How to format your references using the Fisheries Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Callaway E (2015) Computers read the fossil record. Nature 523:115–116
A journal article with 2 authors
Kieffer SW, Jakosky BM (2008) Planetary science. Enceladus--oasis or ice ball? Science 320:1432–1433
A journal article with 3 authors
Toulokhonov I, Artsimovitch I, Landick R (2001) Allosteric control of RNA polymerase by a site that contacts nascent RNA hairpins. Science 292:730–733
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang Y, Ge J, Wang L, et al (2013) Manageable N-doped graphene for high performance oxygen reduction reaction. Sci Rep 3:2771

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang Z-G (2016) Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Gigliotti C (2009) Leonardo’s Choice: Genetic Technologies and Animals. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Barton A, Mayboroda S (2016) Higher-Order Elliptic Equations in Non-Smooth Domains: a Partial Survey. In: Pereyra MC, Marcantognini S, Stokolos AM, Urbina W (eds) Harmonic Analysis, Partial Differential Equations, Complex Analysis, Banach Spaces, and Operator Theory (Volume 1): Celebrating Cora Sadosky’s life. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries Science.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Incredible Photos Show Sea Lions Attacking And Eating A Shark. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Transportation Infrastructure: States’ Implementation of Transportation Management Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherman LJ (2009) Bridging the attachment transmission gap with maternal mind-mindedness and infant temperament. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burns A, Goodnough A (2017) Democrats Focus On Bill’s Stance On Prior Illness. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries Science
AbbreviationFish. Sci.
ISSN (print)0919-9268
ISSN (online)1444-2906
ScopeAquatic Science

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