How to format your references using the Rendiconti Lincei citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rendiconti Lincei. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frazzetto G (2012) Neuroscience: Powerful acts. Nature 482:466–467
A journal article with 2 authors
Elowitz MB, Leibler S (2000) A synthetic oscillatory network of transcriptional regulators. Nature 403:335–338
A journal article with 3 authors
Cho Y, Lee JB, Hong J (2014) Controlled release of an anti-cancer drug from DNA structured nano-films. Sci Rep 4:4078
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Emison ES, McCallion AS, Kashuk CS, et al (2005) A common sex-dependent mutation in a RET enhancer underlies Hirschsprung disease risk. Nature 434:857–863

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacIsaac B, Langton R (2011) Gas Turbine Propulsion Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Rossi R, Margheritini F (eds) (2014) Knee Ligament Injuries: Extraarticular Surgical Techniques. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Neelameggham N, Brown R, Davis B (2016) Energy-Efficient Sustainable Processes by “Thiometallurgy.” In: Fergus JW, Mishra B, Anderson D, et al. (eds) Engineering Solutions for Sustainability: Materials and Resources II. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rendiconti Lincei.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Chemical Messengers: How Hormones Make Us Feel Hungry And Full. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) National Security: Papers Prepared for GAO Conference on Worldwide Threats. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barajas D (2010) The marginalization of Zitkala-Ša and Wendy Rose. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2013) What Made Him Tick. New York Times BR22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frazzetto 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Elowitz and Leibler 2000; Frazzetto 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elowitz and Leibler 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Emison et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleRendiconti Lincei
ISSN (print)2037-4631
ISSN (online)1720-0776
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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