How to format your references using the Experimental and Molecular Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Molecular Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yin, Q.-Z., 2004. Planetary science. Predicting the Sun’s oxygen isotope composition. Science 305, 1729–1730.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pörtner, H.O., Knust, R., 2007. Climate change affects marine fishes through the oxygen limitation of thermal tolerance. Science 315, 95–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
Falkowski, P.G., Fenchel, T., Delong, E.F., 2008. The microbial engines that drive Earth’s biogeochemical cycles. Science 320, 1034–1039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, S., Lee, D., Liu, X., Van Neste, C., Jeon, S., Thundat, T., 2013. Molecular recognition using receptor-free nanomechanical infrared spectroscopy based on a quantum cascade laser. Sci. Rep. 3, 1111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiGrado, B.D., Thorp, G.A., 2007. The Aboveground Steel Storage Tank Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Correia, L., Reis, L.P., Cascalho, J. (Eds.), 2013. Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 16th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2013, Angra do Heroísmo, Azores, Portugal, September 9-12, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas, A., Kopczak, L.R., 2007. Life-Saving Supply Chains, in: Lee, H.L., Lee, C.-Y. (Eds.), Building Supply Chain Excellence in Emerging Economies, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 93–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Molecular Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Ten Years On: How Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth made its mark [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (No. GAO-08-203R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norton, D.A., 2013. O’Connor’s agent casual theory of free will: An evaluation (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., 2016. The Comforts of Jane. New York Times BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yin, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Pörtner and Knust, 2007; Yin, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pörtner and Knust, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Molecular Pathology
AbbreviationExp. Mol. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0014-4800
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles