How to format your references using the Evolution: Education and Outreach citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolution: Education and Outreach. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knill E. Quantum computing with realistically noisy devices. Nature. 2005 Mar 3;434(7029):39–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gilman SL, Glaze FE. History of science. “How science survived”--medieval manuscripts as fossils. Science. 2005 Feb 25;307(5713):1208–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gong S-S, Zhu W, Sheng DN. Emergent chiral spin liquid: fractional quantum Hall effect in a kagome Heisenberg model. Sci. Rep. 2014 Sep 10;4:6317.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hierro A, Sun J, Rusnak AS, Kim J, Prag G, Emr SD, et al. Structure of the ESCRT-II endosomal trafficking complex. Nature. 2004 Sep 9;431(7005):221–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sundar V. Ocean Wave Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Hart JG, editor. Who One Is: Existenz and Transcendental Phenomenology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Kobsa A. Generic User Modeling Systems. In: Brusilovsky P, Kobsa A, Nejdl W, editors. The Adaptive Web: Methods and Strategies of Web Personalization. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 136–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolution: Education and Outreach.

Blog post
Andrew E. Aggression And Sexual Cannibalism In Wolf Spiders [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Final Certification of TAP Fund. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Jul. Report No.: AIMD/OGC-00-250R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shen H. Organization -employee relationships model: A two -sided story [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J, Cooper M. Blasts at Boston Marathon Kill 3 and Injure 100. New York Times. 2013 Apr 15;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knill 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gilman and Glaze 2005; Knill 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gilman and Glaze 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Hierro et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolution: Education and Outreach
AbbreviationEvolution (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)1936-6426
ISSN (online)1936-6434

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