How to format your references using the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2005. Scientific personalities. Nature 433, 177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tester, M., Langridge, P., 2010. Breeding technologies to increase crop production in a changing world. Science 327, 818–822.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peñalver, E., Grimaldi, D.A., Delclòs, X., 2006. Early Cretaceous spider web with its prey. Science 312, 1761.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stinaff, E.A., Scheibner, M., Bracker, A.S., Ponomarev, I.V., Korenev, V.L., Ware, M.E., Doty, M.F., Reinecke, T.L., Gammon, D., 2006. Optical signatures of coupled quantum dots. Science 311, 636–639.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shelby, A.M., McKune, C.M., 2014. Small Animal Anesthesia Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Henderson, B. (Ed.), 2013. Moonlighting Cell Stress Proteins in Microbial Infections, Heat Shock Proteins. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Tizghadam, A., Bigdeli, A., Leon-Garcia, A., Naser, H., 2012. Joint Optimization of Resources and Routes for Minimum Resistance: From Communication Networks to Power Grids, in: Thai, M.T., Pardalos, P.M. (Eds.), Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks: Communication and Social Networks, Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 97–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Cancer Expert On AHCA: “This Bill Will Make America Sicker” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Grant Monitoring: Department of Education Could Improve Its Processes with Greater Focus on Assessing Risks, Acquiring Financial Skills, and Sharing Information (No. GAO-10-57). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bracht, K.D., 2010. Causes of nonattendance and its effect on student achievement at the high school level (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W., 2015. Colombia Close to a Peace Accord With Rebels. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2005; Tester and Langridge, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tester and Langridge, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Stinaff et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
AbbreviationInt. J. Greenhouse Gas Control
ISSN (print)1750-5836
ScopeGeneral Energy
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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