How to format your references using the Annals of the Association of American Geographers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Association of American Geographers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jones, W. D. 2002. Synthetic chemistry. The key to successful organic synthesis is. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5553):289–290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ticozzi, F., and L. Viola. 2014. Quantum resources for purification and cooling: fundamental limits and opportunities. Scientific reports 4:5192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Noskov, S. Y., S. Bernèche, and B. Roux. 2004. Control of ion selectivity in potassium channels by electrostatic and dynamic properties of carbonyl ligands. Nature 431 (7010):830–834.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Genoux, D., U. Haditsch, M. Knobloch, A. Michalon, D. Storm, and I. M. Mansuy. 2002. Protein phosphatase 1 is a molecular constraint on learning and memory. Nature 418 (6901):970–975.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dowd, K. 2005. Measuring Market Risk. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Janowski, T., and H. Mohanty eds. 2010. Distributed Computing and Internet Technology: 6th International Conference, ICDCIT 2010, Bhubaneswar, India, February 15-17, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pudil, P., and P. Somol. 2005. Current Feature Selection Techniques in Statistical Pattern Recognition. In Computer Recognition Systems: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Recognition Systems CORES ’05, Advances in Soft Computing., eds. M. Kurzyński, E. Puchała, M. Woźniak, and A. żołnierek, 53–68. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Association of American Geographers.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. Ancient Maya Hieroglyphs Reveal The Dramatic History Of The Mysterious Snake-Head Dynasty. IFLScience. (last accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Aviation Security: Federal Air Marshal Service Could Benefit from Improved Planning and Controls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ackerman, G. L. 2009. Information technology in the K–12 classroom: Curriculum and instruction reflecting emerging capacity and paradigms.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2009. Downtown Dumplings. New York Times 11 January:NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jones 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Jones 2002; Ticozzi and Viola 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ticozzi and Viola 2014)
  • Three authors: (Noskov, Bernèche, and Roux 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Genoux et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Association of American Geographers
AbbreviationAnn. Assoc. Am. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0004-5608
ISSN (online)1467-8306
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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