How to format your references using the Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blake DT (2012) Neuroscience: how brains learn to control machines. Nature 483:284–285
A journal article with 2 authors
Clarke CF, Allan CM (2015) Biochemistry: Unexpected role for vitamin B2. Nature 522:427–428
A journal article with 3 authors
Opher M, Stone EC, Gombosi TI (2007) The orientation of the local interstellar magnetic field. Science 316:875–878
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Stelling J, Klamt S, Bettenbrock K, et al (2002) Metabolic network structure determines key aspects of functionality and regulation. Nature 420:190–193

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bass F (2013) Guide to the Census. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lüttge U, Beck E, Bartels D (eds) (2011) Plant Desiccation Tolerance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Nava S, Fanfulla F (2010) Le interfacce per NIV. In: Fanfulla F (ed) Ventilazione meccanica non invasiva: Come, quando e perché. Springer, Milano, pp 15–19

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Vultures In Crisis: Poachers And Poison Threaten Nature’s Garbage Disposers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Intercity Passenger Rail: Recording Clearer Reasons for Awards Decisions Would Improve Otherwise Good Grantmaking Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park JK (2012) Target Identification, Therapeutic Application and Maturation Mechanism of microRNAs. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2014) Weary of War and Ready to Laugh. New York Times C32

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blake 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Blake 2012; Clarke and Allan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clarke and Allan 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Stelling et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology
AbbreviationTheor. Exp. Plant Physiol.
ISSN (online)2197-0025

Other styles