How to format your references using the Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sandidge, J. S. (2003). Arachnology: scavenging by brown recluse spiders. Nature, 426(6962), 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ward, L. D., & Kellis, M. (2013). Response to comment on “Evidence of abundant purifying selection in humans for recently acquired regulatory functions.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6133), 682.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verschure, P. F. M. J., Voegtlin, T., & Douglas, R. J. (2003). Environmentally mediated synergy between perception and behaviour in mobile robots. Nature, 425(6958), 620–624.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Levrard, B., Forget, F., Montmessin, F., & Laskar, J. (2004). Recent ice-rich deposits formed at high latitudes on Mars by sublimation of unstable equatorial ice during low obliquity. Nature, 431(7012), 1072–1075.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris, S. A. (2011). Food and Package Engineering. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Kibbe, M. R., & LeMaire, S. A. (Eds.). (2014). Success in Academic Surgery: Basic Science. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mächel, H., Rudolf, B., Maurer, T., Hagemann, S., Hagenbrock, R., Kitaev, L., et al. (2012). Observed Hydrological Cycle. In P. Lemke & H.-W. Jacobi (Eds.), Arctic Climate Change: The ACSYS Decade and Beyond (pp. 199–246). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 15). Jogging Can Add Years To Your Life – Here Are Six Simple Tips To Get You Started. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Federally Funded Research: Controlling Inappropriate Access to Research Results (No. T-RCED-93-19). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter, K. E. (2009). The use of boron-doped diamond film electrodes for the oxidative degradation of perfluorooctane sulfonate and trichloroethylene (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thrush, G., Shear, M. D., & Sullivan, E. (2017, August 4). Former General Taking Control At White House. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sandidge 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Sandidge 2003; Ward and Kellis 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ward and Kellis 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Levrard et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
AbbreviationAdapt. Human Behav. Physiol.
ISSN (online)2198-7335

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