How to format your references using the China Journal of Social Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Journal of Social Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keitt, Timothy H. 2008. “Coherent Ecological Dynamics Induced by Large-Scale Disturbance.” Nature 454 (7202): 331–334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, Ji-Hoon, and Tanya T. Paull. 2005. “ATM Activation by DNA Double-Strand Breaks through the Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1 Complex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5721): 551–554.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chien, Kenneth R., Alessandra Moretti, and Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz. 2004. “Development. ES Cells to the Rescue.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5694): 239–240.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
He, Jie, Limei Ma, Sangseong Kim, Junichi Nakai, and C. Ron Yu. 2008. “Encoding Gender and Individual Information in the Mouse Vomeronasal Organ.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5875): 535–538.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Battu, Daniel. 2014. New Telecom Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Baird, Davis, Eric Scerri, and Lee McIntyre, eds. 2006. Philosophy Of Chemistry: Synthesis of a New Discipline. Vol. 242. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Horspool, R. Nigel, and Nikolai Tillmann. 2013. “The Web.” In TouchDevelop: Programming on the Go, edited by Nikolai Tillmann, 53–69. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Journal of Social Work.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. “Not Aliens, But ‘Megastructure Star’ Keeps Getting Stranger.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Transportation Infrastructure: Preserving the Nation’s Investment in the Interstate Highway System. RCED-91-147. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ionedes, Nancy Joanna. 2008. “An Exploration of Social Interest Therapy as a Treatment for Depression in the Elderly.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernard, Tara Siegel, and Stacy Cowley. 2017. “Equifax Is Facing Harsh Scrutiny. If Only It Had Come a Bit Sooner.” New York Times, September 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keitt 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Keitt 2008; Lee and Paull 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Paull 2005)
  • Three authors: (Chien, Moretti, and Laugwitz 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (He et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Journal of Social Work
AbbreviationChina J. Soc. Work
ISSN (print)1752-5098
ISSN (online)1752-5101
ScopeHealth(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles