How to format your references using the Evaluation and Program Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evaluation and Program Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E. (2003). Cancer fears cast doubts on future of gene therapy. Nature, 421(6924), 678.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dufour, S. C., & Felbeck, H. (2003). Sulphide mining by the superextensile foot of symbiotic thyasirid bivalves. Nature, 426(6962), 65–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Minto, C., Myers, R. A., & Blanchard, W. (2008). Survival variability and population density in fish populations. Nature, 452(7185), 344–347.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ichinose, G., Saito, M., Sayama, H., & Wilson, D. S. (2013). Adaptive long-range migration promotes cooperation under tempting conditions. Scientific Reports, 3, 2509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wassenaar, T. M. (2011). Bacteria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zuniga, M., & Dini, G. (Eds.). (2013). Sensor Systems and Software: 4th International ICST Conference, S-Cube 2013, Lucca, Italy, June 11-12, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 122). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pünder, H. (2016). Objects and Procedures of Budgetary Planning and Limits to Borrowing (“Debt Brake”) in the Federal Republic of Germany. In F. L. Morrison (Ed.), Fiscal Rules - Limits on Governmental Deficits and Debt (pp. 101–138). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evaluation and Program Planning.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, May 18). A Thermonuclear Bomb Slammed Into A North Carolina Farm In 1961 – And Part Of It Is Still Missing. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Telecommunications: Application of the Antideficiency Act and Other Fiscal Controls to FCC’s E-Rate Program (GAO-05-546T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fox, R. N. (2009). Interpreting architecture: A Krauszian approach [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, March 28). A Usual Suspect Slips Into a Party Owned by Outsiders. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Check, 2003; Dufour & Felbeck, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dufour & Felbeck, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Minto et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ichinose et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvaluation and Program Planning
AbbreviationEval. Program Plann.
ISSN (print)0149-7189
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles