How to format your references using the Journal of Moral Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Moral Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lang, K. R. (2010). Astronomy. Serendipitous astronomy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5961), 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsodyks, M., & Gilbert, C. (2004). Neural networks and perceptual learning. Nature, 431(7010), 775–781.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dharmawardhana, C. C., Misra, A., & Ching, W.-Y. (2014). Quantum mechanical metric for internal cohesion in cement crystals. Scientific Reports, 4, 7332.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Harmon, L. J., Schulte, J. A., 2nd, Larson, A., & Losos, J. B. (2003). Tempo and mode of evolutionary radiation in iguanian lizards. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5635), 961–964.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I. (2006). A Manager’s Guide to the Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rieber, R. W. (Ed.). (2012). Encyclopedia of the History of Psychological Theories. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Denarié, E., Silfwerbrand, J., & Beushausen, H. (2011). Structural Behaviour. In B. Bissonnette, L. Courard, D. W. Fowler, & J.-L. Granju (Eds.), Bonded Cement-Based Material Overlays for the Repair, the Lining or the Strengthening of Slabs or Pavements: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 193-RLS (pp. 81–106). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Moral Education.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, March 7). How New Hepatitis C Drugs Could Tackle Liver Cancer, Too. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). State Department: Problems in Compiling List of Countries Restricting Longshore Activities (NSIAD-94-97). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verderame, N. (2013). An educational curriculum for registered dietitians to educate obese patients on the nutrition approach for stress management [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Alcindor, Y., & Armendariz, A. (2017, July 2). Tax Credits to House Poor Reinforce Racial Divisions. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lang, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lang, 2010; Tsodyks & Gilbert, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsodyks & Gilbert, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Dharmawardhana et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Harmon et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Moral Education
AbbreviationJ. Moral Educ.
ISSN (print)0305-7240
ISSN (online)1465-3877
ScopeReligious studies

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