How to format your references using the Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holman, C. M. 2008. “Genetics. Trends in human gene patent litigation,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 322/5899 (2008), 198–199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, K.-Q. and X. Y. Liu 2004. “In situ observation of colloidal monolayer nucleation driven by an alternating electric field,” Nature, 429/6993 (2004), 739–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lan, R., J. T. S. Irvine, and S. Tao 2013. “Synthesis of ammonia directly from air and water at ambient temperature and pressure,” Scientific reports, 3 (2013), 1145.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, J., L. Wang, X. Li, and C. Mao 2013. “Virus activated artificial ECM induces the osteoblastic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells without osteogenic supplements,” Scientific reports, 3 (2013), 1242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Recho, N. 2012. Fracture Mechanics and Crack Growth (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012).
An edited book
Jin, D. and S. Lin, eds., 2012. Advances in Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication: Volume 1, 148th, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
Penna, A., M. Rota, A. Galasco, and A. Mouyiannou 2015. “Towards the Use of Time-History Analysis for the Seismic Assessment of Masonry Structures,” in I. N. Psycharis, S. J. Pantazopoulou, and M. Papadrakakis, eds., Seismic Assessment, Behavior and Retrofit of Heritage Buildings and Monuments, Computational Methods in Applied Sciences (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015), 83–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Bulletin.

Blog post
Taub, B. 99.85% Of Americans Will Know A Victim Of Gun Violence At Some Point In Their Lives IFLScience (IFLScience, 2016) <>, accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007. Internet Infrastructure: Challenges in Developing a Public/Private Recovery Plan ( No. GAO-08-212T) (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bemmel, E. P. 2008. A cost -effectiveness analysis of two community college baccalaureate programs in Florida: An exploratory study Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davis, J. H. and K. Kelly 2017. “Scrutiny for Architects Of President’s Tax Plan,” New York Times, August 29, 2017, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Bulletin
ISSN (print)2410-0951

Other styles