How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Turner JA. Chemistry. A nickel finish protects silicon photoanodes for water splitting. Science 2013;342:811–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Johnson CL, Spence AM. Epigenetic licensing of germline gene expression by maternal RNA in C. elegans. Science 2011;333:1311–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Park HH, Woo K, Ahn J-P. Core-shell bimetallic nanoparticles robustly fixed on the outermost surface of magnetic silica microspheres. Sci Rep 2013;3:1497.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Söllner C, Rauch G-J, Siemens J, Geisler R, Schuster SC, Müller U, et al. Mutations in cadherin 23 affect tip links in zebrafish sensory hair cells. Nature 2004;428:955–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Holmes JD. Great Myths of Education and Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Feldman EL. Atlas of Neuromuscular Diseases: A Practical Guideline. Vienna: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Penumetcha K, Jerjes W, Patel N, Upile T. ENT Emergencies. In: Shergill I, Arya M, Upile T, Arya N, Dasgupta P, editors. Surgical Emergencies in Clinical Practice, London: Springer; 2013, p. 73–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Giant Pterosaurs May Have Been Munching On Human-Sized Dinosaurs. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Nonfederal Student Loans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
DiPasquale VL. A phenomenological study of industry professionals’ perceptions of ethics in the title insurance industry. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Baker P, Shear MD. To President, Human Rights Concerns Are Often a Barrier to Trade. New York Times 2017:A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Surgery Cases
ISSN (print)2352-667X
Scope

Other styles