How to format your references using the Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruiz J. The stability against freezing of an internal liquid-water ocean in Callisto. Nature. 2001 Jul 26;412(6845):409–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maillard I, Pear WS. Immunology. Keeping a tight leash on Notch. Science. 2007 May 11;316(5826):840–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng F, McGrath KP, Hoveyda AH. Multifunctional organoboron compounds for scalable natural product synthesis. Nature. 2014 Sep 18;513(7518):367–74.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Adamowicz BM, Chong DHY, Gutiérrez C, Matz J, Fer E, Polat EO, et al. Broad interests reap benefits for science. Science. 2018 Jul 6;361(6397):24–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garber R. BIM Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Kundu S. High-Level Verification: Methods and Tools for Verification of System-Level Designs. Lerner S, Gupta RK, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XIII, 167 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Eschmeier J. On the Maximal Ideal Space of a Sarason-Type Algebra on the Unit Ball. In: Douglas RG, Krantz SG, Sawyer ET, Treil S, Wick BD, editors. The Corona Problem: Connections Between Operator Theory, Function Theory, and Geometry. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 69–83. (Fields Institute Communications).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia.

Blog post
Hale T. Ivory Poachers Poison 14 Elephants In Zimbabwe. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Methodology Used in Lease-Versus-Purchase Decision for Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jul. Report No.: LCD-76-127.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clyde KM. Instructors’ Perceptions of the National Association of Schools of Music Influence on the Development of Undergraduate Applied Percussion Curricula [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell M. Principles and Posturing. New York Times. 2017 Aug 3;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Portuguesa de Cardiologia
ISSN (print)2174-2049

Other styles