How to format your references using the Avian Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Avian Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donlan J. Re-wilding North America. Nature. 2005 Aug 18;436(7053):913–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu L, Stegman DR. Origin of Columbia River flood basalt controlled by propagating rupture of the Farallon slab. Nature. 2012 Feb 15;482(7385):386–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Narayan V, Ramaswamy S, Menon N. Long-lived giant number fluctuations in a swarming granular nematic. Science. 2007 Jul 6;317(5834):105–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Béjà O, Spudich EN, Spudich JL, Leclerc M, DeLong EF. Proteorhodopsin phototrophy in the ocean. Nature. 2001 Jun 14;411(6839):786–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wright JR, Cooper JE. Introduction to Aircraft Aeroelasticity and Loads. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Inamuddin, Luqman M, editors. Ion Exchange Technology I: Theory and Materials. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Noran O. An Enterprise Architecture Approach towards Environmental Management. In: Bernus P, Doumeingts G, Fox M, editors. Enterprise Architecture, Integration and Interoperability: IFIP TC 5 International Conference, EAI2N 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 44–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Avian Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Doctor Performs Head Transplants On Mice, Says Monkeys Are Next [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/frankenstein-doctor-performed-head-transplants-mice-says-monkeys-are-next/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Preliminary Observations on Efforts to Restructure Current Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Feb. Report No.: GAO-08-478T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson CW. Breaking journalism down: Work, authority, and networking local news, 1997–2009 [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Netflix Signs New Deal With Rhimes. New York Times. 2017 Aug 14;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donlan 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Donlan 2005; Liu and Stegman 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Stegman 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Béjà et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAvian Research
AbbreviationAvian Res.
ISSN (online)2053-7166
Scope

Other styles