How to format your references using the Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flückiger J (2008) Climate change. Did you say “fast”? Science 321:650–651
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao L-Z, Innan H (2004) Very low gene duplication rate in the yeast genome. Science 306:1367–1370
A journal article with 3 authors
Finnegan NJ, Schumer R, Finnegan S (2014) A signature of transience in bedrock river incision rates over timescales of 10(4)-10(7) years. Nature 505:391–394
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kurpiers P, Magnard P, Walter T, et al (2018) Deterministic quantum state transfer and remote entanglement using microwave photons. Nature 558:264–267

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lenk R, Lenk C (2011) Practical Lighting Design With LEDs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ammari H (2013) Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Multistatic Imaging. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Holzinger A, Dorner S, Födinger M, et al (2010) Chances of Increasing Youth Health Awareness through Mobile Wellness Applications. In: Leitner G, Hitz M, Holzinger A (eds) HCI in Work and Learning, Life and Leisure: 6th Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering, USAB 2010, Klagenfurt, Austria, November 4-5, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 71–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Dark Web Drug Dealers Have Been Giving Away Their Locations With Geo-Tagged Photos. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Transportation Safety: Information Concerning Why a 1980 Aircraft Report Was Not Provided Earlier to the National Transportation Safety Board. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denny HM (2012) Impact of Occupational Health Interventions in Indonesia. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) Clash of the Gossip Girls. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Flückiger 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gao and Innan 2004; Flückiger 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gao and Innan 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kurpiers et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology
AbbreviationTheor. Exp. Plant Physiol.
ISSN (online)2197-0025

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