How to format your references using the European View citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European View. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Planning ahead. Nature, 432(7020), 1063.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnston, K. P., & Shah, P. S. (2004). Materials science. Making nanoscale materials with supercritical fluids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5657), 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sweeney, A., Jiggins, C., & Johnsen, S. (2003). Insect communication: Polarized light as a butterfly mating signal. Nature, 423(6935), 31–32.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Molejon, M. I., Ropolo, A., Re, A. L., Boggio, V., & Vaccaro, M. I. (2013). The VMP1-Beclin 1 interaction regulates autophagy induction. Scientific reports, 3, 1055.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rankin, J. (2008). Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd.
An edited book
Glodeanu, C. V., Kaytoue, M., & Sacarea, C. (Eds.). (2014). Formal Concept Analysis: 12th International Conference, ICFCA 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8478). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Aamodt, M. G. (2015). Using Background Checks in the Employee Selection Process. In C. Hanvey & K. Sady (Eds.), Practitioner’s Guide to Legal Issues in Organizations (pp. 85–110). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European View.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 1). Spiders Have Threesomes To Avoid Cannibalistic Females. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Issues and Anticipated Results (No. D06981). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Helgoe, C. A. (2008). The impact of federal policy on teachers’ use of science manipulatives: A survey of teacher philosophy and practices (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, May 9). Rothschild Sets Sights On U.S. Tech Investments. New York Times, p. B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Johnston and Shah 2004; Smaglik 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnston and Shah 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Molejon et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean View
ISSN (print)1781-6858
ISSN (online)1865-5831

Other styles