How to format your references using the European Transport Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Transport Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Knowles MT (2000) How metrics could have saved UK car industry. Nature 405:13–14
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kramer T, Wilson A (2003) Making the move from physics to finance. Nature 425:220–221
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Takahashi K, Mitsui K, Yamanaka S (2003) Role of ERas in promoting tumour-like properties in mouse embryonic stem cells. Nature 423:541–545
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Farrell AE, Plevin RJ, Turner BT, et al (2006) Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goals. Science 311:506–508

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Morrow E, Boaz A, Brearley S, Ross F (2011) Handbook of Service User Involvement in Nursing and Healthcare Research. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Maconi G, Porro GB (2007) Ultrasound of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hargittai E, Hinnant A (2006) Toward a Social Framework for Information Seeking. In: Spink A, Cole C (eds) New Directions in Human Information Behavior. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Transport Research Review.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2017) The Next Particle Collider Could Be Seven Time More Powerful Than The LHC. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/the-next-particle-collider-could-be-seven-time-more-powerful-than-the-lhc/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1990) Issues to Be Considered During Deliberations to Reauthorize the Federal-Aid Highway Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Slade SW (2010) The complexity of leading in the 21st century: A case study of a successful charter school in an urban school district. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L (2007) New Prosecutors Will Fight Drunken Driving. New York Times LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Transport Research Review
AbbreviationEur. Transp. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1867-0717
ISSN (online)1866-8887
ScopeAutomotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Transportation

Other styles