How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Masood E. Pakistan must seize the chance to revive its science. Nature 2013;500:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Argus JP, Bensinger SJ. Immunology. Fueling function over expansion in T cells. Science 2013;341:37–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lee H, Zones SI, Davis ME. A combustion-free methodology for synthesizing zeolites and zeolite-like materials. Nature 2003;425:385–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Voss TS, Healer J, Marty AJ, Duffy MF, Thompson JK, Beeson JG, et al. A var gene promoter controls allelic exclusion of virulence genes in Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Nature 2006;439:1004–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Etube LS. Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Offshore Structures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2000.
An edited book
[1]
Felber P, Garg V, editors. Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems: 16th International Symposium, SSS 2014, Paderborn, Germany, September 28 – October 1, 2014. Proceedings. vol. 8756. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Tripathy BK, Sishodia MS, Jain S. Societal Networks: The Networks of Dynamics of Interpersonal Associations. In: Panda M, Dehuri S, Wang G-N, editors. Social Networking: Mining, Visualization, and Security, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 101–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Direct Brain-To-Brain Communication Used in Humans. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/direct-brain-brain-communication-used-humans/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Reclaim for Mileage and Relocation Expenses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Villagomez GC. Helping Foster Parents and Kinship Caregivers Support High School Graduation for Children in Their Care: A Self-Instructional Workbook. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Otis J. Unflinching Faith Moors 2 Victims of Hurricane Sandy in Life’s Storms. New York Times 2017:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Surgery Cases
ISSN (print)2352-667X
Scope

Other styles