How to format your references using the Techniques in Coloproctology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Techniques in Coloproctology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Yamamoto A (2000) Crowded universities cramp more than just students’ style. Nature 404:13
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Curry Rogers K, Forster CA (2001) The last of the dinosaur titans: a new sauropod from Madagascar. Nature 412:530–534
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Roy K, Hunt G, Jablonski D (2009) Phylogenetic conservatism of extinctions in marine bivalves. Science 325:733–737
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Yang Z, Xu Y, Xu T, et al (2014) Brain network informed subject community detection in early-onset schizophrenia. Sci Rep 4:5549

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Weverka P (2010) Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 All-in-One for Dummies®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Williams J (2016) Interdisciplinary Mathematics Education: A State of the Art. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Theron LC, Phasha N (2015) Cultural Pathways to Resilience: Opportunities and Obstacles as Recalled by Black South African Students. In: Theron LC, Liebenberg L, Ungar M (eds) Youth Resilience and Culture: Commonalities and Complexities. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Techniques in Coloproctology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) It’s Not Rocket Science: We Need A Better Way To Get To Space. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1984) Query Concerning FY 1985 Authorization Levels for Department of Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Correa L (2015) Urban-rural differences in overweight and obese status among adolescents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J (2017) Mets Win as Bruce Drives in Five Runs With Two Homers. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTechniques in Coloproctology
AbbreviationTech. Coloproctol.
ISSN (print)1123-6337
ISSN (online)1128-045X
ScopeGastroenterology
Surgery

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