How to format your references using the Sexually Transmitted Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexually Transmitted Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Garrett L. Global health hits crisis point. Nature. 2012 Feb 1;482(7383):7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stoeckle MY, Coffran C. TreeParser-aided Klee diagrams display taxonomic clusters in DNA barcode and nuclear gene datasets. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2635.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mossinger J, White M, Goymer P. Coastal regions. Nature. 2013 Dec 5;504(7478):35.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Weavers H, Prieto-Sánchez S, Grawe F, Garcia-López A, Artero R, Wilsch-Bräuninger M, et al. The insect nephrocyte is a podocyte-like cell with a filtration slit diaphragm. Nature. 2009 Jan 15;457(7227):322–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rim CT, Mi C. Wireless Power Transfer for Electric Vehicles and Mobile Devices. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Bouguettaya A. Access to Mobile Services. Yang X, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. XVIII, 137 p. 41 illus. (Advances in Database Systems; vol. 38).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Brandt C. Anxiety. In: Mula M, editor. Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Epilepsy. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 53–67. (Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Neurological Disease).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. DNA Results Suggest Kennewick Man Was Native American. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Management of Northeast Corridor Improvements Demonstrates Need for Applying Best Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Feb. Report No.: GAO-04-94.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ehsani S. Design of a Teleoperation – Based Robotic Surgical System [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG. A Comics Confab That Never Ends. New York Times. 2016 Mar 17;F30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSexually Transmitted Diseases
AbbreviationSex. Transm. Dis.
ISSN (print)0148-5717
ISSN (online)1537-4521
ScopeDermatology
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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