How to format your references using the IEEE Wireless Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Wireless Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. A. Fidock, “Microbiology. Eliminating malaria,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6140, pp. 1531–1533, Jun. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. J. Milligan and F. M. M. Morel, “A proton buffering role for silica in diatoms,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5588, pp. 1848–1850, Sep. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Fotso, K. Mikelsons, and J. K. Freericks, “Thermalization of field driven quantum systems,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4699, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. N. Edmonds et al., “Discovery of abundant hydrothermal venting on the ultraslow-spreading Gakkel ridge in the Arctic Ocean,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6920, pp. 252–256, Jan. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Levy and B. Levin, The Biostatistics of Aging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014.
An edited book
F. Bronner, M. C. Farach-Carson, and A. G. Mikos, Eds., Engineering of Functional Skeletal Tissues, vol. 3. London: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Macalister, “Adapting and Adopting Materials,” in Issues in Materials Development, M. Azarnoosh, M. Zeraatpishe, A. Faravani, and H. R. Kargozari, Eds. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2016, pp. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Wireless Communications.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Supercomputer Network Employed To Shed Light On The Dark Universe,” IFLScience, Nov. 25, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Energy Research and Development Administration’s Accounting System for Accounts Receivable,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, FGMSD-77-25, Jun. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. A. Hasbini, “The Great Recession of 2007 and the Housing Market Crash: Why Did So Many Builders Fail? Lessons for the Local Homebuilding Industry,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. P. Dwyer, “Workers Warm to Contract Jobs,” New York Times, p. 104, Jan. 22, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Wireless Communications
AbbreviationIEEE Wirel. Commun.
ISSN (print)1536-1284
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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