How to format your references using the Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaim, W. 2005. “Chemistry. Odd electron on nitrogen: a metal-stabilized aminyl radical,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307/5707 (2005), 216–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Embley, T. M. and W. Martin 2006. “Eukaryotic evolution, changes and challenges,” Nature, 440/7084 (2006), 623–630.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sansom, R. S., S. E. Gabbott, and M. A. Purnell 2010. “Non-random decay of chordate characters causes bias in fossil interpretation,” Nature, 463/7282 (2010), 797–800.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aten, J. A., J. Stap, P. M. Krawczyk, C. H. van Oven, R. A. Hoebe, J. Essers, and R. Kanaar 2004. “Dynamics of DNA double-strand breaks revealed by clustering of damaged chromosome domains,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303/5654 (2004), 92–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison, R. G. 2014. Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014).
An edited book
Arai, K., H. Deguchi, and H. Matsui, eds., 2005. Agent-Based Modeling Meets Gaming Simulation, 2nd, Springer Series on Agent Based Social Systems (Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2005).
A chapter in an edited book
Tsioufis, C. P. 2015. “Echocardiographic Assessment of the Aorta and Coronary Arteries in Hypertensive Patients,” in E. Agabiti Rosei and G. Mancia, eds., Assessment of Preclinical Organ Damage in Hypertension (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015), 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The Future Of Data Science Looks Spectacular IFLScience (IFLScience, 2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2016. NASA Human Space Exploration: Opportunity Nears to Reassess Launch Vehicle and Ground Systems Cost and Schedule ( No. GAO-16-612) (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2016).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGrew, C. 2008. Living with Diabetes: The Value of Everyday Communication, Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2006. “Justices Reaffirm Abortion Access For Emergencies,” New York Times (January 19, 2006), A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Bulletin
ISSN (print)2410-0951

Other styles