How to format your references using the Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mazur E (2009) Education. Farewell, lecture? Science 323:50–51
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegde D, Mowery DC (2008) Research funding. Politics and funding in the U.S. public biomedical R&D system. Science 322:1797–1798
A journal article with 3 authors
Rignot E, Mouginot J, Scheuchl B (2011) Ice flow of the Antarctic ice sheet. Science 333:1427–1430
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Han Q, Hsieh Y-T, Meng L, et al (2018) High-performance perovskite/Cu(In,Ga)Se2 monolithic tandem solar cells. Science 361:904–908

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bosq D, Blanke D (2007) Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions: Bosq/Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Abdelgawad A (2012) Resource-Aware Data Fusion Algorithms for Wireless Sensor Networks. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Selvan ME, Keffer DJ (2010) Molecular-Level Modeling of the Structure and Proton Transport within the Membrane Electrode Assembly of Hydrogen Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. In: Balbuena PB, Subramanian VR (eds) Theory and Experiment in Electrocatalysis. Springer, New York, NY, pp 133–202

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Bilateral gynandromorphs - animals that are quite literally, half male and half female. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Survey of Selected Computer-Based Information Systems at the Food and Drug Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dizon F (2017) Treatment and Return to Play of Three Runners with Bone Stress Injury and/or Other Traits of a Male-Version of the Female Athlete Triad: A Case Series. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Supreme Court Weighs The Meaning of ‘Obvious.’ New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mazur 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Hegde and Mowery 2008; Mazur 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegde and Mowery 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology
AbbreviationTheor. Exp. Plant Physiol.
ISSN (online)2197-0025

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