How to format your references using the Microbial Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson, R.G. (2007) Biophysics. Going with the flow. Science 318: 57–58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Korkusinski, M. and Hawrylak, P. (2014) Quantum strain sensor with a topological insulator HgTe quantum dot. Sci Rep 4: 4903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, F., Lin, J.-S., and Liu, K. (2011) Steric control of the reaction of CH stretch-excited CHD3 with chlorine atom. Science 331: 900–903.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bakolitsa, C., Cohen, D.M., Bankston, L.A., Bobkov, A.A., Cadwell, G.W., Jennings, L., et al. (2004) Structural basis for vinculin activation at sites of cell adhesion. Nature 430: 583–586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo, L., Maunder, R.G., Wang, J., and Yang, L.-L. (2010) Near-Capacity Variable-Length Coding, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Meier, R. and Terzis, S. eds. (2008) Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 8th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2008, Oslo, Norway, June 4-6, 2008. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chela-Flores, J. (2014) Fluid Mechanics and Systems Biology for Understanding the Cosmic Distribution of Life: A Review. In, Sigalotti,L.D.G., Klapp,J., and Sira,E. (eds), Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics with Applications to Physics, Engineering and the Environment, Environmental Science and Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 107–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Biotechnology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014) 1/4 of American Adults Do Not Know That The Earth Orbits The Sun. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Highway Trust Fund: Pilot Program Could Help Determine the Viability of Mileage Fees for Certain Vehicles, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Downey, S.S. (2009) Resilient networks and and the historical ecology of Q’eqchi’ Maya swidden agriculture.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nagourney, A. and Berger, J. (2010) Horror at Desert Ritual as Racer Flips Into Crowd. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Larson, 2007; Korkusinski and Hawrylak, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Korkusinski and Hawrylak, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bakolitsa et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Biotechnology
AbbreviationMicrob. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)1751-7915
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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