How to format your references using the Expert Review of Quality of Life in Cancer Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Quality of Life in Cancer Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Riordan M. The suspense of strangeness. Nature. 2001;409:457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sine SM, Engel AG. Recent advances in Cys-loop receptor structure and function. Nature. 2006;440:448–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhowmick NA, Neilson EG, Moses HL. Stromal fibroblasts in cancer initiation and progression. Nature. 2004;432:332–337.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hohng S, Zhou R, Nahas MK, et al. Fluorescence-force spectroscopy maps two-dimensional reaction landscape of the holliday junction. Science. 2007;318:279–283.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nasr VG, DiNardo JA. The Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Schröder M, editor. Functional Metal-Organic Frameworks: Gas Storage, Separation and Catalysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsukai M, Okumura M. Interregional Tourism Demand and Destination Management. In: Fujiwara A, Zhang J, editors. Sustainable Transport Studies in Asia. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2013. p. 113–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Quality of Life in Cancer Care.

Blog post
Luntz S. Watch An Exoplanet Orbit An Alien Star [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Communications Commission: Wireless Radio Services--Compatibility with Enhanced 911 Emergency Calling Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999. Report No.: OGC-00-8. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abdeljaber SR. High school mathematics teachers’ perceptions of mathematics education in northwest Florida [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fitzsimmons EG, Buettner R. Rail Crossing Accidents Decline Nationwide, but Less So in New York Region. New York Times. 2015 Feb 5;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Quality of Life in Cancer Care
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Qual. Life Cancer Care
ISSN (online)2380-9000

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