;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSexually Transmitted Diseases
AbbreviationSex. Transm. Dis.
ISSN (print)0148-5717
ISSN (online)1537-4521
ScopeDermatology
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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