How to format your references using the EXCLI Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EXCLI Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marquis RJ. Ecology. Herbivores rule. Science. 2004;305:619–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghabrial AS, Krasnow MA. Social interactions among epithelial cells during tracheal branching morphogenesis. Nature. 2006;441:746–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholz H, Franz M, Heberlein U. The hangover gene defines a stress pathway required for ethanol tolerance development. Nature. 2005;436:845–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Busskamp V, Duebel J, Balya D, Fradot M, Viney TJ, Siegert S, et al. Genetic reactivation of cone photoreceptors restores visual responses in retinitis pigmentosa. Science. 2010;329:413–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.G. Upton G. Categorical Data Analysis by Example. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Khan SU, Kołodziej J, Li J, Zomaya AY, editors. Evolutionary Based Solutions for Green Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. (Studies in Computational Intelligence; vol. 432).
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki M, Yamaguchi K. Recognition of E-Born PDF Including Mathematical Formulas. In: Miesenberger K, Bühler C, Penaz P, editors. Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 15th International Conference, ICCHP 2016, Linz, Austria, July 13-15, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 35–42. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EXCLI Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. Tiny Worms Get Around Using Slug Guts And Poop. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/nematode-worms-hitch-ride-slug-s-gut-and-get-excreted-their-stop/. accessed 30 October 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Desegregation Activities: Administration of Education Grant Funds at the Cleveland School District. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Aug. Report No.: HRD-89-83.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yaudes KL. Change Your Category, Change Your Mind: The Mutability of Folk Models of Mental Health Disorders [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stevenson A, Goldstein M. Renting to Own a Tainted Home. New York Times. 2016;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marquis 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Marquis 2004; Ghabrial and Krasnow 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghabrial and Krasnow 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Busskamp et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEXCLI Journal
ISSN (online)1611-2156
Scope

Other styles