How to format your references using the Rendiconti Lincei citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rendiconti Lincei. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M (2012) Public health: Prevention comes of age. Nature 488:S11-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Scully MO, Svidzinsky AA (2009) Physics. The super of superradiance. Science 325:1510–1511
A journal article with 3 authors
Lanzillo NA, Kharche N, Nayak SK (2014) Substrate-induced band gap renormalization in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Sci Rep 4:3609
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vasileiadis T, Dracopoulos V, Kollia M, Yannopoulos SN (2013) Laser-assisted growth of t-Te nanotubes and their controlled photo-induced unzipping to ultrathin core-Te/sheath-TeO(2) nanowires. Sci Rep 3:1209

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benitez M, Davidson J, Flaxman L (2009) Small Schools, Big Ideas. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
Filbrun AG (2016) Handbook of Cystic Fibrosis. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Sinz W, Hoschopf H, Gstrein G, et al (2013) Safety Measures for Avoiding or Mitigating the Occupant Exposure in Collisions with Large Animals. In: Ochsner A, Altenbach H (eds) Advances in Bio-Mechanical Systems and Materials. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rendiconti Lincei.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Geminid Meteor Shower Will Peak Tonight, But The Supermoon Might Outshine It. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Federal Student Loans: Better Oversight Could Improve Defaulted Loan Rehabilitation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brawley K (2010) A nutrition and physical activity curriculum for pregnant women. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Film Series. New York Times C26

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Scully and Svidzinsky 2009; Eisenstein 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scully and Svidzinsky 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Vasileiadis et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRendiconti Lincei
ISSN (print)2037-4631
ISSN (online)1720-0776
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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