How to format your references using the Exposure and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Exposure and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Matheson RR Jr (2002) 20th- to 21st-century technological challenges in soft coatings. Science 297:976–979
A journal article with 2 authors
Milne S, Hinde R (2005) Obituary: Joseph Rotblat 1908-2005. Nature 437:634
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldblatt C, Lenton TM, Watson AJ (2006) Bistability of atmospheric oxygen and the Great Oxidation. Nature 443:683–686
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lebreton A, Lakisic G, Job V, et al (2011) A bacterial protein targets the BAHD1 chromatin complex to stimulate type III interferon response. Science 331:1319–1321

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schlechty PC (2009) Leading for Learning. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
Fagagna FD di, Chiocca S, McBlane F, Cavallaro U (eds) (2007) Advances in Molecular Oncology: Edited under the auspices of the European Institute of Oncology (IEO) and The FIRC Institute of Molecular Oncology Foundation (IFOM). Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Popa VI, Stingu AP, Volf I (2010) Lignins and Polyphenols in Bioremediation. In: Fulekar MH (ed) Bioremediation Technology: Recent Advances. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 100–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Exposure and Health.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Japan Banned From Antarctic Whaling. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) ADP Systems: Concerns About the Acquisition Plan for DOD’s Composite Health Care System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laird EC (2012) Training social workers to use solution-focused interviewing with Child Protective Services clients: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herzlinger M (2017) Day Out for Dad and Daughter. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Matheson 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Matheson 2002; Milne and Hinde 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milne and Hinde 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lebreton et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleExposure and Health
AbbreviationExpo. Health
ISSN (print)2451-9766
ISSN (online)2451-9685
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Water Science and Technology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles