How to format your references using the Clinical Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
de Rose F. Meetings that changed the world: Paris 1951: The birth of CERN. Nature 2008;455:174–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rohwer F, Thurber RV. Viruses manipulate the marine environment. Nature 2009;459:207–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bollasina MA, Ming Y, Ramaswamy V. Anthropogenic aerosols and the weakening of the South Asian summer monsoon. Science 2011;334:502–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Krasilnikov AS, Xiao Y, Pan T, Mondragón A. Basis for structural diversity in homologous RNAs. Science 2004;306:104–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chappell D. The JCT Standard Building Contract 2011. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Leibe B, Matas J, Sebe N, Welling M, editors. Computer Vision – ECCV 2016: 14th European Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 11-14, 2016, Proceedings, Part III. vol. 9907. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Deppisch S. Social capital and other main influences on governance processes in cross-border micro-regions. In: Korcelli-Olejniczak E, Knippschild R, editors. Cross-border Governance and Sustainable Spatial Development: Mind the Gaps!, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Nutrition.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. More Bright Galaxies Discovered In The Early Universe. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/more-bright-galaxies-discovered-in-the-early-universe/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Transportation Relief: Agencies Could Improve Collaboration Begun during Hurricane Sandy Response. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Fetterolf-Klein S. Teacher leadership practices, supports and challenges in implementation of the common core high school math standards. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly DA. Fast Cellphones Aim To Unseat Laptops. New York Times 2007:SPG9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Nutrition
AbbreviationClin. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0261-5614
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics

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