How to format your references using the Experimental and Molecular Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Molecular Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DellaVigna, S., 2010. Economics. Consumers who care. Science 329, 287–288.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prakash, M., Gershenfeld, N., 2007. Microfluidic bubble logic. Science 315, 832–835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Warrick, D.R., Tobalske, B.W., Powers, D.R., 2005. Aerodynamics of the hovering hummingbird. Nature 435, 1094–1097.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schefuss, E., Schouten, S., Jansen, J.H.F., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2003. African vegetation controlled by tropical sea surface temperatures in the mid-Pleistocene period. Nature 422, 418–421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Di Stefano, M., 2005. Distributed Data Management for Grid Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mester, R., Felsberg, M. (Eds.), 2011. Pattern Recognition: 33rd DAGM Symposium, Frankfurt/Main, Germany, August 31 – September 2, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gray, J., 2006. Enriques: Popularising Science and the Problems of Geometry, in: Hendricks, V.F., Jørgensen, K.F., Lützen, J., Pedersen, S.A. (Eds.), Interactions: Mathematics, Physics and Philosophy, 1860–1930, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 135–154.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Molecular Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Space Sex Geckos Die In Orbit [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Space Acquisitions: Development and Oversight Challenges in Delivering Improved Space Situational Awareness Capabilities (No. GAO-11-545). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivas, V.E., 2014. Art appreciation program for homeless children: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MARY WILLIAMS WALSH; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF, 2011. U.S. to Take Over Orchestra’s Pensions. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DellaVigna, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (DellaVigna, 2010; Prakash and Gershenfeld, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prakash and Gershenfeld, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Schefuss et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Molecular Pathology
AbbreviationExp. Mol. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0014-4800
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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