How to format your references using the European Transport Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Transport Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schoeninger MJ (2012) Palaeoanthropology: the ancestral dinner table. Nature 487:42–43
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma J, Karaman I (2010) Materials science. Expanding the repertoire of shape memory alloys. Science 327:1468–1469
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta A, Zadafiya P, Mahalakshmi R (2014) Differential contribution of tryptophans to the folding and stability of the attachment invasion locus transmembrane β-barrel from Yersinia pestis. Sci Rep 4:6508
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kraft ML, Weber PK, Longo ML, et al (2006) Phase separation of lipid membranes analyzed with high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry. Science 313:1948–1951

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curtis PM (2011) Maintaining Mission Critical Systems in a 24/7 Environment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kryszkiewicz M, Bandyopadhyay S, Rybinski H, Pal SK (2015) Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence: 6th International Conference, PReMI 2015, Warsaw, Poland, June 30 - July 3, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Sellier JM, Georgieva R, Dimov I (2015) Sensitivity Analysis of Design Parameters for Silicon Diodes. In: Dimov I, Fidanova S, Lirkov I (eds) Numerical Methods and Applications: 8th International Conference, NMA 2014, Borovets, Bulgaria, August 20-24, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 34–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Transport Research Review.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) How neuroscience is being used to spread quackery in business and education. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Project SAFECOM: Key Cross-Agency Emergency Communications Effort Requires Stronger Collaboration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein J (2017) Mississippian Space and Place: A Geographical Study of Archaeological Site Data in the American Bottom. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Suspicion Is One Nemesis Armstrong Can’t Outpedal. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Transport Research Review
AbbreviationEur. Transp. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1867-0717
ISSN (online)1866-8887
ScopeAutomotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles