How to format your references using the Journal of Moral Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Moral Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L. (2006). Protein purification: cell or cell-free? Nature, 439(7079), 1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
Iwao, C., & Shidoji, Y. (2014). Induction of nuclear translocation of mutant cytoplasmic p53 by geranylgeranoic acid in a human hepatoma cell line. Scientific Reports, 4, 4419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lekic, V., French, S. W., & Fischer, K. M. (2011). Lithospheric thinning beneath rifted regions of Southern California. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 783–787.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Collettini, C., Niemeijer, A., Viti, C., & Marone, C. (2009). Fault zone fabric and fault weakness. Nature, 462(7275), 907–910.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hill, R., & Solt, G. (2010). Engineering Money. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bock, H. G., Carraro, T., Jäger, W., Körkel, S., Rannacher, R., & Schlöder, J. P. (Eds.). (2013). Model Based Parameter Estimation: Theory and Applications (Vol. 4). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hann, S.-K., Gauthier, Y., & Benzekri, L. (2010). Segmental Vitiligo. In M. Picardo & A. Taïeb (Eds.), Vitiligo (pp. 41–49). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Moral Education.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, March 8). Breeder Creates Perfect “Emoji” Snake After 8 Years Of Trying. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Korean Version) (No. GAO-06-951). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, W. (2010). “Straight Talk” on preventing HIV program—a grant thesis project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, September 26). Saudi Arabia to Rescind Ban on Female Drivers. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bonetta, 2006; Iwao & Shidoji, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Iwao & Shidoji, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Lekic, French, & Fischer, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Collettini, Niemeijer, Viti, & Marone, 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Moral Education
AbbreviationJ. Moral Educ.
ISSN (print)0305-7240
ISSN (online)1465-3877
ScopeReligious studies

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