How to format your references using the China Journal of Social Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Journal of Social Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmidt, Dominic. 2013. “Science & SciLifeLab Prize. Evolution of Vertebrate Transcriptional Regulator Binding.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342 (6163): 1186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Catania, Kenneth C., and Fiona E. Remple. 2005. “Asymptotic Prey Profitability Drives Star-Nosed Moles to the Foraging Speed Limit.” Nature 433 (7025): 519–522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tateishi-Karimata, Hisae, Miki Nakano, and Naoki Sugimoto. 2014. “Comparable Stability of Hoogsteen and Watson-Crick Base Pairs in Ionic Liquid Choline Dihydrogen Phosphate.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3593.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Goldberg, Michal, Manuel Stucki, Jacob Falck, Damien D’Amours, Dinah Rahman, Darryl Pappin, Jiri Bartek, and Stephen P. Jackson. 2003. “MDC1 Is Required for the Intra-S-Phase DNA Damage Checkpoint.” Nature 421 (6926): 952–956.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smeets, René, Lou van der Sluis, Mirsad Kapetanović, David F. Peelo, and Anton Janssen. 2014. Switching in Electrical Transmission and Distribution Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Molnár-Láng, Márta, Carla Ceoloni, and Jaroslav Doležel, eds. 2015. Alien Introgression in Wheat: Cytogenetics, Molecular Biology, and Genomics. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sugiyama, Yukimaru, and Shiho Fujita. 2011. “The Demography and Reproductive Parameters of Bossou Chimpanzees.” In The Chimpanzees of Bossou and Nimba, edited by Tetsuro Matsuzawa, Tatyana Humle, and Yukimaru Sugiyama, 23–34. Primatology Monographs. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Journal of Social Work.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Bizarre Hourglass-Shaped Fossils Belonged to Our Distant Cousins.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. SEOG Funds: Information on the Distribution of SEOG Funds to Students. PEMD-86-1BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yobby, Jason. 2017. “Application of Genetic Algorithm Optimization of Thermodynamic Fluids Designs.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. 2017. “Boom Time in Nollywood.” New York Times, October 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmidt 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Schmidt 2013; Catania and Remple 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Catania and Remple 2005)
  • Three authors: (Tateishi-Karimata, Nakano, and Sugimoto 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Goldberg et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Journal of Social Work
AbbreviationChina J. Soc. Work
ISSN (print)1752-5098
ISSN (online)1752-5101
ScopeHealth(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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