How to format your references using the Springer Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Springer Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pither J (2007) Comment on “Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies.” Science 316:1124; author reply 1124
A journal article with 2 authors
Boettiger AN, Levine M (2009) Synchronous and stochastic patterns of gene activation in the Drosophila embryo. Science 325:471–473
A journal article with 3 authors
Smolin JA, Smith G, Vargo A (2013) Oversimplifying quantum factoring. Nature 499:163–165
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Moreno PI, Jacobson GL Jr, Lowell TV, Denton GH (2001) Interhemispheric climate links revealed by late-glacial cooling episode in southern Chile. Nature 409:804–808

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gywat O, Krenner HJ, Berezovsky J (2009) Spins in Optically Active Quantum Dots. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Miller RL, Del Castillo CE, Mckee BA (2005) Remote Sensing of Coastal Aquatic Environments: Technologies, Techniques and Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Hatebur D, Heisel M, Schmidt H (2008) A Formal Metamodel for Problem Frames. In: Czarnecki K, Ober I, Bruel J-M, et al (eds) Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems: 11th International Conference, MoDELS 2008, Toulouse, France, September 28 - October 3, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 68–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Springer Science Reviews.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) Watching Nature Documentaries Makes Us Ridiculously Happy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Aviation Safety: Slow Progress, Uncertain Future Threaten FAA Program To Measure Safety. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez VA (2017) La Lucha Sigue: Undocumented Students Challenging Anti-Immigrant Discourses. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wallace A (2014) At Last. New York Times MM44

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSpringer Science Reviews
AbbreviationSpringer Sci. Rev.
ISSN (online)2213-7793

Other styles