How to format your references using the Evolving Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolving Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman S (2001) Pressure grows over US blood ban. Nature 412:467
A journal article with 2 authors
Abrahamsen H, Stenmark H (2011) Cell biology. Growth signaling from inside. Science 334:611–612
A journal article with 3 authors
Navarro-González R, McKay CP, Mvondo DN (2001) A possible nitrogen crisis for Archaean life due to reduced nitrogen fixation by lightning. Nature 412:61–64
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chang X, Xu T, Li Y, Wang K (2013) Dynamic modular architecture of protein-protein interaction networks beyond the dichotomy of “date” and “party” hubs. Sci Rep 3:1691

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Reedy MA (2016) Project Management in the Oil and Gas Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Vene V, Uustalu T (eds) (2005) Advanced Functional Programming: 5th International School, AFP 2004, Tartu, Estonia, August 14 – 21, 2004, Revised Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ben-Ari M (2009) Tool Presentation: Teaching Concurrency and Model Checking. In: Păsăreanu CS (ed) Model Checking Software: 16th International SPIN Workshop, Grenoble, France, June 26-28, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 6–11

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolving Systems.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Dying Snake-Bitten Scientist Records His Last Day Of Life. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/dying-hours-snake-biten-scientist-recorded-diary/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Federal Trade Commission: Information on Proposed Regional Restructuring Effort. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ready C (2014) Preventing childhood obesity in foster children: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2016) A Test From the Political Comedy Gods. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodman 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Goodman 2001; Abrahamsen and Stenmark 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abrahamsen and Stenmark 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Chang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolving Systems
ISSN (print)1868-6478
ISSN (online)1868-6486
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Control and Optimization
Modelling and Simulation

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