How to format your references using the Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hasselmo, M. E. (2008). Neuroscience. The scale of experience. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5885), 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Henriksen-Lacey, M., & Giner-Casares, J. J. (2015). Nice to know you. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6253), 1254.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ando, R., Mizuno, H., & Miyawaki, A. (2004). Regulated fast nucleocytoplasmic shuttling observed by reversible protein highlighting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1370–1373.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Michel, J.-B., Shen, Y. K., Aiden, A. P., Veres, A., Gray, M. K., Google Books Team, Pickett, J. P., Hoiberg, D., Clancy, D., Norvig, P., Orwant, J., Pinker, S., Nowak, M. A., & Aiden, E. L. (2011). Quantitative analysis of culture using millions of digitized books. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6014), 176–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, D. A. (2014). Interpreting Land Records. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Patalano, R., & Reinert, S. A. (Eds.). (2016). Antonio Serra and the Economics of Good Government. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Tornyai, R., & Kertesz, A. (2014). Towards Autonomous Data Sharing Across Personal Clouds. In L. Lopes, J. Žilinskas, A. Costan, R. G. Cascella, G. Kecskemeti, E. Jeannot, M. Cannataro, L. Ricci, S. Benkner, S. Petit, V. Scarano, J. Gracia, S. Hunold, S. L. Scott, S. Lankes, C. Lengauer, J. Carretero, J. Breitbart, & M. Alexander (Eds.), Euro-Par 2014: Parallel Processing Workshops: Euro-Par 2014 International Workshops, Porto, Portugal, August 25-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part II (pp. 50–61). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 12). We’ve Found A new Family Of Stars In The Milky Way That Could Help Us Work Out How Galaxies Formed. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Financial Market Preparedness: Improvements Made, but More Action Needed to Prepare for Wide-Scale Disasters (GAO-04-984). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams-Newball, T. I. (2014). Domain, Community and Practice: An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Between Communities of Practice and Professional Identity Among Veterinarians [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, October 14). Santander to Pay $6.4 Million to Islanders in Puerto Rico Bond Settlement. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hasselmo, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hasselmo, 2008; Henriksen-Lacey & Giner-Casares, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Henriksen-Lacey & Giner-Casares, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Ando et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Michel et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
AbbreviationExp. Clin. Psychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)1064-1297
ISSN (online)1936-2293
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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