How to format your references using the Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rodnina MV. Biochemistry. Translocation in action. Science. 2013 Jun 28;340(6140):1534–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tatar M, Rand DM. Aging. Dietary advice on Q. Science. 2002 Jan 4;295(5552):54–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Jerga A. Storage of methane and freon by interstitial van der Waals confinement. Science. 2002 Jun 28;296(5577):2367–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang W, Chang J, Jakana J, Weigele P, King J, Chiu W. Structure of epsilon15 bacteriophage reveals genome organization and DNA packaging/injection apparatus. Nature. 2006 Feb 2;439(7076):612–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duhon T. How the Trading Floor Really Works. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
Pandey JK, Reddy KR, Mohanty AK, Misra M, editors. Handbook of Polymernanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application: Volume A: Layered Silicates. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. XII, 538 p. 209 illus., 58 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Cavalieri FJ, Brüls O, Cardona A. A Mortar Method Combined with an Augmented Lagrangian Approach for Treatment of Mechanical Contact Problems. In: Terze Z, editor. Multibody Dynamics: Computational Methods and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 69–91. (Computational Methods in Applied Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia.

Blog post
Andrew D. Smallest Panda Twin Cub Dies. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. D.C. Charter Schools: Strengthening Monitoring and Process When Schools Close Could Improve Accountability and Ease Student Transitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Nov. Report No.: GAO-06-73.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karriem KL. The relationship between stress and emotional intelligence among direct-care workers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Nothing Up His Sleeve, but on It. New York Times. 2010 May 13;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Portuguesa de Cardiologia
ISSN (print)2174-2049

Other styles