How to format your references using the IEEE Wireless Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Wireless Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Schoof, “Ice-sheet acceleration driven by melt supply variability,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7325, pp. 803–806, Dec. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. D. Cassidy and M. Narita, “CELL BIOLOGY. GATA get a hold on senescence,” Science, vol. 349, no. 6255, pp. 1448–1449, Sep. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. S. Vieira-Pires, A. Szollosi, and J. H. Morais-Cabral, “The structure of the KtrAB potassium transporter,” Nature, vol. 496, no. 7445, pp. 323–328, Apr. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X.-J. Wang et al., “A rationally designed nitrogen-rich metal-organic framework and its exceptionally high CO(2) and H(2) uptake capability,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1149, Jan. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Avdeef, Absorption and Drug Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
S. Stanković, Multimedia Signals and Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Jain and S. Krishna, “Can We Recognize an Innovation? Perspective from an Evolving Network Model,” in Principles of Evolution: From the Planck Epoch to Complex Multicellular Life, H. Meyer-Ortmanns and S. Thurner, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 145–172.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Wireless Communications.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “How We Caught The First Glimpse Of Weather On a Faraway Gas Giant,” IFLScience, Dec. 12, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Wider Use of Better Computer Software Technology Can Improve Management Control and Reduce Costs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, FGMSD-80-38, Apr. 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. B. Hofmann, “Adductor and abductor spasmodic dysphonia: A comparison of quality of life issues for those receiving Botox treatment,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. J. de la MERCED, “A Flat First Day For Blue Apron,” New York Times, p. B4, Jun. 29, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Wireless Communications
AbbreviationIEEE Wirel. Commun.
ISSN (print)1536-1284
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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