How to format your references using the Experimental and Molecular Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Molecular Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huybers, P., 2009. Atmosphere. Antarctica’s orbital beat. Science 325, 1085–1086.
A journal article with 2 authors
Romanov-Michailidis, F., Rovis, T., 2015. Organic chemistry: Natural polarity inverted. Nature 523, 417–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, G.H., Balogh, A., Horbury, T.S., 2000. Identification of comet Hyakutake’s extremely long ion tail from magnetic field signatures. Nature 404, 574–576.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Valla, T., Fedorov, A.V., Lee, J., Davis, J.C., Gu, G.D., 2006. The ground state of the pseudogap in cuprate superconductors. Science 314, 1914–1916.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lyshevski, S.E., 2005. Engineering and Scientific Computations Using MATLAB®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gorodetskiy, A.E. (Ed.), 2016. Smart Electromechanical Systems, Studies in Systems, Decision and Control. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Santos, J.E., Gauzellino, P.M., 2016. Waves in a fluid-saturated poroelastic matrix composed of two weakly coupled solids, in: Gauzellino, P.M. (Ed.), Numerical Simulation in Applied Geophysics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 79–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Molecular Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. How Citizen Scientists Discovered A Giant Cluster Of Galaxies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Space Operations: Archiving Space Science Data Needs Further Management Improvements (No. NSIAD-94-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Black, D.D., 2014. Franz Liszt’s “Via Crucis”: A summation of the composer’s styles and beliefs (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernard, T.S., 2016. Reading, Writing and Rip-Offs. New York Times BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huybers, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Huybers, 2009; Romanov-Michailidis and Rovis, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Romanov-Michailidis and Rovis, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Valla et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Molecular Pathology
AbbreviationExp. Mol. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0014-4800
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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