How to format your references using the Evolution: Education and Outreach citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolution: Education and Outreach. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harwood C. A microbiologist hopes to disrupt bacterial “decisions.” Nature. 2008 Sep 4;455(7209):5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ezzati M, Riboli E. Can noncommunicable diseases be prevented? Lessons from studies of populations and individuals. Science. 2012 Sep 21;337(6101):1482–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murray B, Huntress WT Jr, Friedman LD. Mars outposts: a planetary society approach to exploration. Nature. 2001 Jul 12;412(6843):254–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brennecke F, Donner T, Ritter S, Bourdel T, Köhl M, Esslinger T. Cavity QED with a Bose-Einstein condensate. Nature. 2007 Nov 8;450(7167):268–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McFedries P. Twitter Tips, Tricks, and Tweets. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Paliouras G, Papadopoulos S, Vogiatzis D, Kompatsiaris Y, editors. User Community Discovery. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Woolf NJ, Priel A, Tuszynski JA. Nanotechnology, Nanostructure, and Nervous System Disorders. In: Priel A, Tuszynski JA, editors. Nanoneuroscience: Structural and Functional Roles of the Neuronal Cytoskeleton in Health and Disease. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 177–226.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolution: Education and Outreach.

Blog post
Davis J. New Animatronic Cameras Deployed To Film Wildlife Like Never Before [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Protection of Pricing Information Under GSA Procurement for Telecommunications Services]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Apr. Report No.: B-231156.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olson LL. Of Hell and High Water: Longitudinal Case Studies of the Internal and External Recovery Efforts of Non-Governmental Organizations after Hurricane Katrina [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. With All-Out Effort, Penguins’ Fleury Is Enjoying Postseason Success. New York Times. 2017 Apr 29;D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harwood 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ezzati and Riboli 2012; Harwood 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ezzati and Riboli 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Brennecke et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolution: Education and Outreach
AbbreviationEvolution (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)1936-6426
ISSN (online)1936-6434

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