How to format your references using the Exposure and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Exposure and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp M (2002) Science in culture. Nature 420:364
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevenson IR, Bryant DM (2000) Climate change and constraints on breeding. Nature 406:366–367
A journal article with 3 authors
Clanet C, Hersen F, Bocquet L (2004) Secrets of successful stone-skipping. Nature 427:29
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Charras GT, Yarrow JC, Horton MA, et al (2005) Non-equilibration of hydrostatic pressure in blebbing cells. Nature 435:365–369

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt P, Körber R, Coppers M (2003) Sieben und Siebmaschinen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Wijesundara MBJ (2011) Silicon Carbide Microsystems for Harsh Environments. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Fagan B, Brandenburg R, Crothers L (2013) An Aboriginal Pathway to Learning: My Story. In: Wilson JZ (ed) Pedagogies for the Future: Leading Quality Learning and Teaching in Higher Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 39–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Exposure and Health.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) New Fossil Findings Suggest Color Vision At Least 300 Million-Years-Old. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) EPA Science Advisory Panels: Preliminary Observations on the Processes for Providing Scientific Advice. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dandavate R (2006) Building Cultural Understanding Through Cultural Exchange. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2014) Seeking Stars, Finding Creationism. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kemp 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Stevenson and Bryant 2000; Kemp 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevenson and Bryant 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Charras et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleExposure and Health
AbbreviationExpo. Health
ISSN (print)2451-9766
ISSN (online)2451-9685
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Water Science and Technology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles