How to format your references using the Experimental Techniques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Techniques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lederman L (2007) The God particle et al. Nature 448:310–312
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gerson AR, Guglielmo CG (2011) Flight at low ambient humidity increases protein catabolism in migratory birds. Science 333:1434–1436
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Goebel T, Waters MR, O’Rourke DH (2008) The late Pleistocene dispersal of modern humans in the Americas. Science 319:1497–1502
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sepulchre P, Ramstein G, Fluteau F, et al (2006) Tectonic uplift and Eastern Africa aridification. Science 313:1419–1423

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rossiter A (2008) Professional Excellence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Borutzky W (2011) Bond Graph Modelling of Engineering Systems: Theory, Applications and Software Support, 1st ed. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kim JH (2012) Innovation & Technology in Korea an International Perspective. In: Mahlich J, Pascha W (eds) Korean Science and Technology in an International Perspective. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 65–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Techniques.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2016) Global Carbon Emissions Plateaued In 2015, According To BP. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/global-carbon-emissions-plateaued-in-2015-according-to-bp/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1987) Social Security: State Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies’ Reimbursement for the Disabled. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Miramontes AJ (2017) Examining eye fixation patterns during the Situation Present Assessment Method (SPAM) under varying levels of workload. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO (2014) ‘John D. Ducks for Apples.’ New York Times C30

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Techniques
AbbreviationExp. Tech.
ISSN (print)0732-8818
ISSN (online)1747-1567
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

Other styles