How to format your references using the European View citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European View. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huron, D. (2008). Science & music: lost in music. Nature, 453(7194), 456–457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baxter, I., & Dilkes, B. P. (2012). Elemental profiles reflect plant adaptations to the environment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6089), 1661–1663.
A journal article with 3 authors
Domínguez-García, V., Pigolotti, S., & Muñoz, M. A. (2014). Inherent directionality explains the lack of feedback loops in empirical networks. Scientific reports, 4, 7497.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Payne, J. L., Lehrmann, D. J., Wei, J., Orchard, M. J., Schrag, D. P., & Knoll, A. H. (2004). Large perturbations of the carbon cycle during recovery from the end-permian extinction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5683), 506–509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gavin, H., & Porter, T. (2014). Female Aggression. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Martino, F. (2009). Imaging del trauma osteo-articolare in età pediatrica: Lesioni acute e croniche dello scheletro in accrescimento. (C. Defilippi & R. Caudana, Eds.). Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sorgi, L., & Schlosser, M. (2013). Integrating Color Sampling into Depth Based Bilayer Segmentation. In A. Petrosino (Ed.), Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013: 17th International Conference, Naples, Italy, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 31–40). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European View.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 22). Returning To The Moon Is Ten Times Cheaper Than Thought, And It Could Lead To Mars. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). FAA Procurement: Major Data-Processing Contract Should Not Be Awarded (No. IMTEC-90-38). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olch, R. (2010). Low cost/no cost quality of life programs in non-profit theatre (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, May 30). Man in the News; A Master of the Image: David Richmond Gergen. New York Times, p. 122.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huron 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Baxter and Dilkes 2012; Huron 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baxter and Dilkes 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Payne et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean View
ISSN (print)1781-6858
ISSN (online)1865-5831

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