How to format your references using the Evaluation and Program Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evaluation and Program Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff, D. (2000). NUCLEAR ESPIONAGE: Report Details Spying on Touring Scientists. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5475), 2300–2301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trujillo, C. A., & Sheppard, S. S. (2014). A Sedna-like body with a perihelion of 80 astronomical units. Nature, 507(7493), 471–474.
A journal article with 3 authors
Skourti-Stathaki, K., Kamieniarz-Gdula, K., & Proudfoot, N. J. (2014). R-loops induce repressive chromatin marks over mammalian gene terminators. Nature, 516(7531), 436–439.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nobrega, M. A., Ovcharenko, I., Afzal, V., & Rubin, E. M. (2003). Scanning human gene deserts for long-range enhancers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5644), 413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, P., & Burger, J. (2009). Configuring SAP® ERP Financials and Controlling. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Srivastava, A. (2005). Statistical Analysis and Optimization for VLSI: Timing and Power (D. Sylvester & D. Blaauw, Eds.). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Medvinsky, A. B., Gonik, M. M., Tyutyunov, Y. V., Li, B.-L., Rusakov, A. V., & Malchow, H. (2008). Insecticidal Bt Crops Under Massive Bt-resistant Pest Invasion: Mathematical Simulation. In R. J. Hosking & E. Venturino (Eds.), Aspects of Mathematical Modelling: Applications in Science, Medicine, Economics and Management (pp. 81–94). Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evaluation and Program Planning.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, February 15). Why Do Some Men Go Bald And Others Don’t? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). NASA’s Clipperton Project (NSIAD-96-90R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKelvey, D. M. (2008). Relationships between attitudes of school-based administrators and inclusion practices of students with autism/Asperger’s syndrome [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, N. (2011, December 25). New Directors Flesh Out Black America, All of It. New York Times, AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malakoff, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Malakoff, 2000; Trujillo & Sheppard, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trujillo & Sheppard, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Skourti-Stathaki et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nobrega et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvaluation and Program Planning
AbbreviationEval. Program Plann.
ISSN (print)0149-7189
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles