How to format your references using the Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Nathan C. IMMUNOLOGY. From transient infection to chronic disease. Science 2015;350:161.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Dong F, Miller RE. Vibrational transition moment angles in isolated biomolecules: a structural tool. Science 2002;298:1227–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Jamtveit B, Austrheim H, Malthe-Sørenssen A. Accelerated hydration of the Earth’s deep crust induced by stress perturbations. Nature 2000;408:75–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Okazaki I-M, Kinoshita K, Muramatsu M, Yoshikawa K, Honjo T. The AID enzyme induces class switch recombination in fibroblasts. Nature 2002;416:340–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Millon T, Grossman S. Moderating Severe Personality Disorders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Bienvenut WV, editor. Acceleration and Improvement of Protein Identification by Mass Spectrometry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Loh CS, Sheng Y. Measuring Expert Performance for Serious Games Analytics: From Data to Insights. In: Loh CS, Sheng Y, Ifenthaler D, editors. Serious Games Analytics: Methodologies for Performance Measurement, Assessment, and Improvement, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 101–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. 1500-Year-Old Amulet With Palindrome Inscription Discovered In Cyprus. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/1500-year-old-amulet-palindrome-inscription-discovered-cyprus/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Data Problems Threaten FAA Strides on Safety Analysis System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Pesochinsky N. Effect of Refractive Vision Correction of Myopia and Hyperopia Through Laser Surgery (LASIK & PRK) on Symptoms of Depression, Stress Perception and Self-esteem in Adults (22-55). Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
de la MERCED MJ. Blue Apron Pursues I.P.O. As Amazon Poses Threat. New York Times 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vascular Surgery Cases
ISSN (print)2352-667X
Scope

Other styles