How to format your references using the China Journal of Social Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Journal of Social Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. 2000. “Austrian Physics Meeting Passes without Boycott.” Nature 406 (6791): 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis, Josh K., and John A. Church. 2012. “Climate Change. Regional Sea-Level Projection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6081): 550–551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abe, Eiji, S. J. Pennycook, and A. P. Tsai. 2003. “Direct Observation of a Local Thermal Vibration Anomaly in a Quasicrystal.” Nature 421 (6921): 347–350.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang, Qiu, Zhiyi Lu, Xiaoming Sun, and Junfeng Liu. 2013. “Ultrathin Co3O4 Nanosheet Arrays with High Supercapacitive Performance.” Scientific Reports 3 (December): 3537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, Warren. 2015. Wiley GAAP for Governments 2015. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Odaka, Konosuke, ed. 2016. The Myanmar Economy: Its Past, Present and Prospects. 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Julian, Stephen R. 2015. “Quantum Oscillation Measurements Applied to Strongly Correlated Electron Systems.” In Strongly Correlated Systems: Experimental Techniques, edited by Adolfo Avella and Ferdinando Mancini, 137–172. Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Journal of Social Work.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Bacteria in Bees Could Fight Antibacterial Resistance.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Transportation Infrastructure: Information on Bridge Conditions. GAO-16-72R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skinner, Ryan. 2009. “Artistiya: Popular Music and Personhood in Postcolonial Bamako, Mali.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. 2012. “Bowling With World’s Best, Then Rejoining 8th Grade.” New York Times, February 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier 2000; Willis and Church 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Willis and Church 2012)
  • Three authors: (Abe, Pennycook, and Tsai 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Journal of Social Work
AbbreviationChina J. Soc. Work
ISSN (print)1752-5098
ISSN (online)1752-5101
ScopeHealth(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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