How to format your references using the Exposure and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Exposure and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hilser VJ (2010) Biochemistry. An ensemble view of allostery. Science 327:653–654
A journal article with 2 authors
Shine KP, Sturges WT (2007) Atmospheric science. CO2 is not the only gas. Science 315:1804–1805
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloom DE, Canning D, Fink G (2008) Urbanization and the wealth of nations. Science 319:772–775
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kovacs JJ, Whalen EJ, Liu R, et al (2008) Beta-arrestin-mediated localization of smoothened to the primary cilium. Science 320:1777–1781

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pompian MM (2009) Advising Ultra-Affluent Clients and Family Offices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wild A (ed) (2012) CAS and Football: Landmark Cases. T. M. C. Asser Press, The Hague, The Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Kalinin AP, Pavlov AV, Alexandrov YK, et al (2013) Image-Guided Minimally Invasive Modalities in Surgical Treatment of Parathyroid Diseases. In: Pavlov AV, Alexandrov YK, Kotova IV, et al. (eds) The Parathyroid Glands: Imaging and Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 125–143

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Exposure and Health.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) How Much Gold and Silver Is Hidden Within Volcanoes? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson AC (2017) A Geophysical and Geological Characterization of the Bonanza 3D Survey, Claiborne Group, Saint Landry and Evangeline Parishes, Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J (2016) World Order, in a Nutshell. New York Times SP13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hilser 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Shine and Sturges 2007; Hilser 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shine and Sturges 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kovacs et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleExposure and Health
AbbreviationExpo. Health
ISSN (print)2451-9766
ISSN (online)2451-9685
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Water Science and Technology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles