How to format your references using the Experimental and Molecular Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Molecular Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Körding, K., 2007. Decision theory: what “should” the nervous system do? Science 318, 606–610.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berg, P., Lehman, I.R., 2007. Retrospective: Arthur Kornberg (1918-2007). Science 318, 1564.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aubert, J., Finlay, C.C., Fournier, A., 2013. Bottom-up control of geomagnetic secular variation by the Earth’s inner core. Nature 502, 219–223.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mortezaei, N., Singh, B., Bullitt, E., Uhlin, B.E., Andersson, M., 2013. P-fimbriae in the presence of anti-PapA antibodies: new insight of antibodies action against pathogens. Sci. Rep. 3, 3393.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodhew, S., 2016. Sustainable Construction Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Adesina, A.M., Tihan, T., Fuller, C.E., Poussaint, T.Y. (Eds.), 2010. Atlas of Pediatric Brain Tumors. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Popper, A.N., Hawkins, A.D., Fay, R.R., Mann, D.A., Bartol, S., Carlson, T.J., Coombs, S., Ellison, W.T., Gentry, R.L., Halvorsen, M.B., Løkkeborg, S., Rogers, P.H., Southall, B.L., Zeddies, D.G., Tavolga, W.N., 2014. Classification of Fishes and Sea Turtles with Respect to Sound Exposure Risk, in: Hawkins, A.D., Fay, R.R., Mann, D.A., Bartol, S., Carlson, T.J., Coombs, S., Ellison, W.T., Gentry, R.L., Halvorsen, M.B., Løkkeborg, S., Rogers, P.H., Southall, B.L., Zeddies, D.G., Tavolga, W.N. (Eds.), ASA S3/SC1.4 TR-2014 Sound Exposure Guidelines for Fishes and Sea Turtles: A Technical Report Prepared by ANSI-Accredited Standards Committee S3/SC1 and Registered with ANSI, SpringerBriefs in Oceanography. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 15–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Molecular Pathology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Hallucinogenic Amazonian Medicine Stimulates Generation Of New Brain Cells [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Social Security Administration: Internet Access to Personal Earnings and Benefits Information (No. T-AIMD/HEHS-97-123). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Snyder, Q.Z., 2010. From anarchy to confederacy: A theory of international politics (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., 2013. Michigan Naming Fiscal Manager To Help Detroit. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Körding, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Berg and Lehman, 2007; Körding, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berg and Lehman, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Mortezaei et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Molecular Pathology
AbbreviationExp. Mol. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0014-4800
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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