How to format your references using the Evaluation and Program Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evaluation and Program Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linden, H. (2002). Circadian rhythms. A white collar protein senses blue light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 777–778.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, R. G., & Brook, B. W. (2010). Paleontology. And then there were none? Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5964), 420–422.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bieber, F. R., Brenner, C. H., & Lazer, D. (2006). Human genetics. Finding criminals through DNA of their relatives. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1315–1316.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fairén, A. G., Fernández-Remolar, D., Dohm, J. M., Baker, V. R., & Amils, R. (2004). Inhibition of carbonate synthesis in acidic oceans on early Mars. Nature, 431(7007), 423–426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary, S. A. (2009). Mastering Financial Accounting Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Richt, J. A., & Webby, R. J. (Eds.). (2013). Swine Influenza (Vol. 370). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mobus, G. E., & Kalton, M. C. (2015). Complexity. In M. C. Kalton (Ed.), Principles of Systems Science (pp. 169–212). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evaluation and Program Planning.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 20). The Biggest Mistake In The History Of Science. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Federal Coordination Efforts Could Be Further Strengthened (GAO-12-647). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, P. (2015). A Case Study of the Efficacy of Middle College on Educational Advancement [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
SOPHIA CHANG (NYT); Compiled by John Sullivan. (2006, February 23). Metro Briefing | New York: Oceanside: Infant’s Body Found In Laundry. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Linden, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Linden, 2002; Roberts & Brook, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts & Brook, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Bieber et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fairén et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvaluation and Program Planning
AbbreviationEval. Program Plann.
ISSN (print)0149-7189
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles