How to format your references using the DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dobson A. Epidemiology. Mathematical models for emerging disease. Science. 2014;346:1294–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kang S, Douglas T. Biochemistry. Some enzymes just need a space of their own. Science. 2010;327:42–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ackermann M, Stearns SC, Jenal U. Senescence in a bacterium with asymmetric division. Science. 2003;300:1920.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Blanco MB, Dausmann KH, Ranaivoarisoa JF, Yoder AD. Underground hibernation in a primate. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1768.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Beckers B, Beckers P. Reconciliation of Geometry and Perception in Radiation Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Konstantinou IK, editor. Antifouling Paint Biocides. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shivanna KR, Tandon R. Pollen Biology. In: Tandon R, editor. Reproductive Ecology of Flowering Plants: A Manual. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014. p. 35–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. British Red Squirrels Are Suffering From An Outbreak Of Medieval Leprosy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/british-red-squirrels-are-suffering-from-an-outbreak-of-medieval-leprosy/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transition From School to Work: H.R. 2884 Addresses Components of Comprehensive Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Sep. Report No.: T-HRD-93-32.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jo SM. A study of Korean students’ creativity in science using structural equation modeling [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices Restore Judges’ Control Over Sentencing. New York Times. 2007 Dec 11;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
AbbreviationDaru
ISSN (online)2008-2231
Scope

Other styles