How to format your references using the Fisheries Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenking G (2000) Another noble gas conquered. Nature 406:836–837
A journal article with 2 authors
Maslov S, Sneppen K (2002) Specificity and stability in topology of protein networks. Science 296:910–913
A journal article with 3 authors
Ur JA, Karsgaard P, Oates J (2007) Early urban development in the Near East. Science 317:1188
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liberale C, Cojoc G, Bragheri F, et al (2013) Integrated microfluidic device for single-cell trapping and spectroscopy. Sci Rep 3:1258

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Helvoort H (2005) Next Generation SDH/SONET. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Michail S, Sherman PM (2009) Probiotics in Pediatric Medicine. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Provenzano DA (2016) Perioperative Precautions for Infection Control. In: Deer TR, Pope JE (eds) Atlas of Implantable Therapies for Pain Management. Springer, New York, NY, pp 23–26

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries Science.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) 6 Months On From Global Bleaching And The Great Barrier Reef Remains In Terrible Danger. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Rail Transit: Observations on FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program and Potential Change in Its Oversight Role. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seesengood BN (2014) Analysis of the Repairability of Resin Modified Glass Ionomer Cement. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Mets’ Reed Finds Dominance in the Heart of the Plate. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries Science
AbbreviationFish. Sci.
ISSN (print)0919-9268
ISSN (online)1444-2906
ScopeAquatic Science

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