How to format your references using the European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fortney JJ. Planetary science. Looking into the giant planets. Science. 2004 Sep 3;305(5689):1414–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives AR, Carpenter SR. Stability and diversity of ecosystems. Science. 2007 Jul 6;317(5834):58–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tobler PN, Fiorillo CD, Schultz W. Adaptive coding of reward value by dopamine neurons. Science. 2005 Mar 11;307(5715):1642–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Morioka S, Perry JSA, Raymond MH, Medina CB, Zhu Y, Zhao L, et al. Efferocytosis induces a novel SLC program to promote glucose uptake and lactate release. Nature. 2018 Nov 21;

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezg N, Hajej Z, Boschian-Campaner V. Production and Maintenance Optimization Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Susilo W, Mu Y, Seberry J, editors. Information Security and Privacy: 17th Australasian Conference, ACISP 2012, Wollongong, NSW, Australia, July 9-11, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansen LJ, Hoffman JR. Assessing Vulnerability to Climate Change. In: Hoffman JR, editor. Climate Savvy: Adapting Conservation and Resource Management to a Changing World. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2011. p. 55–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers Translate Ancient Egyptian Spellbook [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/researchers-decipher-ancient-egyptian-spellbook/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improvements Needed in DOT’s Hazardous Materials Rail Safety Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Nov. Report No.: T-RCED-90-13.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weisblatt BH. The numinous on Russian soil: A depth psychological interpretation of religious experience in “The Brothers Karamazov” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. Powerful or Offensive? Ramadan Ad Depicting Would-Be Terrorist Proves Divisive. New York Times. 2017 May 30;A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fortney 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Fortney 2004; Ives and Carpenter 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ives and Carpenter 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Morioka et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Archives of Paediatric Dentistry
AbbreviationEur. Arch. Paediatr. Dent.
ISSN (print)1818-6300
ISSN (online)1996-9805
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Dentistry (miscellaneous)

Other styles