How to format your references using the Springer Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Springer Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeman P (2004) Comment on “Diverse psychotomimetics act through a common signaling pathway.” Science 305:180; author reply 180
A journal article with 2 authors
Goo L, Pierson TC (2015) Dengue virus: Bumps in the road to therapeutic antibodies. Nature 524:295–296
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Q, Foote M, Chen J (2014) Effects of histone deacetylase inhibitor valproic acid on skeletal myocyte development. Sci Rep 4:7207
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hallem EA, Nicole Fox A, Zwiebel LJ, Carlson JR (2004) Olfaction: mosquito receptor for human-sweat odorant. Nature 427:212–213

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vander Vorst A, Rosen A, Kotsuka Y (2005) RF/Microwave Interaction with Biological Tissues. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Yung M, Zhu L, Yang Y (2015) Trusted Systems: 6th International Conference, INTRUST 2014, Beijing, China, December 16-17, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ambler SW (2008) Tailoring Usability into Agile Software Development Projects. In: Law EL-C, Hvannberg ET, Cockton G (eds) Maturing Usability: Quality in Software, Interaction and Value. Springer, London, pp 75–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Springer Science Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) How Smartphone Use Is Changing The Way Thumbs and Brains Communicate. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Information Technology: Agencies Need to Establish Comprehensive Policies to Address Changes to Projects’ Cost, Schedule, and Performance Goals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henderson MM (2013) Coming to Terms: Career Development Experiences of NCAA Division I Female Student-Athletes in Transition. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L (2016) After a Clumsy First Kiss, Making Out Just Fine. New York Times ST17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSpringer Science Reviews
AbbreviationSpringer Sci. Rev.
ISSN (online)2213-7793

Other styles