How to format your references using the Microbial Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hirth, G. (2014) Earth science: Missing link in mantle dynamics. Nature 507: 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood, B. and Harrison, T. (2011) The evolutionary context of the first hominins. Nature 470: 347–352.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, C., Potter, A.C., and Senthil, T. (2014) Classification of interacting electronic topological insulators in three dimensions. Science 343: 629–631.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jang, H.W., Felker, D.A., Bark, C.W., Wang, Y., Niranjan, M.K., Nelson, C.T., et al. (2011) Metallic and insulating oxide interfaces controlled by electronic correlations. Science 331: 886–889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Courant, R. and McShane, E.J. (1988) Differential and Integral Calculus, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brouns, I. (2012) Novel Insights in the Neurochemistry and Function of Pulmonary Sensory Receptors, Pintelon, I., Timmermans, J.-P., and Adriaensen, D. (eds) Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Röös, E., Sundberg, C., and Hansson, P.-A. (2014) Carbon Footprint of Food Products. In Assessment of Carbon Footprint in Different Industrial Sectors, Volume 1. EcoProduction. Muthu, S.S. (ed). Singapore: Springer, pp. 85–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Biotechnology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016) Learning Music Gives Kids Extra Brain Connections. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Immigrant Education: Federal Funding Has Not Kept Pace With Student Increases, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breckenridge, C. (2017) Measuring Object and Attribute Salience in 2014 Illinois Gubernatorial Endorsements.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016) A Nation Born of Sniping, Squabbling and Deadlock: Helloo? New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hirth, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wood and Harrison, 2011; Hirth, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wood and Harrison, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Jang et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Biotechnology
AbbreviationMicrob. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)1751-7915
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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