How to format your references using the Techniques in Coloproctology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Techniques in Coloproctology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Downer J (2001) A tortured tale of supply and demand. Nature 410:624
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Deckert R, Dameris M (2008) Atmospheric science. From ocean to stratosphere. Science 322:53–55
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chandra FA, Buzi G, Doyle JC (2011) Glycolytic oscillations and limits on robust efficiency. Science 333:187–192
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Moisan N, Malinowski G, Mauchain J, et al (2014) Investigating the role of superdiffusive currents in laser induced demagnetization of ferromagnets with nanoscale magnetic domains. Sci Rep 4:4658

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stevens BA, Roediger E (2016) Breaking Negative Relationship Patterns. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Abu el Ata N (2016) The Tyranny of Uncertainty: A New Framework to Predict, Remediate and Monitor Risk. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hirschel EH, Weiland C (2009) Aerothermodynamic Design Problems of Non-Winged Re-Entry Vehicles. In: Weiland C (ed) Selected Aerothermodynamic Design Problems of Hypersonic Flight Vehicles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 211–278

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Techniques in Coloproctology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) In Focus: New Horizons’ Crisp Images Shed New Light On The Origins Of Pluto And Its Moons. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Public Transportation: Preliminary Analysis of Changes to and Trends in FTA’s New Starts and Small Starts Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Swartz H (2017) The Multitude Speaks in Style: An Analysis of Vernacular Agency through Images of Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J (2016) Cable News Networks Report a Banner Year in 2016. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTechniques in Coloproctology
AbbreviationTech. Coloproctol.
ISSN (print)1123-6337
ISSN (online)1128-045X
ScopeGastroenterology
Surgery

Other styles