How to format your references using the DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. O’Brien K. CLIMATE CHANGE. Political agency: The key to tackling climate change. Science. 2015;350:1170–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pack CC, Born RT. Temporal dynamics of a neural solution to the aperture problem in visual area MT of macaque brain. Nature. 2001;409:1040–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Semenov V, Dyadechkin S, Punsly B. Simulations of jets driven by black hole rotation. Science. 2004;305:978–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tsao DY, Freiwald WA, Tootell RBH, Livingstone MS. A cortical region consisting entirely of face-selective cells. Science. 2006;311:670–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rahman ROA, Rakhimov RZ, Rakhimova NR, Ojovan MI. Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Boone T, Jayaraman V, Ganeshan R, editors. Sustainable Supply Chains: Models, Methods, and Public Policy Implications. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Grefenstette E, Sadrzadeh M, Clark S, Coecke B, Pulman S. Concrete Sentence Spaces for Compositional Distributional Models of Meaning. In: Bunt H, Bos J, Pulman S, editors. Computing Meaning: Volume 4. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Blog post
1. Taub B. The Top 10 Feel-Good Science Stories Of 2015 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Ship Acquisitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jan. Report No.: NSIAD-94-96R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Day KC. CPA Perceptions of Human Skills for Professional Competency Development Needs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Smallwood C. On Edge. New York Times. 2015 Aug 21;M2226.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN (online)2008-2231

Other styles