How to format your references using the Clinical Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Soft skills. Nature 2005;435:126.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Schmiedmayer J, Abele H. ASTROPHYSICS. Probing the dark side. Science 2015;349:786–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lutz W, Muttarak R, Striessnig E. Environment and development. Universal education is key to enhanced climate adaptation. Science 2014;346:1061–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ruan C-Y, Lobastov VA, Vigliotti F, Chen S, Zewail AH. Ultrafast electron crystallography of interfacial water. Science 2004;304:80–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Fuller S. RapidIO®: The Embedded System Interconnect. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Thomas Byrd JW, editor. Operative Hip Arthroscopy. Second Edition. New York, NY: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Raoprasert T, Islam SMN. Methodology, Research Process, and Computer Programs. In: Islam SMN, editor. Designing an Efficient Management System: Modeling of Convergence Factors Exemplified by the Case of Japanese Businesses in Thailand, Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2010, p. 63–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Nutrition.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Drone Captures Breathtaking Footage Inside The Worlds Largest Cave. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/drone-captures-breathtaking-footage-inside-worlds-largest-cave/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Should Provide the Congress with More Information on the Pioneer Venus Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Deshotel MW. Enhancing Undergraduate Water Resources Engineering Education Using Data and Modeling Resources Situated in Real-world Ecosystems: Design Principles and Challenges for Scaling and Sustainability. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Yablonsky L. Eye Spy. New York Times 2007:6228.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Nutrition
AbbreviationClin. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0261-5614
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics

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