How to format your references using the European Journal of Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Nowak MA. Prisoners of the dilemma. Nature 2004;427:491.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Owen-Hughes T, Bruno M. Molecular biology. Breaking the silence. Science 2004;303:324–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Yamada T, Dautry A, Walport M. Ready for avian flu? Nature 2008;454:162.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Hanaguri T, Kohsaka Y, Ono M, Maltseva M, Coleman P, Yamada I, et al. Coherence factors in a high-tc cuprate probed by quasi-particle scattering off vortices. Science 2009;323:923–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bernström S. Valuation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2014.
An edited book
1
Hřebíček J, Schimak G, Kubásek M, Rizzoli AE, editors. Environmental Software Systems. Fostering Information Sharing: 10th IFIP WG 5.11 International Symposium, ISESS 2013, Neusiedl am See, Austria, October 9-11, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Ashiuchi M. Occurrence and Biosynthetic Mechanism of Poly-Gamma-Glutamic Acid. In: Hamano Y, ed. Amino-Acid Homopolymers Occurring in Nature. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2010. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. Can Plants Get Cancer? IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/can-plants-get-cancer/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area Plan: Fiscal Years 1998-2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Clark J. Screening for Allelopathic Potential and Self Facilitation in Japanese Hops (Humulus japonicus, Cannabaceae). 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Casey N. Rebel Group in Colombia Enters Talks. New York Times. 2016;:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Emergency Medicine
AbbreviationEur. J. Emerg. Med.
ISSN (print)0969-9546
ISSN (online)1473-5695
ScopeEmergency Medicine

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