How to format your references using the DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Greensfelder L. INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Polio Outbreak Raises Questions About Vaccine. Science. 2000;290:1867b–9b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Moore T, Armstrong KM. Selective gating of visual signals by microstimulation of frontal cortex. Nature. 2003;421:370–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Winston WM, Molodowitch C, Hunter CP. Systemic RNAi in C. elegans requires the putative transmembrane protein SID-1. Science. 2002;295:2456–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Müller W, Fricke H, Halliday AN, McCulloch MT, Wartho J-A. Origin and migration of the Alpine Iceman. Science. 2003;302:862–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Islam MR, Islam JS, Zatzman GM, Mughal MAH, Rahman MS. The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Jonsson B. Ecology of Atlantic Salmon and Brown Trout: Habitat as a template for life histories. Jonsson N, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gruba P, Cárdenas-Claros MS, Suvorov R, Rick K. Meso-Level Evaluation. In: Cárdenas-Claros MS, Suvorov R, Rick K, editors. Blended Language Program Evaluation. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 65–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. What The Universe Looks Like When Viewed With Radio Eyes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FAA’s Implementation of the Expanded East Coast Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 May. Report No.: T-RCED-88-39.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Butler BK. Error Floors of LDPC Codes and Related Topics [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shpigel B. Paralympics; Iranian Cyclist Dies After Crash at Rio Games. New York Times. 2016 Sep 18;SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN (online)2008-2231

Other styles