How to format your references using the Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferguson, N. (2007). Capturing human behaviour. Nature, 446(7137), 733.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raiborg, C., & Stenmark, H. (2011). Cell biology. A helix for the final cut. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6024), 1533–1534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klaholz, B. P., Myasnikov, A. G., & Van Heel, M. (2004). Visualization of release factor 3 on the ribosome during termination of protein synthesis. Nature, 427(6977), 862–865.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Asai, T., Tena, G., Plotnikova, J., Willmann, M. R., Chiu, W.-L., Gomez-Gomez, L., … Sheen, J. (2002). MAP kinase signalling cascade in Arabidopsis innate immunity. Nature, 415(6875), 977–983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Oden, J. T. (2011). An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Leeuwen, J. van, Muscholl, A., Peleg, D., Pokorný, J., & Rumpe, B. (Eds.). (2010). SOFSEM 2010: Theory and Practice of Computer Science: 36th Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Špindlerův Mlýn, Czech Republic, January 23-29, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 5901). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Q., Zhang, C., & Zhang, S. (2008). Uncertainty Issues in Secure Messages. In C. Zhang & S. Zhang (Eds.), Secure Transaction Protocol Analysis: Models and Applications (pp. 131–173). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 23). Women Were Out Reproducing Men 4,000 Years Ago. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Land Management Systems: Actions Needed in Completing the Automated Land and Mineral Record System Development (No. AIMD-98-107). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, C. (2014). Perceived efficacy of the O*NET Skills Search Tool among individuals with high functioning autism (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, March 1). Lady Gaga Will Replace Beyoncé at Coachella. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferguson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ferguson, 2007; Raiborg & Stenmark, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raiborg & Stenmark, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Klaholz, Myasnikov, & Van Heel, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Asai et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationExp. Clin. Psychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)1064-1297
ISSN (online)1936-2293
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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