How to format your references using the Chemical Senses citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Senses. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grogan, D. 2015. The microbes within. Nature. 518:S2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krushelnick, K., and Cowley, S. 2005. Physics. Reduced turbulence and new opportunities for fusion. Science. 309:1502–1503.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zijlstra, P., Chon, J.W.M., and Gu, M. 2009. Five-dimensional optical recording mediated by surface plasmons in gold nanorods. Nature. 459:410–413.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Weiss, J., Pyrski, M., Jacobi, E., Bufe, B., Willnecker, V., Schick, B., Zizzari, P., Gossage, S.J., Greer, C.A., Leinders-Zufall, T., et al. 2011. Loss-of-function mutations in sodium channel Nav1.7 cause anosmia. Nature. 472:186–190.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tobias, J., and Hochhauser, D. 2014. Cancer and its Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
2012. Modeling Tumor Vasculature: Molecular, Cellular, and Tissue Level Aspects and Implications. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Madalińska-Bugaj, E., and Łukaszewicz, W. 2005. Belief Revision Revisited. In: A. Gelbukh, Á. de Albornoz, and H. Terashima-Marín, eds. MICAI 2005: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 4th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Monterrey, Mexico, November 14-18, 2005 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Senses.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2016. Three Ways Synthetic Biology Could Annihilate Zika And Other Mosquito-Borne Diseases. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Aviation Safety: FAA Oversight of Repair Stations Needs Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Restrepo, E. 2009. Eventalizing blackness in Colombia. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. 2001. World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: President Signs Land Reform Law. New York Times. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grogan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Krushelnick and Cowley, 2005; Grogan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krushelnick and Cowley, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Weiss et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Senses
AbbreviationChem. Senses
ISSN (print)0379-864X
ISSN (online)1464-3553
Physiology (medical)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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