How to format your references using the Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P. (2008). Triumph of the medieval mind. Nature, 452(7189), 816–818.
A journal article with 2 authors
Solé, R., & Macía, J. (2014). Synthetic biology: Biocircuits in synchrony. Nature, 508(7496), 326–327.
A journal article with 3 authors
Charnoz, S., Salmon, J., & Crida, A. (2010). The recent formation of Saturn’s moonlets from viscous spreading of the main rings. Nature, 465(7299), 752–754.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Anastasiou, D., Poulogiannis, G., Asara, J. M., Boxer, M. B., Jiang, J.-K., Shen, M., et al. (2011). Inhibition of pyruvate kinase M2 by reactive oxygen species contributes to cellular antioxidant responses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6060), 1278–1283.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman, R. L. (2002). Reference Manual for Telecommunications Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gelder, K. (Ed.). (2016). New Directions in Popular Fiction: Genre, Distribution, Reproduction. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Baets, K. D., Landman, N. H., & Tanabe, K. (2015). Ammonoid Embryonic Development. In C. Klug, D. Korn, K. De Baets, I. Kruta, & R. H. Mapes (Eds.), Ammonoid Paleobiology: From anatomy to ecology (pp. 113–205). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 7). Flatworm Mating: Literally a Cockblock. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Information Technology: FAA Has Many Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but More Oversight of Operational Systems Is Needed (No. GAO-04-822). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Willhite, D. G. (2001). Purification, Identification, and Partial Characterization of Proteins Associated with the Adaptive Immune Response to Soluble Protein Antigen in the American Cockroach (Periplaneta americana) (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2017, February 23). Top Judge Goes Where Flaws Are Acute to Address State of Courts. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ball 2008; Solé and Macía 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Solé and Macía 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Anastasiou et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
AbbreviationAdapt. Human Behav. Physiol.
ISSN (online)2198-7335

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