How to format your references using the European Transport Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Transport Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shaw R (2009) Journal club. A cancer researcher ponders a fundamental connection between nutrients and gene expression. Nature 462:829
A journal article with 2 authors
Welker J, Giessibl FJ (2012) Revealing the angular symmetry of chemical bonds by atomic force microscopy. Science 336:444–449
A journal article with 3 authors
Simiyu K, Daar AS, Singer PA (2010) Global health. Stagnant health technologies in Africa. Science 330:1483–1484
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Goldstone DC, Ennis-Adeniran V, Hedden JJ, et al (2011) HIV-1 restriction factor SAMHD1 is a deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase. Nature 480:379–382

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nakhjiri M, Nakhjiri M (2006) AAA and Network Security for Mobile Access. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Gen M, Green D, Katai O, et al (2009) Intelligent and Evolutionary Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bittermann D, Fischer M (2011) Development and Design of the EPRTM Core Catcher. In: Saito T, Yamashita J, Oka Y, Ishiwatari Y (eds) Advances in Light Water Reactor Technologies. Springer, New York, NY, pp 119–142

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Transport Research Review.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Bowhead Whales Recorded Singing Unique New Songs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Air Travel and Communicable Diseases: Comprehensive Federal Plan Needed for U.S. Aviation System’s Preparedness. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren KL (2014) Agents of change: A new role for learners in online workplace training. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2004) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Union Says A Million Strike. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Transport Research Review
AbbreviationEur. Transp. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1867-0717
ISSN (online)1866-8887
ScopeAutomotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles