How to format your references using the Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donnelly P (2011) Genome-sequencing anniversary. Making sense of the data. Science 331:1024–1025
A journal article with 2 authors
Devoret MH, Schoelkopf RJ (2013) Superconducting circuits for quantum information: an outlook. Science 339:1169–1174
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta G, Jalil MBA, Liang G (2014) Evaluation of mobility in thin Bi2Se3 topological insulator for prospects of local electrical interconnects. Sci Rep 4:6838
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Willerslev E, Hansen AJ, Binladen J, et al (2003) Diverse plant and animal genetic records from Holocene and Pleistocene sediments. Science 300:791–795

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams AE (2011) Immunology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bhushan B (ed) (2007) Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology, 2nd revised and extended edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ben T, Qiu S (2014) Carbon Dioxide Capture in Porous Aromatic Frameworks. In: Lu A-H, Dai S (eds) Porous Materials for Carbon Dioxide Capture. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 115–142

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) What Would Happen If The International Space Station Was Hit By A Meteoroid? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Manned Undersea Science and Technology Needs Focus and Direction. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tanag HB (2017) Building bridges of hope after loss: A self-directed workbook for foster parents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Cabrera Puts End to Wild Game With 1 1th-Inning Homer. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donnelly 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Donnelly 2011; Devoret and Schoelkopf 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Devoret and Schoelkopf 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Willerslev et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology
AbbreviationTheor. Exp. Plant Physiol.
ISSN (online)2197-0025

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