How to format your references using the European Transport Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Transport Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Leask J (2011) Target the fence-sitters. Nature 473:443–445
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sheng M, Kim MJ (2002) Postsynaptic signaling and plasticity mechanisms. Science 298:776–780
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lee H, Chah O-K, Sheen J (2011) Stem-cell-triggered immunity through CLV3p-FLS2 signalling. Nature 473:376–379
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Tateishi K, Okada Y, Kallin EM, Zhang Y (2009) Role of Jhdm2a in regulating metabolic gene expression and obesity resistance. Nature 458:757–761

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wood P (2013) Western Art and the Wider World. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
1.
Gadducci F, Tavosanis M (2016) History and Philosophy of Computing: Third International Conference, HaPoC 2015, Pisa, Italy, October 8-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wu XB, Wu XH, Guo JH, et al (2015) Polyanion Compounds as Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries. In: Zhang Z, Zhang SS (eds) Rechargeable Batteries: Materials, Technologies and New Trends. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 93–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Transport Research Review.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2016) A Shellfish Species Used To Dye Ancient Royal Robes Has Disappeared From The Mediterranean. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/a-shellfish-species-used-to-dye-ancient-royal-robes-has-disappeared-from-the-mediterranean/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1997) JFMIP News: A Newsletter for Government Financial Managers, Fall 1997, Vol. 9, No. 3. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lemheney AJ (2014) Design and development of virtual reality simulation for teaching high-risk low-volume problem-prone office-based medical emergencies. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Wagner J (2017) Mets Have Little Time To Get Into Wild-Card Race. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Transport Research Review
AbbreviationEur. Transp. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1867-0717
ISSN (online)1866-8887
ScopeAutomotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Transportation

Other styles