How to format your references using the Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anand, M. (2014). Planetary science. Analyzing Moon rocks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6182), 365–366.
A journal article with 2 authors
Myerson, A. S., & Trout, B. L. (2013). Chemistry. Nucleation from solution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6148), 855–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki, N., Nishiura, M., & Wakatsuki, Y. (2002). Isolation and structural characterization of 1-zirconacyclopent-3-yne, five-membered cyclic alkynes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5555), 660–663.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, C.-Z., Li, L., Lodish, H. F., & Bartel, D. P. (2004). MicroRNAs modulate hematopoietic lineage differentiation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5654), 83–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labuszewski, J. W., Nyhoff, J. E., Co, R., & Peterson, P. E. (2010). The CME Group Risk Management Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhou, L., Ooi, B. C., & Meng, X. (Eds.). (2005). Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 10th International Conference, DASFAA 2005, Beijing, China, April 17-20, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3453). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ullmann, J. (2014). Fuels. In K. Reif (Ed.), Diesel Engine Management: Systems and Components (pp. 34–45). Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 10). The 12 Most Controversial Facts In Mathematics. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Digital Television Transition: Preliminary Information on Initial Consumer Education Efforts (GAO-07-1248T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yamada, M. (2008). The role of the TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE2 (TIR2) gene in auxin synthesis in Arabidopsis [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, July 22). Property Damage but No Injuries in Tornado. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anand, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Anand, 2014; Myerson & Trout, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Myerson & Trout, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Suzuki et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationExp. Clin. Psychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)1064-1297
ISSN (online)1936-2293
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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