How to format your references using the European View citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European View. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gossett, J. M. (2002). Environment. Fishing for microbes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5595), 974–975.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fugmann, S. D., & Schatz, D. G. (2002). Immunology. One AID to unite them all. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5558), 1244–1245.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bliokh, K. Y., Smirnova, D., & Nori, F. (2015). OPTICS. Quantum spin Hall effect of light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6242), 1448–1451.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Choi, Y., Sim, S., Lim, S. C., Lee, Y. H., & Choi, H. (2013). Ultrafast biexciton spectroscopy in semiconductor quantum dots: evidence for early emergence of multiple-exciton generation. Scientific reports, 3, 3206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, R. (2005). The History of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ahmad, K., Brewster, C., & Stevenson, M. (Eds.). (2007). Words and Intelligence I: Selected Papers by Yorick Wilks (Vol. 35). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Perelman, Y., & Ginosar, R. (2008). NPR03: Mixed-Signal Integrated Front-End for Neuronal Recording. In R. Ginosar (Ed.), The NeuroProcessor: An Integrated Interface to Biological Neural Networks (pp. 39–67). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European View.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 12). Slave Ants And Their Masters Are Locked In A Deadly Relationship. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Content Analysis: A Methodology for Structuring and Analyzing Written Material (No. PEMD-10.3.1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M. E. (2010). Where are the parents: The parent’s perspective of parental involvement in education (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M., & Rogers, K. (2017, June 8). Army-McCarthy Hearings. Anita Hill. Comey Testimony. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gossett 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Fugmann and Schatz 2002; Gossett 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fugmann and Schatz 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean View
ISSN (print)1781-6858
ISSN (online)1865-5831

Other styles