How to format your references using the Journal of Moral Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Moral Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Souza Pereira, R. (2000). Yet the path is strewn with needless obstacles. Nature, 407(6806), 834.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silljé, H. H. W., & Nigg, E. A. (2003). Signal transduction. Capturing polo kinase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5610), 1190–1191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nawae, W., Hannongbua, S., & Ruengjitchatchawalya, M. (2014). Defining the membrane disruption mechanism of kalata B1 via coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations. Scientific Reports, 4, 3933.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ploss, A., Evans, M. J., Gaysinskaya, V. A., Panis, M., You, H., de Jong, Y. P., & Rice, C. M. (2009). Human occludin is a hepatitis C virus entry factor required for infection of mouse cells. Nature, 457(7231), 882–886.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, C. (1998). A Practical Guide to Engineering Failure Investigation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lara, M. D. (2008). Sustainable Management of Natural Resources: Mathematical Models and Methods (L. Doyen, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirose, M., Mitani, J., Kanamori, Y., & Fukui, Y. (2011). An Interactive Design System for Sphericon-Based Geometric Toys Using Conical Voxels. In L. Dickmann, G. Volkmann, R. Malaka, S. Boll, A. Krüger, & P. Olivier (Eds.), Smart Graphics: 11th International Symposium, SG 2011, Bremen, Germany, July 18-20, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 37–47). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Moral Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 5). Africa Is Within Reach Of Being Declared A Polio Free Region. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). FBI: Advanced Communications Technologies Pose Wiretapping Challenges (IMTEC-92-68BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kyereboah, R. (2015). Criteria For Appointing Board Members to Corporate Boards in Ghana [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, October 13). U.S. Coach Doesn’t Play the Superstar Card. New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Souza Pereira, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (de Souza Pereira, 2000; Silljé & Nigg, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Silljé & Nigg, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Nawae et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ploss et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Moral Education
AbbreviationJ. Moral Educ.
ISSN (print)0305-7240
ISSN (online)1465-3877
ScopeReligious studies

Other styles