How to format your references using the British Journal of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Pharmacology (BJP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2007). Technical advice. Nature 448: 119.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zinkernagel, R.M., and Hengartner, H. (2001). Regulation of the immune response by antigen. Science 293: 251–253.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hartgerink, J.D., Beniash, E., and Stupp, S.I. (2001). Self-assembly and mineralization of peptide-amphiphile nanofibers. Science 294: 1684–1688.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fujisawa, T., Hayashi, T., Tomita, R., and Hirayama, Y. (2006). Bidirectional counting of single electrons. Science 312: 1634–1636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, J.M. (2014). Wiley Gaap 2015 (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Babin, A. (2016). Neoclassical Theory of Electromagnetic Interactions: A Single Theory for Macroscopic and Microscopic Scales (London: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Abram, M.R., and Di Caprio, U. (2016). Dynamical Systems and Automata. In Towards a Post-Bertalanffy Systemics, G. Minati, M.R. Abram, and E. Pessa, eds. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), pp 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Colliding Galaxies Are Producing A Spectacular Light Show (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979). Automated Systems Security--Federal Agencies Should Strengthen Safeguards Over Personal and Other Sensitive Data (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan, Y. (2010). Long-Term Effects of Higher-Quality Early Childhood Education for At-Risk Children on Their Later Development and Resilience. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., and Haberman, M. (2017). Friend Suggests Trump May Fire Special Counsel. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Zinkernagel and Hengartner, 2001; Goldston, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zinkernagel and Hengartner, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujisawa et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Pharmacology
AbbreviationBr. J. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0007-1188
ISSN (online)1476-5381

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