How to format your references using the Rendiconti Lincei citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rendiconti Lincei. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steeg PS (2012) Perspective: The right trials. Nature 485:S58-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Vollmer D, Butt H-J (2015) Materials science: Droplets leap into action. Nature 527:41–42
A journal article with 3 authors
Maurer SM, Hugenholtz PB, Onsrud HJ (2001) Intellectual property. Europe’s database experiment. Science 294:789–790
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shi Y, Chichung Lie D, Taupin P, et al (2004) Expression and function of orphan nuclear receptor TLX in adult neural stem cells. Nature 427:78–83

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bitton G (2014) Microbiology of Drinking Water. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hall S, Nazarov AN, Lysenko VS (eds) (2007) Nanoscaled Semiconductor-on-Insulator Structures and Devices. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Rosen BA (2016) Erratum to: Potted Review of Economic Theory: The Complex Evolving System. In: Close J-P (ed) AiREAS: Sustainocracy for a Healthy City: The Invisible made Visible Phase 1. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp E1–E1

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rendiconti Lincei.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) These Are Some Of The Most Stunning Medical Images Of The Year. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Department of Homeland Security: Continued Actions Needed to Strengthen Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams AA (2009) A study of the attitudes and opinions of southwest Missouri educators regarding the value and outcome of the performance based teacher evaluation process. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) A Pot of Gold Has to Be Good, Right? New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steeg 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Steeg 2012; Vollmer and Butt 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vollmer and Butt 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Shi et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleRendiconti Lincei
ISSN (print)2037-4631
ISSN (online)1720-0776
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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