How to format your references using the China Journal of Social Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Journal of Social Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fulweiler, Robinson W. 2009. “Microbiology. Fantastic Fixers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5951): 377–378.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benefit, Brenda R., and Monte L. McCrossin. 2015. “EVOLUTION. A Window into Ape Evolution.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6260): 515–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sampat, Bhaven N., Kenneth C. Shadlen, and Tahir M. Amin. 2012. “Intellectual Property. Challenges to India’s Pharmaceutical Patent Laws.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6093): 414–415.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhou, Yu-Qiang, Nai-Xing Wang, Yalan Xing, Yan-Jing Wang, Xiao-Wei Hong, Jia-Xiang Zhang, Dong-Dong Chen, Jing-Bo Geng, Yanfeng Dang, and Zhi-Xiang Wang. 2013. “Stable Acyclic Aliphatic Solid Enols: Synthesis, Characterization, X-Ray Structure Analysis and Calculations.” Scientific Reports 3 (January): 1058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, Roger M., Daan Nieboer, and Jolanta Misiewicz. 2014. Fat-Tailed Distributions: Volume 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yuz, Juan I. 2014. Sampled-Data Models for Linear and Nonlinear Systems. Edited by Graham C. Goodwin. Communications and Control Engineering. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abbas, Saïd, and Mouffak Benchohra. 2015. “Partial Functional Evolution Inclusions with Finite Delay.” In Advanced Functional Evolution Equations and Inclusions, edited by Mouffak Benchohra, 113–126. Developments in Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Journal of Social Work.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Bond Villain’s 200mph Jaguar Shows Electric Cars Can Be Menacing Too.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s System of Accounting for Accounts Receivable. FGMSD-77-89. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eastwood, Jennifer L. 2010. “The Effects of an Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Human Biology Program on Socioscientific Reasoning, Content Learning, and Understanding of Inquiry.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “The Shopping Urge Can Hit Anytime.” New York Times, August 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fulweiler 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fulweiler 2009; Benefit and McCrossin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benefit and McCrossin 2015)
  • Three authors: (Sampat, Shadlen, and Amin 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Journal of Social Work
AbbreviationChina J. Soc. Work
ISSN (print)1752-5098
ISSN (online)1752-5101
ScopeHealth(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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