How to format your references using the Experimental and Molecular Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Molecular Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sibley, C.H., 2015. Infectious diseases. Understanding artemisinin resistance. Science 347, 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilkinson, K., Hershko, A., 2015. Irwin Allan Rose (1926-2015). Nature 523, 532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, C., Chan, C.T., Hu, X., 2014. Broadband focusing and collimation of water waves by zero refractive index. Sci. Rep. 4, 6979.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Glotzer, J.B., Saltik, M., Chiocca, S., Michou, A.I., Moseley, P., Cotten, M., 2000. Activation of heat-shock response by an adenovirus is essential for virus replication. Nature 407, 207–211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer, G., Vovk, V., 2005. Probability and Finance: It’s Only a Game!, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mansuy, R., 2006. Random Times and Enlargements of Filtrations in a Brownian Setting, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zülch, G., 2014. Evaluating Human Work in the Digital Factory - A New German Guideline -, in: Grabot, B., Vallespir, B., Gomes, S., Bouras, A., Kiritsis, D. (Eds.), Advances in Production Management Systems. Innovative and Knowledge-Based Production Management in a Global-Local World: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2014, Ajaccio, France, September 20-24, 2014, Proceedings, Part III, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Molecular Pathology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. 2016 Is Going To Be One Second Longer [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard, Model Year 2002 (No. OGC-00-28). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski, R.M., 2012. Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Yelling About Sex. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sibley, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sibley, 2015; Wilkinson and Hershko, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilkinson and Hershko, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Glotzer et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Molecular Pathology
AbbreviationExp. Mol. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0014-4800
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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