How to format your references using the British Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Pharmacology (BJP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernstein, R. (2015). Improving student advising. Science 350: 710.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jarosz, D.F., and Lindquist, S. (2010). Hsp90 and environmental stress transform the adaptive value of natural genetic variation. Science 330: 1820–1824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thommes, E.W., Matsumura, S., and Rasio, F.A. (2008). Gas disks to gas giants: simulating the birth of planetary systems. Science 321: 814–817.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
He, X., Pan, D., Bai, Y., Wang, D., and Hao, Z. (2014). A new simple concept for ocean colour remote sensing using parallel polarisation radiance. Sci. Rep. 4: 3748.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernström, S. (2014). Valuation (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
(2009). The European Court of Human Rights Overwhelmed by Applications: Problems and Possible Solutions (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Ghorbani, R., Koocheki, A., Brandt, K., Wilcockson, S., and Leifert, C. (2010). Organic Agriculture and Food Production: Ecological, Environmental, Food Safety and Nutritional Quality Issues. In Sociology, Organic Farming, Climate Change and Soil Science, E. Lichtfouse, ed. (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp 77–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Regular Pot Use is Bad for Young Brains (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Rail Safety and Security: Some Actions Already Taken to Enhance Rail Security, but Risk-based Plan Needed (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duggimpudi, M.B. (2017). Object Ranking Algorithms for Improved Decision Making. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). With Affluence All Around, A Little Crime Seems a Lot. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernstein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jarosz and Lindquist, 2010; Bernstein, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jarosz and Lindquist, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationBr. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0007-1188
ISSN (online)1476-5381

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