How to format your references using the Experimental Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rine J (2005) Cell biology. Twists in the tale of the aging yeast. Science 310:1124–1125
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris T, Podsiadlowski P (2007) The triple-ring nebula around SN 1987A: fingerprint of a binary merger. Science 315:1103–1106
A journal article with 3 authors
Lamb D, Erskine PD, Parrotta JA (2005) Restoration of degraded tropical forest landscapes. Science 310:1628–1632
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Van Eck S, Goriely S, Jorissen A, Plez B (2001) Discovery of three lead-rich stars. Nature 412:793–795

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vinod HD, Reagle DP (2004) Preparing for the Worst: Incorporating Downside Risk in Stock Market Investments. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zhang K (2015) Security and Privacy for Mobile Healthcare Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Koncina E, Roth L, Gonthier B, Bagnard D (2007) Role of Semaphorins during Axon Growth and Guidance. In: Bagnard D (ed) Axon Growth and Guidance. Springer, New York, NY, pp 50–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Techniques.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) How A Single Word Sparked A Four-Year Saga Of Climate Fact-Checking And Blog Backlash. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Highway Trust Fund: Financial Status and Outlook. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carver A (2017) From under the blanket. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lanchester J (2016) How Economic Gobbledygook Divides Us. New York Times MM18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Techniques
AbbreviationExp. Tech.
ISSN (print)0732-8818
ISSN (online)1747-1567
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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