How to format your references using the China Journal of Social Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Journal of Social Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mitrofanov, Igor G. 2003. “Astrophysics: A Constraint on Canonical Quantum Gravity?” Nature 426 (6963): 139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maser, Richard S., and Ronald A. DePinho. 2002. “Connecting Chromosomes, Crisis, and Cancer.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5581): 565–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, Bryan K., Zurab Siprashvili, and Paul A. Khavari. 2014. “Advances in Skin Grafting and Treatment of Cutaneous Wounds.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6212): 941–945.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Först, Clemens J., Christopher R. Ashman, Karlheinz Schwarz, and Peter E. Blöchl. 2004. “The Interface between Silicon and a High-k Oxide.” Nature 427 (6969): 53–56.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGeough, J. A. 2013. The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Zou, Wen-Quan, and Pierluigi Gambetti, eds. 2013. Prions and Diseases: Volume 1, Physiology and Pathophysiology. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Matsumura, Naohiro. 2008. “Communication Gap Management Towards a Fertile Community.” In The Grammar of Technology Development, edited by Hiroe Tsubaki, Shu Yamada, and Ken Nishina, 61–70. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Journal of Social Work.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “We Can Turn CO2 In The Air Into New Materials – But Don’t Expect That To Stop Climate Change.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Issues Related to FAA’s Effectiveness. T-RCED-89-39. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Satam, Gaurav C. 2010. “The Mechanical Engineering Approach for Three Dimensional Modeling Procedure and Measurements of the Heart Anatomy.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. “Young Con Man as Tragic Hero.” New York Times, April 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mitrofanov 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mitrofanov 2003; Maser and DePinho 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maser and DePinho 2002)
  • Three authors: (Sun, Siprashvili, and Khavari 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Först et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Journal of Social Work
AbbreviationChina J. Soc. Work
ISSN (print)1752-5098
ISSN (online)1752-5101
ScopeHealth(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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