How to format your references using the Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Racaniello V. Virology. An exit strategy for measles virus. Science. 2011;334:1650–1651.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chien K, Chien L. The new Silk Road. Nature. 2004;428:208–209.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin AA, Toth M, Aharonovich I. Subtractive 3D printing of optically active diamond structures. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5022.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Couzin ID, Krause J, Franks NR, et al. Effective leadership and decision-making in animal groups on the move. Nature. 2005;433:513–516.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pangarkar VG. Design of Multiphase Reactors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Boswell MR. Local Climate Action Planning. Greve AI, Seale TL, editors. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang G, Gao Y, Chen L, et al. Regulation of the Novel Senescence Pathway by SKP2 E3 Ligase. In: Hayat MA, editor. Tumor Dormancy, Quiescence, and Senescence, Volume 2: Aging, Cancer, and Noncancer Pathologies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 33–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Infographic: How UK Health Spending Compares to Other Countries [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: The Effect of Competition From Satellite Providers on Cable Rates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000. Report No.: RCED-00-164. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Julfayan-Gregorian V. Success Strategies of First-Generation Foreign-Born Leaders [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Judge Selection To Be Reviewed By U.S. Justices. New York Times. 2007 Feb 21;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Mol. Diagn.
ISSN (print)1473-7159
ISSN (online)1744-8352
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles