How to format your references using the Chemical Senses citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Senses. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, R.M. 2004. Raising Europe’s game. Nature. 430:831–832.
A journal article with 2 authors
Behar, S.M., and Baehrecke, E.H. 2015. Tuberculosis: Autophagy is not the answer. Nature. 528:482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinson, B.C., Anderson, M.S., and Vries, R. de. 2005. Scientists behaving badly. Nature. 435:737–738.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vigny, C., Socquet, A., Peyrat, S., Ruegg, J.-C., Métois, M., Madariaga, R., Morvan, S., Lancieri, M., Lacassin, R., Campos, J., et al. 2011. The 2010 Mw 8.8 Maule megathrust earthquake of Central Chile, monitored by GPS. Science. 332:1417–1421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Binnie, C. 2016. Linux Server Security. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
2009. Optimization and Logistics Challenges in the Enterprise. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Zohuri, B., and Fathi, N. 2015. General Conservation Equations. In: N. Fathi, ed. Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of Nuclear Reactors. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 89–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Senses.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2015. Two Studies Conclude That Fracking Bad For Health. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Critical Infrastructure: Challenges Remain in Protecting Key Sectors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Claypool, K.K. 2017. Organizational Success: How the Presence of Happiness in the Workplace Affects Employee Engagement that Leads to Organizational Success. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. 2016. After 1.7 Million Years, a Bone Cancer Diagnosis. New York Times. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (May, 2004; Behar and Baehrecke, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Behar and Baehrecke, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Vigny et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Senses
AbbreviationChem. Senses
ISSN (print)0379-864X
ISSN (online)1464-3553
Physiology (medical)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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