How to format your references using the Springer Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Springer Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gee H (2012) Developmental biology: a brainy background. Nature 483:280
A journal article with 2 authors
Makino S, Suzuki M (2001) Bacterial genomic reorganization upon DNA replication. Science 292:803
A journal article with 3 authors
Karlin S, Bergman A, Gentles AJ (2001) Genomics. Annotation of the Drosophila genome. Nature 411:259–260
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cao Y, Wang N, Tian H, et al (2018) Perovskite light-emitting diodes based on spontaneously formed submicrometre-scale structures. Nature 562:249–253

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gustafsson F (2001) Adaptive Filtering and Change Detection. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Yoshida H, Hawkes D, Vannier MW (2012) Abdominal Imaging. Computational and Clinical Applications: 4th International Workshop, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2012, Nice, France, October 1, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ribeiro-Rodrigues R (2012) Host Response to M. leprae. In: Nunzi E, Massone C (eds) Leprosy: A Practical Guide. Springer, Milano, pp 27–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Springer Science Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) The “Water World” Theory Of The Origins Of Life Revamped. In: IFLScience.“water-world”-theory-origins-life-revamped/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Comments on Department of Education Use of Subsequent-Year Appropriations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ameen U (2012) Social and political climates’ influence on Muslim American students’ intersectional identity. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Oh, the Faults in Their Stars. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSpringer Science Reviews
AbbreviationSpringer Sci. Rev.
ISSN (online)2213-7793

Other styles