How to format your references using the Fisheries Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Garnero EJ (2004) Geophysics. A new paradigm for Earth’s core-mantle boundary. Science 304:834–836
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shapiro B, Hofreiter M (2014) A paleogenomic perspective on evolution and gene function: new insights from ancient DNA. Science 343:1236573
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chadderton P, Margrie TW, Häusser M (2004) Integration of quanta in cerebellar granule cells during sensory processing. Nature 428:856–860
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Jordt S-E, Bautista DM, Chuang H-H, et al (2004) Mustard oils and cannabinoids excite sensory nerve fibres through the TRP channel ANKTM1. Nature 427:260–265

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sofronas A (2012) Case Histories in Vibration Analysis and Metal Fatigue for the Practicing Engineer. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Neves-Silva R, Jain LC, Howlett RJ (2015) Intelligent Decision Technologies: Proceedings of the 7th KES International Conference on Intelligent Decision Technologies (KES-IDT 2015). Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lee MS, Chen KW, Ernst E (2010) Supportive Cancer Care with Qigong. In: Cho WCS (ed) Supportive Cancer Care with Chinese Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries Science.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) Plant Fungi Impact How Monarch Butterflies Fight Disease. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fungi-root-plant-impact-how-monarch-butterflies-fight-disease/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Airport Finance: Observations on Planned Airport Development Costs and Funding Levels and the Administration’s Proposed Changes in the Airport Improvement Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schwartz KA (2010) Dynamics of Teacher Self-Efficacy: Middle School Reading and Language Arts Teacher Responses on a Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Paulson M (2017) Spacey Apologizes After Accusation of Misconduct. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries Science
AbbreviationFish. Sci.
ISSN (print)0919-9268
ISSN (online)1444-2906
ScopeAquatic Science

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