How to format your references using the China Journal of Social Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Journal of Social Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh, Christopher A. 2013. “Peter Huttenlocher (1931-2013).” Nature 502 (7470): 172.
A journal article with 2 authors
Velicogna, Isabella, and John Wahr. 2006. “Measurements of Time-Variable Gravity Show Mass Loss in Antarctica.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5768): 1754–1756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Osborne, Leslie C., Stephen G. Lisberger, and William Bialek. 2005. “A Sensory Source for Motor Variation.” Nature 437 (7057): 412–416.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hua, Yun Hao, Chih Yuan Wu, Karen Sargsyan, and Carmay Lim. 2014. “Sequence-Motif Detection of NAD(P)-Binding Proteins: Discovery of a Unique Antibacterial Drug Target.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6471.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banks, Ron E., Julie M. Sharp, Sonia D. Doss, and Deborah A. Vanderford. 2016. Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry. Ames, Iowa, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ciappi, Elena, Sergio De Rosa, Francesco Franco, Jean-Louis Guyader, and Stephen A. Hambric, eds. 2015. Flinovia - Flow Induced Noise and Vibration Issues and Aspects: A Focus on Measurement, Modeling, Simulation and Reproduction of the Flow Excitation and Flow Induced Response. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Thevenot, Jérôme, Jie Chen, Mikko Finnilä, Miika Nieminen, Petri Lehenkari, Simo Saarakkala, and Matti Pietikäinen. 2015. “Local Binary Patterns to Evaluate Trabecular Bone Structure from Micro-CT Data: Application to Studies of Human Osteoarthritis.” In Computer Vision - ECCV 2014 Workshops: Zurich, Switzerland, September 6-7 and 12, 2014, Proceedings, Part II, edited by Lourdes Agapito, Michael M. Bronstein, and Carsten Rother, 63–79. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Journal of Social Work.

Blog post
Carpineti, Chris. 2017. “New Test Spots Glaucoma Years Before Conventional Tests.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. At-Risk Youth: School-Community Collaborations Focus on Improving Student Outcomes. GAO-01-66. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sahib, Sonny S. 2010. “Numerical Solutions of Maxwell’s Equations in 1D, 2D, and 3D via the Finite Element Method.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, James. 2017. “Son of Sam Detective Realized ‘This Has Got to Be the Guy.’” New York Times, August 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walsh 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Walsh 2013; Velicogna and Wahr 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Velicogna and Wahr 2006)
  • Three authors: (Osborne, Lisberger, and Bialek 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hua et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Journal of Social Work
AbbreviationChina J. Soc. Work
ISSN (print)1752-5098
ISSN (online)1752-5101
ScopeHealth(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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