How to format your references using the Evaluation and Program Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evaluation and Program Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2008). Closing the gaps. Nature, 452(7185), 382–383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levy-Lahad, E., & Plon, S. E. (2003). Cancer. A risky business--assessing breast cancer risk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5645), 574–575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, J., Theodoris, C., & Davidson, E. H. (2007). A gene regulatory network subcircuit drives a dynamic pattern of gene expression. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5851), 794–797.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lopert, A., Rijavec, M., Zavbi, M., Korošec, P., & Fležar, M. (2013). Asthma treatment outcome in adults is associated with rs9910408 in TBX21 gene. Scientific Reports, 3, 2915.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin, C., Escobar, F., & Serradj, A. (2013). Thematic Cartography and Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Simjee, S. (Ed.). (2007). Foodborne Diseases. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Green, B. (2012). Being Muslim in the Neoliberal West: Reflections on an Ethnographic Study of Muslim Women in Australia. In T. Lovat (Ed.), Women in Islam: Reflections on Historical and Contemporary Research (pp. 61–74). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evaluation and Program Planning.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 25). The West Is On Fire – And The US Taxpayer Is Subsidizing It. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Information Security and Privacy Controls Should Be Enhanced to Address Weaknesses (No. GAO-14-871T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Racho, M. O. (2012). Attributes of Asian American senior leaders who have retained their cultural identity and been successful in American corporations (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2016, February 27). The Facts About Abortion Rights. New York Times, p. SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Levy-Lahad & Plon, 2003; Smaglik, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levy-Lahad & Plon, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Smith, Theodoris, & Davidson, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lopert, Rijavec, Zavbi, Korošec, & Fležar, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvaluation and Program Planning
AbbreviationEval. Program Plann.
ISSN (print)0149-7189
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Geography, Planning and Development

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