How to format your references using the Springer Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Springer Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Streicker DG (2013) Science & SciLifeLab Prize. From persistence to cross-species emergence of a viral zoonosis. Science 342:1185–1186
A journal article with 2 authors
Movassaghi M, Jacobsen EN (2002) Chemistry. The simplest “enzyme.” Science 298:1904–1905
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson CH, Egli M, Stewart PL (2008) Structural insights into a circadian oscillator. Science 322:697–701
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen J, Zhao D, Li C, et al (2014) All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters. Sci Rep 4:4085

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denham BE (2016) Categorical Statistics for Communication Research. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hülsmann M, Pfeffermann N (2011) Strategies and Communications for Innovations: An Integrative Management View for Companies and Networks. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Rovenskaya E (2010) Optimal Economic Growth Under Stochastic Environmental Impact: Sensitivity Analysis. In: Crespo Cuaresma J, Palokangas T, Tarasyev A (eds) Dynamic Systems, Economic Growth, and the Environment. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 79–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Springer Science Reviews.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) New Species Of Snail Named For Marriage Equality. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Consumer Finance: Factors Affecting the Financial Literacy of Individuals with Limited English Proficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz Martinez B (2009) Diabetes among older Latino adults. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A (2014) NYU Langone Restarts Emergency Room Damaged by Hurricane Sandy. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSpringer Science Reviews
AbbreviationSpringer Sci. Rev.
ISSN (online)2213-7793

Other styles