How to format your references using the Chemical Senses citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Senses. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. 2000. Climate change expert stirs new controversy. Nature. 407:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kriwacki, R.W., and Yoon, M.-K. 2011. Cell biology. Fishing in the nuclear pore. Science. 333:44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wechsler, T., Newman, S., and West, S.C. 2011. Aberrant chromosome morphology in human cells defective for Holliday junction resolution. Nature. 471:642–646.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Panowski, S.H., Wolff, S., Aguilaniu, H., Durieux, J., and Dillin, A. 2007. PHA-4/Foxa mediates diet-restriction-induced longevity of C. elegans. Nature. 447:550–555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davidson, P.W., Prasher, V.P., and Janicki, M.P. 2008. Mental Health, Intellectual Disabilities, and the Aging Process. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
2016. Rhizomania. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Howie, S., and Plomp, T. 2005. International Comparative Studies of Education and Large-Scale Change. In: N. Bascia, A. Cumming, A. Datnow, K. Leithwood, and D. Livingstone, eds. International Handbook of Educational Policy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. pp. 75–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Senses.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. These Bees Pulled Strings To Prove They Can Learn And Share New Skills. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. School Facilities: States’ Financial and Technical Support Varies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fang, L. 2015. Do media help deter financial misreporting? Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., and Maheshwari, S. 2017. CBS Woos Sponsors With Energetic Pitch By a Surging Colbert. New York Times. B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2000; Kriwacki and Yoon, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kriwacki and Yoon, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Panowski et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Senses
AbbreviationChem. Senses
ISSN (print)0379-864X
ISSN (online)1464-3553
Physiology (medical)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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