How to format your references using the Renal Replacement Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renal Replacement Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Oh S. Physics. The complete quantum Hall trio. Science. 2013;340:153–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Phadnis N, Orr HA. A single gene causes both male sterility and segregation distortion in Drosophila hybrids. Science. 2009;323:376–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dieterich J, Cayol V, Okubo P. The use of earthquake rate changes as a stress meter at Kilauea volcano. Nature. 2000;408:457–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Nourbakhsh I, Sargent R, Wright A, Cramer K, McClendon B, Jones M. Mapping disaster zones. Nature. 2006;439:787–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Goldberger AL, Goldberger ZD. Becoming a Consummate Clinician. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Wang J, Xiong H, Ishikawa Y, Xu J, Zhou J, editors. Web-Age Information Management: 14th International Conference, WAIM 2013, Beidaihe, China, June 14-16, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Iwai K. Linear Polyubiquitination: A Crucial Regulator of NF-κB Activation. In: Nakao K, Minato N, Uemoto S, editors. Innovative Medicine: Basic Research and Development. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015. p. 51–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renal Replacement Therapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. BREAKING: NASA-Contracted Rocket Explodes Shortly After Take-Off. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Institutional Aid Under Title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Jul. Report No.: 127541.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Garfield-Kabbara JN. Through the Portal of Shame: A Path Toward Self-Love for Fatherless Daughters Living in Patriarchy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices Reject Suit on Federal Money for Faith-Based Office. New York Times. 2007 Jun 26;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRenal Replacement Therapy
AbbreviationRen. Replace. Ther.
ISSN (online)2059-1381
Scope

Other styles