How to format your references using the Evaluation and Program Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evaluation and Program Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ray, L. B. (2013). Single-cell biology. Cells go solo. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6163), 1187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thrall, P. H., & Burdon, J. J. (2003). Evolution of virulence in a plant host-pathogen metapopulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5613), 1735–1737.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, X., Gross, R. L., & Suits, A. G. (2001). “Heavy electron” photoelectron spectroscopy: rotationally resolved ion pair imaging of CH3+. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5551), 2527–2529.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Troshin, P. A., Avent, A. G., Darwish, A. D., Martsinovich, N., Abdul-Sada, A. K., Street, J. M., & Taylor, R. (2005). Isolation of two seven-membered ring C58 fullerene derivatives: C58F17CF3 and C58F18. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5732), 278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smilansky, S. (2007). 10 Moral Paradoxes. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Ahmed, M. U., Begum, S., & Raad, W. (Eds.). (2016). Internet of Things Technologies for HealthCare: Third International Conference, HealthyIoT 2016, Västerås, Sweden, October 18-19, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 187). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Reitz-Krueger, C. L., Nagel, A. G., Guarnera, L. A., & Reppucci, N. D. (2015). Community Influence on Adolescent Development. In T. P. Gullotta, R. W. Plant, & M. A. Evans (Eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Behavioral Problems: Evidence-Based Approaches to Prevention and Treatment (pp. 71–84). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evaluation and Program Planning.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, April 21). World’s Oldest Known Fossils Are Just Oddly Shaped Minerals. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Medicare: Callers Can Access 1-800-MEDICARE Services, but Responsibility within CMS for Limited English Proficiency Plan Unclear (GAO-09-104). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arendse, E. M. (2014). A textual Caribbean: Voices of the multitude in Junot Díaz’s The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. (1996, May 19). Children’s Books;The Wonderful World of Dahl. New York Times, 733.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ray, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ray, 2013; Thrall & Burdon, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thrall & Burdon, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Liu et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Troshin et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvaluation and Program Planning
AbbreviationEval. Program Plann.
ISSN (print)0149-7189
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles