How to format your references using the Chemical Senses citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Senses. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wiechert, U.H. 2002. Geology. Earth’s early atmosphere. Science. 298:2341–2342.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fromherz, P., and Voelker, M. 2009. Comment on “Detection, stimulation, and inhibition of neuronal signals with high-density nanowire transistor arrays.” Science. 323:1429; author reply 1429.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laliberté, E., Zemunik, G., and Turner, B.L. 2014. Environmental filtering explains variation in plant diversity along resource gradients. Science. 345:1602–1605.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kim, J.H., Woo, H.R., Kim, J., Lim, P.O., Lee, I.C., Choi, S.H., Hwang, D., and Nam, H.G. 2009. Trifurcate feed-forward regulation of age-dependent cell death involving miR164 in Arabidopsis. Science. 323:1053–1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wen, S., and Huang, P. 2017. Principles of Tribology. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
2009. New Trends in Mathematical Physics: Selected contributions of the XVth International Congress on Mathematical Physics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Loy, J., Canning, S., and Haskell, N. 2016. 3D Printing Sociocultural Sustainability. In: S.S. Muthu, and M.M. Savalani, eds. Handbook of Sustainability in Additive Manufacturing: Volume 1. Singapore: Springer. pp. 51–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Senses.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Hobbit” more likely had Down Syndrome than a new species. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Surface Transportation: Principles Can Guide Efforts to Restructure and Fund Federal Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warfield, B.S. 2017. Speaking of the Self: Theorizing the Dialogical Dimensions of Ethical Agency. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Specht, M.H. 2015. Cut and Color. New York Times. BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wiechert, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Wiechert, 2002; Fromherz and Voelker, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fromherz and Voelker, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Senses
AbbreviationChem. Senses
ISSN (print)0379-864X
ISSN (online)1464-3553
Physiology (medical)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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