How to format your references using the Exposure and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Exposure and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice J (2012) Metastasis: The rude awakening. Nature 485:S55-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Paczolt KA, Jones AG (2010) Post-copulatory sexual selection and sexual conflict in the evolution of male pregnancy. Nature 464:401–404
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee D, Lin B-J, Lee AK (2012) Hippocampal place fields emerge upon single-cell manipulation of excitability during behavior. Science 337:849–853
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chung H-Y, Weinberger MB, Levine JB, et al (2007) Synthesis of ultra-incompressible superhard rhenium diboride at ambient pressure. Science 316:436–439

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holsclaw G (2016) Transcending Subjects. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Mor Y, Mellar H, Warburton S, Winters N (eds) (2014) Practical Design Patterns for Teaching and Learning with Technology. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Van M, Kang H-J, Ro Y-S (2012) A Robust Fault Detection and Isolation Scheme for Robot Manipulators Based on Neural Networks. In: Huang D-S, Gan Y, Bevilacqua V, Figueroa JC (eds) Advanced Intelligent Computing: 7th International Conference, ICIC 2011, Zhengzhou, China, August 11-14, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 25–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Exposure and Health.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Enormous Ocean Discovered On Jupiter’s Moon. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Federal Student Aid: Timely Performance Plans and Reports Would Help Guide and Assess Achievement of Default Management Goals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quiroz CA (2012) A community risk assessment of 90032. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Coll S (2016) Way Down Under. New York Times BR20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rice 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Paczolt and Jones 2010; Rice 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paczolt and Jones 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Chung et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleExposure and Health
AbbreviationExpo. Health
ISSN (print)2451-9766
ISSN (online)2451-9685
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Water Science and Technology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles