How to format your references using the Experiments in Fluids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experiments in Fluids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lang RF (2010) Astronomy. Fishing for the universe. Science 327:1582–1583
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang LV, Hu S (2012) Photoacoustic tomography: in vivo imaging from organelles to organs. Science 335:1458–1462
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson DM, Overpeck JT, Gupta AK (2002) Increase in the Asian southwest monsoon during the past four centuries. Science 297:596–599
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhu M, Ahlberg PE, Zhao W, Jia L (2002) Palaeontology: first Devonian tetrapod from Asia. Nature 420:760–761

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krabbes G, Fuchs G, Canders W-R, et al (2006) High Temperature Superconductor Bulk Materials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Goues CL, Yoo S (eds) (2014) Search-Based Software Engineering: 6th International Symposium, SSBSE 2014, Fortaleza, Brazil, August 26-29, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Huang M, Xia B, Zou Y, et al (2012) No-Till Direct Seeding for Energy-Saving Rice Production in China. In: Lichtfouse E (ed) Farming for Food and Water Security. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 111–126

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experiments in Fluids.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) US National Security Could Be Severely Affected By Climate Change Over The Next 20 Years. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/us-national-security-could-be-severely-affected-by-climate-change-over-the-next-20-years/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Satellite Communications: Strategic Approach Needed for DOD’s Procurement of Commercial Satellite Bandwidth. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krutsinger R (2014) Evaluation of Grassland Restoration Success in Illinois Using Indicators of Ecosystem Function. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2016) Allegories of 2 Boroughs Prepare for a Homecoming. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lang 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lang 2010; Wang and Hu 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Hu 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperiments in Fluids
AbbreviationExp. Fluids
ISSN (print)0723-4864
ISSN (online)1432-1114
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Computational Mechanics
Mechanics of Materials
General Physics and Astronomy

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