How to format your references using the Journal of Moral Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Moral Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kassen, R. (2011). If you want to win the game, you must join in. Nature, 480(7376), 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Velicer, G. J., & Yu, Y.-T. N. (2003). Evolution of novel cooperative swarming in the bacterium Myxococcus xanthus. Nature, 425(6953), 75–78.
A journal article with 3 authors
London, A. J., Kimmelman, J., & Carlisle, B. (2012). Research ethics. Rethinking research ethics: the case of postmarketing trials. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6081), 544–545.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Moukhametzianov, R., Klare, J. P., Efremov, R., Baeken, C., Göppner, A., Labahn, J., … Gordeliy, V. I. (2006). Development of the signal in sensory rhodopsin and its transfer to the cognate transducer. Nature, 440(7080), 115–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feldmann, D. (2015). Social Movements For Good. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bähr, M. (Ed.). (2006). Brain Repair. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Ma, Y., & Ding, W. (2013). Design and Implementation of Parent Fish Breeding Management System Based on RFID Technology. In D. Li & Y. Chen (Eds.), Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture VI: 6th IFIP WG 5.14 International Conference, CCTA 2012, Zhangjiajie, China, October 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part I (pp. 27–34). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Moral Education.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 1). Discovery Of The Source Of World’s Largest Methane Pool Is Anything But Good News. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Race to the Top: Education Could Better Support Grantees and Help Them Address Capacity Challenges (No. GAO-15-295). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chakravarty, S. (2009). Harvesting health: Fertilizer, nutrition and AIDS treatment in Kenya (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, April 30). Deadline Nears in Puerto Rico, Amid Haggling. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kassen, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kassen, 2011; Velicer & Yu, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Velicer & Yu, 2003)
  • Three authors: (London, Kimmelman, & Carlisle, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Moukhametzianov et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Moral Education
AbbreviationJ. Moral Educ.
ISSN (print)0305-7240
ISSN (online)1465-3877
ScopeReligious studies

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