How to format your references using the Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Selling your skills. Nature. 2004 Feb 5;427(6974):570.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haussecker D, Kay MA. RNA interference. Drugging RNAi. Science. 2015 Mar 6;347(6226):1069–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allard P, Burton M, Muré F. Spectroscopic evidence for a lava fountain driven by previously accumulated magmatic gas. Nature. 2005 Jan 27;433(7024):407–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jehl X, Sanquer M, Calemczuk R, Mailly D. Detection of doubled shot noise in short normal-metal/superconductor junctions. Nature. 2000 May 4;405(6782):50–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aronson DR. Evidence-Based Technical Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Batten L, Li G, editors. Applications and Techniques in Information Security: 6th International Conference, ATIS 2016, Cairns, QLD, Australia, October 26-28, 2016, Proceedings. Singapore: Springer; 2016. XVI, 163 p. 30 illus. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 651).
A chapter in an edited book
Trautschold M, Mazo G. Windows PC Setup. In: Mazo G, Anglin S, Markham J, Andres C, Beckner M, Buckingham E, et al., editors. BlackBerry Curve Made Simple: For the BlackBerry Curve 8520, 8530 and 8500 Series. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010. p. 67–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia.

Blog post
Andrew E. DARPA Is Developing Tiny Implants That Trigger Self-Healing. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Automatic Data Processing Policies, Procedures, and Practices at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Jun. Report No.: B-162407(6).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Correa L. Urban-rural differences in overweight and obese status among adolescents [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mazzetti M, Hubbard B. Rise of Young Prince Shatters Decades of Saudi Royal Tradition. New York Times. 2016 Oct 15;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Portuguesa de Cardiologia
ISSN (print)2174-2049

Other styles