How to format your references using the Avian Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Avian Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hamann T. Chemistry. Perovskites take lead in solar hydrogen race. Science. 2014 Sep 26;345(6204):1566–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duggavathi R, Murphy BD. Development. Ovulation signals. Science. 2009 May 15;324(5929):890–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yazdanbakhsh M, Kremsner PG, van Ree R. Allergy, parasites, and the hygiene hypothesis. Science. 2002 Apr 19;296(5567):490–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rauh NR, Schmidt A, Bormann J, Nigg EA, Mayer TU. Calcium triggers exit from meiosis II by targeting the APC/C inhibitor XErp1 for degradation. Nature. 2005 Oct 13;437(7061):1048–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh SA, Rahman MA. An Introduction to Wavelet Modulated Inverters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Salit MS, Jawaid M, Yusoff NB, Hoque ME, editors. Manufacturing of Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Jones RT, Burns KD, Immel CS, Moore RM, Schwartz-Goel K, Culpepper B. The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Children and Adolescents: Conceptual and Methodological Implications for Assessment and Intervention. In: Cherry KE, editor. Lifespan Perspectives on Natural Disasters: Coping with Katrina, Rita, and Other Storms. New York, NY: Springer US; 2009. p. 65–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Avian Research.

Blog post
Evans K. It Seriously Sucks To Be A Reindeer Right Now [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/it-seriously-sucks-to-be-a-reindeer-right-now/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia: Inmate Participation in Correctional Programs and Previous Lorton Confinements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Sep. Report No.: GGD-87-90.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson CA. A cultural confluence: Approaches to embedding cultural insights and inclusion throughout the marketing process [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyman R. Polish Parliament Acts to Upend Nation’s Courts. New York Times. 2017 Jul 22;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hamann 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Duggavathi and Murphy 2009; Hamann 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duggavathi and Murphy 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Rauh et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAvian Research
AbbreviationAvian Res.
ISSN (online)2053-7166
Scope

Other styles