How to format your references using the Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser J. TOXICOLOGY: Panel Urges Further Study of Biotech Corn. Science. 2000;290:1867a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Skubi KL, Yoon TP. Organic chemistry: Shape control in reactions with light. Nature. 2014;515:45–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
van de Waal E, Borgeaud C, Whiten A. Potent social learning and conformity shape a wild primate’s foraging decisions. Science. 2013;340:483–485.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ning W, Du H, Kong F, et al. One-dimensional weak antilocalization in single-crystal Bi2Te3 nanowires. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1564.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bachmann H, Steinle A, Hahn V. Bauen mit Betonfertigteilen im Hochbau. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
Urban P, Caplan LR, editors. Brainstem Disorders. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Cai K, Haris M, Singh A, et al. Blood Oxygen Level Dependent Magnetization Transfer (BOLDMT) Effect. In: Welch WJ, Palm F, Bruley DF, et al., editors. Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXXIV. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 31–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew D. What Is Normal Vaginal Discharge And What’s Not? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA’s Staffing Allocation Model Is Useful for Allocating Staff among Airports, but Its Assumptions Should Be Systematically Reassessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007. Report No.: GAO-07-299. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark S. Psychological resilience, daily stressors, and implications for physical activity levels in mothers with young children [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Russia Inaugurates Book Prize. It’s Big. New York Times. 2006 Nov 23;E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Anticancer Therapy
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Anticancer Ther.
ISSN (print)1473-7140
ISSN (online)1744-8328
Pharmacology (medical)

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