How to format your references using the Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchanan M (2015) Physics in finance: Trading at the speed of light. Nature 518:161–163
A journal article with 2 authors
Braakman I, Otsu M (2008) Biochemistry. Cargo load reduction. Science 321:499–500
A journal article with 3 authors
Linnerooth-Bayer J, Mechler R, Pflug G (2005) Refocusing disaster aid. Science 309:1044–1046
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Crowhurst JC, Goncharov AF, Sadigh B, et al (2006) Synthesis and characterization of the nitrides of platinum and iridium. Science 311:1275–1278

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clayton LA (2010) Bartolomé de las Casas and the Conquest of the Americas. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Arnoldner C (2015) Manual of Otologic Surgery. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Stubberud SC, Teranishi AM (2014) Estimation for Target Tracking Using a Control Theoretic Approach – Part I. In: Swiątek J, Grzech A, Swiątek P, Tomczak JM (eds) Advances in Systems Science: Proceedings of the International Conference on Systems Science 2013 (ICSS 2013). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 35–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Is Nuclear Power Zero-Emission? No, But It Isn’t High-Emission Either. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Federal Funding Provided to 10 Police Departments for Intelligence Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman F (2013) Terra Forming with You and Me. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Latin, Country, Reggaeton: Great Range in Mets’ Playlists. New York Times SP1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goudsmit 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2000; Kulmala 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Braakman and Otsu 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology
AbbreviationTheor. Exp. Plant Physiol.
ISSN (online)2197-0025

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