How to format your references using the IEEE Wireless Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Wireless Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Slonczewski, “Tuberculosis bacteria join UN,” Nature, vol. 405, no. 6790, p. 1001, Jun. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. D. Logan and M. J. C. Crump, “Cognitive illusions of authorship reveal hierarchical error detection in skilled typists,” Science, vol. 330, no. 6004, pp. 683–686, Oct. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. E. Smith, M. T. Zuber, and G. A. Neumann, “Seasonal variations of snow depth on Mars,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5549, pp. 2141–2146, Dec. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Pasqualucci et al., “Hypermutation of multiple proto-oncogenes in B-cell diffuse large-cell lymphomas,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6844, pp. 341–346, Jul. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. A. Juhnke, D. H. Granello, and P. F. Granello, Suicide, Self-Injury, and Violence in the Schools. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
V. Kůrková, R. Neruda, and J. Koutník, Eds., Artificial Neural Networks - ICANN 2008: 18th International Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, September 3-6, 2008, Proceedings, Part I, vol. 5163. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
N. D. Hartlep and D. P. Scott, “High School,” in Asian/American Curricular Epistemicide: From Being Excluded to Becoming a Model Minority, D. P. Scott, Ed. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2016, pp. 69–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Wireless Communications.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Genetic Map Of Mutations That Lead To Breast Cancer Unveiled,” IFLScience, 03-May-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “FCC: Non-Voice, Non-Geostationary Mobile Satellite Service,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OGC-98-11, Nov. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. D. Heffner, “Informing Decision-Making for Derailments Involving Hazmat: An Analysis of Phmsa Train Accident Data,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Eligon and S. Cacciola, “Player’s Protest Revives a Spirit of Activism From the Days of Ali,” New York Times, p. A1, 12-Sep-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Wireless Communications
AbbreviationIEEE Wirel. Commun.
ISSN (print)1536-1284
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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