How to format your references using the Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Chien KR. Regenerative biology: heartbroken embryos heal. Nature. 2013 Jun 27;498(7455):439–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Boehning D, Snyder SH. Circadian rhythms. Carbon monoxide and clocks. Science. 2002 Dec 20;298(5602):2339–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ben-Yehuda S, Rudner DZ, Losick R. RacA, a bacterial protein that anchors chromosomes to the cell poles. Science. 2003 Jan 24;299(5606):532–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Foth BJ, Ralph SA, Tonkin CJ, Struck NS, Fraunholz M, Roos DS, et al. Dissecting apicoplast targeting in the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Science. 2003 Jan 31;299(5607):705–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Thyagarajan KS. Still Image and Video Compression with MATLAB. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Krafft M, Mantrala MK, editors. Retailing in the 21st Century: Current and Future Trends. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XV, 462 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chaves IDG, López JRG, Zapata JLG, Robayo AL, Niño GR. Heat Exchange Equipment and Heat Integration. In: López JRG, García Zapata JL, Leguizamón Robayo A, Rodríguez Niño G, editors. Process Analysis and Simulation in Chemical Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 139–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Five Women Masturbated Inside An MRI Machine. This Is A Video Of Their Brains During Orgasm [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/womens-brains-during-an-orgasm/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Numbers: More Could be Done to Protect SSNs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Mar. Report No.: GAO-06-586T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Daczo Z. Wage inequality and the gender wage gap: Are American women swimming upstream? [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
As Told to. WHY WE TRAVEL | MOSCOW. New York Times. 2007 Jan 7;517.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Portuguesa de Cardiologia
ISSN (print)2174-2049
Scope

Other styles