How to format your references using the Chemical Senses citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Senses. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weintraub, K. 2014. Vaccines: taking a shot at protection. Nature. 516:S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holland, M.D., and Hastings, A. 2008. Strong effect of dispersal network structure on ecological dynamics. Nature. 456:792–794.
A journal article with 3 authors
Finnegan, N.J., Schumer, R., and Finnegan, S. 2014. A signature of transience in bedrock river incision rates over timescales of 10(4)-10(7) years. Nature. 505:391–394.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yagi, H., Nakagawa, N., Saito, T., Kiyonari, H., Abe, T., Toda, T., Wu, S.-W., Khoo, K.-H., Oka, S., and Kato, K. 2013. AGO61-dependent GlcNAc modification primes the formation of functional glycans on α-dystroglycan. Sci Rep. 3:3288.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaschke, M., Donnerhacke, K.-H., and Rill, M.S. 2014. Optical Devices in Ophthalmology and Optometry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
2013. Amorphous Nanophotonics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rummel, R. 2010. GOCE: Gravitational Gradiometry in a Satellite. In: W. Freeden, M.Z. Nashed, and T. Sonar, eds. Handbook of Geomathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 93–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Senses.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. NASA Believes Newest Telescopes Could Spot Extraterrestrial Life Within 20 Years. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Success of the Programed School Input Program Justifies Expansion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McAlpine, T.E. 2008. College students and career: An exploration of vocational anticipatory socialization. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2006. Hermitage Is Reeling From Loss Of Artworks. New York Times. E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weintraub, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Holland and Hastings, 2008; Weintraub, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holland and Hastings, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Yagi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Senses
AbbreviationChem. Senses
ISSN (print)0379-864X
ISSN (online)1464-3553
Physiology (medical)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

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