How to format your references using the European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanson B. Mercury, up-close again. Introduction. Science. 2008 Jul 4;321(5885):58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reilly SM, White TD. Hypaxial motor patterns and the function of epipubic bones in primitive mammals. Science. 2003 Jan 17;299(5605):400–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andersson JO, Doolittle WF, Nesbø CL. Genomics. Are there bugs in our genome? Science. 2001 Jun 8;292(5523):1848–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Draper-Joyce CJ, Khoshouei M, Thal DM, Liang Y-L, Nguyen ATN, Furness SGB, et al. Structure of the adenosine-bound human adenosine A1 receptor-Gi complex. Nature. 2018 Jun;558(7711):559–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Micouin P. Model-Based Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Lawrence T, Hagemann T, editors. Tumour-Associated Macrophages. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Gudehus T, Kotzab H. Strategies of Logistics. In: Kotzab H, editor. Comprehensive Logistics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 101–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry.

Blog post
Evans K. Humans Arrived In North America 10,000 Years Earlier Than We Thought [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/humans-arrived-in-north-america-10000-years-earlier-than-we-thought/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control Modernization: Status of the Current Program and Planning for the Next Generation Air Transportation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Jun. Report No.: GAO-06-653T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Janice J. Preschoolers’ Prosocial Responding to Social Others’ Distress [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A, Harmon A. For Many Medical Students, the Caribbean Was Warm and Welcoming. Until Now. New York Times. 2017 Sep 20;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hanson 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hanson 2008; Reilly and White 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reilly and White 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Draper-Joyce et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Archives of Paediatric Dentistry
AbbreviationEur. Arch. Paediatr. Dent.
ISSN (print)1818-6300
ISSN (online)1996-9805
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Dentistry (miscellaneous)

Other styles