How to format your references using the Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldhous P. Millennium Dome sees signs of a Wellcome break. Nature. 2001;412:258.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roškar R, Debattista VP. Astronomy. Galactic archaeology. Science. 2012;338:333–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schibler U, Ripperger JA, Brown SA. Circadian rhythms. Chronobiology--reducing time. Science. 2001;293:437–438.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Khorasaninejad M, Raeis-Zadeh SM, Jafarlou S, et al. Highly enhanced Raman scattering of graphene using plasmonic nano-structure. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2936.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attokaran M. Natural Food Flavors and Colorants. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Scheerens J, editor. Effectiveness of Time Investments in Education: Insights from a review and meta-analysis. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Svenningsen SL. Small RNA Control of Cell-to-Cell Communication in Vibrio Harveyi and Vibrio Cholerae. In: Skjeltorp AT, Belushkin AV, editors. Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Naracoorte, Where Half A Million Years Of Biodiversity And Climate History Are Trapped In Caves [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Actions Needed on Electronic Data Exchanges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998. Report No.: AIMD-98-124. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harrison AB. Knowing the familiar [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Beleaguered Russian Orchestra Tours U.S. New York Times. 2006 Mar 4;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Mol. Diagn.
ISSN (print)1473-7159
ISSN (online)1744-8352
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles