How to format your references using the Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexander, R. M. (2001). Design by numbers. Nature, 412(6847), 591.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anikeeva, P., & Koppes, R. A. (2015). BIOENGINEERING. Restoring the sense of touch. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6258), 274–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naranjo, B., Gimzewski, J. K., & Putterman, S. (2005). Observation of nuclear fusion driven by a pyroelectric crystal. Nature, 434(7037), 1115–1117.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gershengorn, M. C., Hardikar, A. A., Wei, C., Geras-Raaka, E., Marcus-Samuels, B., & Raaka, B. M. (2004). Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition generates proliferative human islet precursor cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5705), 2261–2264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garduno Barrera, D., & Diaz, M. (2011). Communicating Systems with UML 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pande, A. (2013). Embedded Multimedia Security Systems: Algorithms and Architectures (J. Zambreno, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Moens, G., & Trone, J. (2010). Free Movement of Capital. In J. Trone (Ed.), Commercial Law of the European Union (pp. 131–147). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, May 3). What It’s Like To Fly Around The World On Nothing But Solar Power. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Gray Market Vehicle Program: Extension Warranted, but Improvements in Vehicle Identification Are Needed (RCED-94-22). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warrick, A. D. (2017). “Deep” South: Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, and Environmental Knowledge, 1800-1974 [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2007, July 29). In a Word, Fabulous. New York Times, NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alexander, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Alexander, 2001; Anikeeva & Koppes, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anikeeva & Koppes, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Naranjo et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gershengorn et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationExp. Clin. Psychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)1064-1297
ISSN (online)1936-2293
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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