How to format your references using the IEEE Wireless Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Wireless Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. T. Gormley Jr, “From science to policy in early childhood education,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6045, pp. 978–981, Aug. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. A. Nowak and K. Sigmund, “Evolution of indirect reciprocity,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7063, pp. 1291–1298, Oct. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Yazdanbakhsh, P. G. Kremsner, and R. van Ree, “Allergy, parasites, and the hygiene hypothesis,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5567, pp. 490–494, Apr. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. C. Holmes, D. J. Lipman, D. Zamarin, and J. W. Yewdell, “Comment on ‘Large-scale sequence analysis of avian influenza isolates,’” Science, vol. 313, no. 5793, pp. 1573; author reply 1573, Sep. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Dormieux and D. Kondo, Micromechanics of Fracture and Damage. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
P. Festa, Ed., Experimental Algorithms: 9th International Symposium, SEA 2010, Ischia Island, Naples, Italy, May 20-22, 2010. Proceedings, vol. 6049. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6049. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Yue, “Uplift Modeling Application and Methodology in Database Marketing,” in Topics in Applied Statistics: 2012 Symposium of the International Chinese Statistical Association, M. Hu, Y. Liu, and J. Lin, Eds., in Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Wireless Communications.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Early Warning Trigger Found For Most Unpredictable Kind Of Volcanic Eruption,” IFLScience, Apr. 27, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Privatization of Federal Aviation Administration Functions,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-88-11, Dec. 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Y. Goodwell, “Do athletic trainers have a positive impact on high school athletes’ knowledge of injury prevention and training habits?,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, “Jets Overhead, Noise Complaints Below,” New York Times, p. 14LI2, Aug. 27, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Wireless Communications
AbbreviationIEEE Wirel. Commun.
ISSN (print)1536-1284
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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