How to format your references using the Annals of the Association of American Geographers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Association of American Geographers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Díaz, V. 2007. Researchers without frontiers. Nature 446 (7134):466.
A journal article with 2 authors
Myerson, A. S., and B. L. Trout. 2013. Chemistry. Nucleation from solution. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6148):855–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, C., T. Zhang, and D. I. Goldman. 2013. A terradynamics of legged locomotion on granular media. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6126):1408–1412.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Dequéant, M.-L., E. Glynn, K. Gaudenz, M. Wahl, J. Chen, A. Mushegian, and O. Pourquié. 2006. A complex oscillating network of signaling genes underlies the mouse segmentation clock. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5805):1595–1598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Audibert, P. 2013. Mathematics for Informatics and Computer Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Klopfleisch, R. ed. 2016. Veterinary Oncology: A Short Textbook. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng, R., K. Diao, F. Cheng, and S. Ma. 2016. ST Segment. In Graphics-sequenced interpretation of ECG, ed. R. Zeng, 121–138. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Association of American Geographers.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Here’s What Ariel Would Look Like If She Evolved In The Deep Ocean. IFLScience. (last accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Federal Funding Provided to 10 Police Departments for Intelligence Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Driskill, K. M. 2010. A qualitative study of teacher understanding and use of differentiated instruction to promote reading achievement.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. 2017. Rothschild Sets Sights On U.S. Tech Investments. New York Times 9 May:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Díaz 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Díaz 2007; Myerson and Trout 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Myerson and Trout 2013)
  • Three authors: (Li, Zhang, and Goldman 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Dequéant et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Association of American Geographers
AbbreviationAnn. Assoc. Am. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0004-5608
ISSN (online)1467-8306
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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