How to format your references using the IEEE Wireless Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Wireless Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. A. Cummer, “Applied physics. Selecting the direction of sound transmission,” Science, vol. 343, no. 6170, pp. 495–496, Jan. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Chudinovskikh and R. Boehler, “High-pressure polymorphs of olivine and the 660-km seismic discontinuity,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6837, pp. 574–577, May 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. E. Pierce, J. A. Clack, and J. R. Hutchinson, “Three-dimensional limb joint mobility in the early tetrapod Ichthyostega,” Nature, vol. 486, no. 7404, pp. 523–526, Jun. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Britton-Davidian et al., “Rapid chromosomal evolution in island mice,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6766, p. 158, Jan. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Natsuno, i-Mode Strategy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
R. K. Bali, L. Bos, M. C. Gibbons, and S. Ibell, Eds., Rare Diseases in the Age of Health 2.0, vol. 4. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Chen, T. H. Reiprich, H. Böhringer, and Y. Ikebe, “Statistics of X-ray Observables of Cooling Core and Non-cooling Core Clusters of Galaxies,” in Heating versus Cooling in Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies: Proceedings of the MPA/ESO/MPE/USM Joint Astronomy Conference held in Garching, Germany, 6-11 August 2006, H. Böhringer, G. W. Pratt, A. Finoguenov, and P. Schuecker, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007, pp. 30–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Wireless Communications.

Blog post
T. Hale, “China Wants To Revive The World’s Largest Ever Plane,” IFLScience, Sep. 09, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Airline Deregulation: Addressing the Air Service Problems of Some Communities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-97-187, Jun. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Battaglia, “Presenting a pluralized past: Assessing the efficacy of multivocal, bison-themed lesson units as a public education and outreach strategy for archaeology,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Marx, “Saying ‘Yes’ Before a Studio Audience,” New York Times, p. ST18, Apr. 06, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Wireless Communications
AbbreviationIEEE Wirel. Commun.
ISSN (print)1536-1284
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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