How to format your references using the Fisheries Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Hippel PH (2004) Biochemistry. Completing the view of transcriptional regulation. Science 305:350–352
A journal article with 2 authors
Adesnik H, Scanziani M (2010) Lateral competition for cortical space by layer-specific horizontal circuits. Nature 464:1155–1160
A journal article with 3 authors
Aguirre A, Rubio ME, Gallo V (2010) Notch and EGFR pathway interaction regulates neural stem cell number and self-renewal. Nature 467:323–327
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gao C, Bourke E, Scobie M, et al (2014) Rational design and validation of a Tip60 histone acetyltransferase inhibitor. Sci Rep 4:5372

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weiss A (2009) Getting Started in Consulting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kipp M, Martin J-C, Paggio P, Heylen D (2009) Multimodal Corpora: From Models of Natural Interaction to Systems and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Maalej W, Thurimella AK (2013) DUFICE: Guidelines for a Lightweight Management of Requirements Knowledge. In: Maalej W, Thurimella AK (eds) Managing Requirements Knowledge. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 75–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries Science.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) September Brought The World’s Record-Breaking Hot Streak To An End – But Don’t Chill Out. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) What Every Auditor Should Know About Computer Information Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox ET (2012) Prenatal cocaine: Effects on neonatal vocalizations, cue-induced maternal response, and brain development. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2010) A.I.G. and U.S. Agree on Exit Plan, but Numbers Are Uncertain. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries Science
AbbreviationFish. Sci.
ISSN (print)0919-9268
ISSN (online)1444-2906
ScopeAquatic Science

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