How to format your references using the Exposure and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Exposure and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel JM (2012) Evolution. Suppression of sleep for mating. Science 337:1610–1611
A journal article with 2 authors
Magurran AE, Henderson PA (2003) Explaining the excess of rare species in natural species abundance distributions. Nature 422:714–716
A journal article with 3 authors
Bridgham JT, Carroll SM, Thornton JW (2006) Evolution of hormone-receptor complexity by molecular exploitation. Science 312:97–101
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu R, Chen Q, Dong B, Yu F (2014) Effects of vegetative propagule pressure on the establishment of an introduced clonal plant, Hydrocotyle vulgaris. Sci Rep 4:5507

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Poltorak AI, Lerner PJ (2011) Essentials of Intellectual Property. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Conti N (2016) Citizens, Europe and the Media: Have New Media made Citizens more Eurosceptical? Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Yasuda T, Sakurai K, Takagi T (2012) Reducing the Key Size of Rainbow Using Non-commutative Rings. In: Dunkelman O (ed) Topics in Cryptology – CT-RSA 2012: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2012, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 27 – March 2, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 68–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Exposure and Health.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) 40,000-Year-Old Human Had Neanderthal Great-Great-Grandparent. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/40000-year-old-human-had-neanderthal-great-great-grandparent/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Desert Shield and Desert Storm Reports and Testimonies: 1991-93. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verderame N (2013) An educational curriculum for registered dietitians to educate obese patients on the nutrition approach for stress management. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2016) A Hot Spot for River Otters? The Latrine. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegel 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Magurran and Henderson 2003; Siegel 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Magurran and Henderson 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleExposure and Health
AbbreviationExpo. Health
ISSN (print)2451-9766
ISSN (online)2451-9685
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Pollution
Water Science and Technology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles